The size of the stall is of tremendous importance for visloburyh pigs. It is not so easy for a novice breeder to build a pigsty with his own hands. After all, you need to choose the right material, decide on the size, divide into production areas and a lot more to do in order to grow healthy and well-fed pets. The principles of building a barn for Vietnamese piglets, in general, meet the usual standards, but have some features, which we will talk about today.
Decide on the number of piglets grown
First of all, you need to decide how many piglets you are going to contain and what principle of breeding to use. If your task is to fatten up the slaughtered weight of castrated Vietnamese hogs and young gilts, then a common corral, divided into recreation and walking areas, will do. Be sure to provide for a sufficient number of drinkers.
You can use any insulated (if you plan to feed the animals in winter) farm building, or make a barn for Vietnamese pigs from scrap materials. This approach makes sense when slaughtering low-fat piglets at four months of age, when they reach a weight of 30-35 kg.
If you are planning to grow Vietnamese visually bruised piglets to adult status and get their own offspring from them, you can’t do without a correctly built pigsty, the area of which will correspond to the standards recommended below.
Features of the construction of a pigsty
Starting the construction of a barn for Vietnamese pigs, you need to remember the most important points. Do not forget:
- to build indoor canals for the disposal of animal waste;
- equip under the roof attic space for storing hay and warming the pigsty;
- calculate the area of the window opening so that it does not exceed the area of the stall;
- in winter, provide bright daylight and good heating;
- equip drinkers in which water should be changed regularly.
Ideally, inside the mini-pig farm, there is a free-standing area for growing Vietnamese fattening piglets in winter, as well as a mud bath of 2x2 m and a depth of 20-30 cm. But due to lack of space, most owners of private farms do not.
For more details, read the article "Vietnamese Visoristum pigs: maintenance and care."
Choosing a place for the barn
Construction of premises for visually bog pigs with their own hands must begin on a flat platform. A path should follow to it, along which it will be possible later to bring food and take out waste. The size of the future pigsty depends on how many pets you intend to fatten.
The most practical is the arrangement of machines at the rate of 4.5-5 square meters. m per one pregnant Vietnamese sow with piglets, or two middle-aged fattening pigs (6-8 months). For manufacturers of boars, it is enough to build one or several separate machines with an area of 3 square meters. m
Feeding piglets can be grown in groups of up to 25 heads, containing in separate sections, which should be placed along one of the walls of the shed. The area of such sections can be any, but they need to contain animals at the rate of 0.9 square meters. m per individual.
If you are planning to fatten piglets all year round, be sure to consider the presence of an extensive walking zone near the barn, the size of which should be at least 1 weave per head.
Industrial pig breeding does not allow two or more Vietnamese boar-producers to be kept in the same pen because they are aggressive and like to fight.
Required durable walls without gaps
The future barn for Vietnamese piglets should be located at a distance of at least 12 m from the residential buildings and 4 m from the border of your backyard. When choosing a place for a pigsty, be sure to consider the wind rose, so as not to feel unpleasant smells from animal waste products in the house. Make a pile of dung as far from home as possible.
Be sure to pre-fill the foundation, whose height above ground level should not be less than 30 cm. For the construction of a mini-pig farm is best to use a brick or wood. The main thing is that the walls should be tightly plastered and there should be no drafts in the room. It is best to sheathe the shed for visually blasted pigs from the inside out, although it is not necessary to do this.
If funds are available, you can additionally warm the pigsty outside, for example, by covering it with metal.
The height of the pigsty for vislobryushih piglets should be such that it was a lot of air, and you could carry out the cleaning, without using special supports and ladders. The optimum height is 2.2-2.3 m.
Provide ventilation and access to sunlight.
For a shed roof can be used any materials that will not be heated in the summer. Ideal - slate.
There must be one or several glazed windows through which sunlight will penetrate the room. Windows should not be too big so that the sunlight would not disturb your visually blasted pets, making them too irritable.
For Vietnamese pigs it is extremely important that the air in the pigsty is always fresh. It improves appetite and accelerates the increase in live weight. Therefore, when building a pigsty, install a reliable ventilation system with your own hands. A ventilation shaft is best suited to provide a natural replacement for exhaust air with fresh air.
Ventilation will also reduce the humidity in the room, reducing the risk of developing pathogenic bacteria and fungi.
How to choose the right flooring
The entrance to the pigsty should be without steps, and the threshold should be very low and convenient for driving a cart with feed or waste. Vietnamese vislobryushie pigs do not like to dig the ground, so to save money as a flooring can be used carefully rammed clay. But it is still better to concreted the floor or pour a modern bulk mixture. It will be more expensive, but more durable and easier to clean.
Ideally, the entire surface of the floor should be covered with wooden flooring. For it, use carefully planed boards, chipboard sheets or thick plywood. Remember that due to the waste of live-bog pigs, the flooring will be wet, therefore, some areas of the flooring that have become unusable will need to be replaced periodically.
In the aisle boards you can not lay, but in the machines and two-thirds of the free-standing area, the flooring must be necessary.
It is strictly forbidden to install a stove or gas heating system on the boards, as wood is highly flammable and can cause a fire.
Production areas in the pigsty
It is best to immediately divide the territory of the future pigsty into several residential areas in which animal machines will be installed. We recommend making the door in the center of the main wall. From it there will be a technological path to the far wall, which should have a furnace and a compartment for tools.
Machines for Vietnamese pigs are arranged on both sides of the track. For the fence suitable ogrugannye boards, including used. You can use chipboard and thick plywood.
In each machine must conduct a separate gate, which is hung on the household curtain. This will allow you to easily remove it from the loop during cleaning.
Well, if you make all the gates of the same size. They should open exclusively inside the pen, fixed with a hook or latch.
Be sure to install the threshold with a height of no more than 30 cm. It will prevent the separation of debris, but will not create problems for the movement of Vietnamese pigs that have short legs.
Setting the angles for piglets
If you plan to keep visually billow sows that produce offspring twice a year, you should take care of preparing the corners for keeping piglets. In each pen you will need to make fences for a corner of the kids.
A sheet of plywood or particle board is suitable for them, in the center of which a window is cut out, measuring 30x30 cm. The sheet should be easily installed and firmly held. To do this, you can nail to the fence a special lath-holder, using the rail principle of movement.
The partition will be removed during the fattening period of the pregnant pig and installed immediately after farrowing.
Having a separate corner, over which a burlap canopy can be arranged, will allow the piglets to rest in the heat after eating, and it will be much easier for the sow to recover from post-harvest.
Good lighting will enhance animal health.
Great value for the pigsty has high-quality lighting. Both dairy pigs and adult visually bruised pigs love light. Not all livestock breeders have the opportunity to build a pigsty for visually blasted piglets with a large number of windows. Therefore, you need to hold electric lighting, which should be lit in the winter at least 10-12 hours a day. The number of lamps is limited solely by your capabilities, although illumination should not be excessive, so as not to annoy animals
It is required to provide for the presence of a heating system, for which conventional farms or gas boilers are used in small farms. Some livestock breeders use electric heaters, but it is expensive and not profitable.
To raise the temperature in the corners for Vietnamese dairy piglets, the possibility of hanging a red lamp should be provided. For this, at the construction stage, it is necessary to provide equipment for wiring and installation of special hooks.
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Write in the comments, from what materials you built a barn for your Vietnamese pets.