In recent years, in our country, the breeding of Vietnamese pigs as a business is becoming increasingly large. A few years ago, the pigs of this breed were grown mainly in small farms and on private farms. But the high income and ease of maintenance attracted the interest of industrial pork producers, who began to increasingly acquire pigs for maintenance in large pig farms.
Fast growing piglets
Today, the artificially bred breed of Vietnamese visually blunt piglets is the best choice for people who decide to start breeding pigs. These animals are extremely unpretentious in content, not aggressive, cleanly and focused on the consumption of green plants.
They have a small stumpy body and grow very quickly, increasing their weight by 350-500 g per day. Already by 4 months the pigs reach a weight of 50 kg and can be slaughtered.
Growing Vietnamese pigs allows you to get up to 75% of high-quality meat from each pig. The best condition of pork and bacon is obtained when animals reach the age of 7-8 months, when they weigh 70-80 kg.
It happens that piglets fatten and longer. Individuals can be grown to a weight of 140 kilograms or more, but in this case, the productivity of the pig farm and its profit are reduced. You can learn more by reading the article "Vietnamese Pigs and Pigs".
Unpretentious in feeding and neat
Vietnamese vislobryushie piglets have a number of unique features that are inherent only in animals of this breed. They differ:
- early maturation and capable of reproduction at 4 months old;
- high productivity of sows that are able to bring up to 24 piglets per year;
- high speed of stable weight gain, ranging from 350 to 500 g per day;
- unpretentiousness in the choice of feed;
- capable of detecting poisonous plants at the genetic level and discarding their use;
- the pigs are distinguished by their special cleanliness and never defecate in their beds, which makes the process of cleaning the pigsty simple and convenient;
- Vietnamese piglets are not demanding in the content, but do not tolerate drafts and frost.
The cultivation of Vietnamese Blight pigs is very profitable for owners of private farmsteads and small pig farms. Due to the small size of the growing piglets, it is convenient for beginning pig producers that large areas for animals are not required, and a small amount of feed consumed does not require the creation of large storage facilities.
Recently, the maintenance of Vietnamese piglets as pets has become popular.
Because of their accuracy, meek and cheerful disposition, as well as their long lifespan (up to 30 years), they are able for many years to become reliable and good friends who always understand the host with a half-word.
Vietnamese pigs have a memorable appearance and cannot be confused with representatives of other breeds. These are mostly black animals, although they may have white and red spots on the head and sides. On the back of boars, the long bristles are clearly visible. More information about the breed we tell in the article "Pigs and pigs of the Vietnamese breed"
Creating a warm pigsty
If you decide to start your own business, taking up the cultivation of Vietnamese breeze pigs, you should clearly understand where to start. First of all, you need to take care of the arrangement of the pigsty, which will conveniently contain fattening piglets, sows and boars.
Despite the fact that animals of this breed are not very whimsical in keeping, and their breeding and care do not require special efforts, it is best to build a good room for a pig farm of brick or wood. Features of our climate allow a sharp decrease in temperature in the winter, and keeping Vietnamese pigs in the cold is absolutely contraindicated.
Pigs love fresh air, so there should be excellent ventilation in the pigsty. At the same time, the presence of drafts is categorically unacceptable.
Despite the fact that pigs from Vietnam have excellent innate immunity, under inadequate housing conditions, they can get sick and grow much more slowly.
The presence in the pigsty of the windows through which the sun's rays can penetrate will be a plus, although it is not a prerequisite for the raised piglets. Read more in the article "Construction of a barn for visually blasted pigs with their own hands."
Convenient wood flooring machines
Vietnamese pigs do not like to dig the ground, so the floor of a small pigsty can be made clay. But for the convenience of cleaning the room would be better if you pour it with concrete. It is also possible to use for the creation of floors and self-leveling mixtures with excellent water-repellent and anti-bactericidal properties.
Approximately two thirds of the premises for piglets are recommended to cover with wooden boards. This will allow pigs in the summer to cool their bodies on the concrete floor, and in the winter - to bask on the flooring.
In order to determine how many pigs to keep in a given room, it is necessary to divide it into several machines. The area of each pen should be about 4.5-5 square meters. m. Each of them may contain a sow with their babies, wild boar or up to two fattening piglets.
With a fast fattening rate, when animals are slaughtered upon reaching the age of 4 months, some farmers place up to 3 pigs in the machine. This somewhat increases the farm's yield over time, but may contribute to injuries to the pigs and a decrease in their muscle mass growth rates.
When setting up machines for pigs, it is mandatory to provide for a wide aisle between them, through which the trolley used to clean the pigsty should be free to pass. Read more in the article "Vietnamese visrubry pigs: maintenance and care."
Practical walking yard
Growing Vietnamese piglets, we must take care to ensure a permanent place for them to walk in the summer. The success of their cultivation lies in the herbivores of these animals, which are capable of extracting up to 80% of their food supply by eating grass and shrub leaves.
If you do not have pastures on which you can “graze” these animals, then you need to allocate a permanent place for their walking at the rate of 1 hundred square meters per gilt.
The walking zone should be specially adapted for keeping bastard pigs. It must necessarily have an extensive shed, under which piglets and adult animals will be able to hide from the scorching rays of the sun and wait out the hottest hours.
In addition to a sufficient number of feeders and drinkers with clean water regularly replaced, it is recommended to dig several pillars into the ground, about which the piglet can scratch its back or snout.
The arrangement of one or several mud pools proved to be excellent. Vietnamese pigs love to take mud baths, with the help of which they get rid of annoying insects.
It should be remembered that piglets grown without summer walking grow less rapidly and are more susceptible to infection with dangerous diseases.
Closely related crossing is prohibited
To succeed in the pig business, you must initially determine which of the main areas for you is a priority.
Vietnamese pigs can be grown for divorce. In this case, it is recommended to keep one or two boar-boars in the pigsty, as well as several sows, which will produce numerous offspring at least twice a year.
One of the main features of this breed of pigs is that closely related breeding leads to culling of offspring, which is born painful and can have serious deformities.
When purchasing males and females for divorce, pay special attention to the fact that they are from different pig farms, and best of all, generally from different regions. They must have all the required vaccinations and fully comply with the stated age.
To determine the age of one month old piglet is easy. At this time, the sows still have distinct milk lobes. If milk feeding is discontinued, and the visually bruised baby has a weight of about 3.5 kg, then this is the first sign that it will not work as a producer of purebred offspring.
You can learn more by reading the article "On the breeding of Vietnamese pigs at home for a beginner."
High performance sows
Deciding to take up this area in the pig, carefully calculate all the possible pros and cons. Determine whether such a breeding of the swine pigs is beneficial for you.
Despite the fact that Vietnamese sows give birth to offspring quite easily and independently clean the babies from the remnants of fruit bags, breeders should be given special attention to this moment.
On the first day after farrowing, you need to take care that every visually bastard baby gets access to the mother's nipples and gets drunk with the colostrum produced by the pig. If this does not happen, the natural immunity of the piglets will become weakened, which can lead to their painful condition and even death.
Quite often, the breeder falls on the duty of castration of growing piglets. Young animals need to be vaccinated, without which you cannot sell it to other breeders.
Nevertheless, the high rate of achievement of reproductive age and the fecundity of sows makes this type of business quite profitable.
Wild boar castration and livestock vaccination
If you decide to start growing fish from the swine for meat, you should also learn how to choose the individuals that can give a high weight gain. It is best to acquire piglets of a month and a half who have already received vaccinations against infectious diseases. Despite the good immunity of pigs of this breed, timely vaccination helps protect them from worms and parasites.
Obligatory castration of wild boar bred for meat not only increases the growth rate of boars, but also simplifies the process of their keeping. A non-neutered animal on reaching reproductive age, which occurs at 4-5 months after birth, becomes very aggressive. It is able to arrange fights, injuring other piglets, as well as cover a female who is not ready for the production of offspring.
Moreover, very often the meat of an uncastrated wild boar has a very dense structure and an unpleasant smell. In some cases, it is generally impossible to eat and must be used only for feeding other animals. Read more in the article "On the castration of Vietnamese pigs."
With pigs everything is easier. They are very clean, not aggressive and quickly gain slaughter weight, especially if the breeder has given him all the necessary vaccinations on time and they do not get sick.
Feed is not only grass
In spite of the fact that Vietnamese vislobryushie piglets belong to herbivorous pigs, it will be wrong to limit their ration to one greenery during industrial rearing. In this case, it is very difficult to achieve a high gain in muscle mass.
Professional pig breeders recommend that after the Vietnamese piglets reach the age of one month, they should start giving them a variety of baits containing vitamins, as well as calcium and phosphorus to strengthen the skeletal system. Up to 20% of the diet "Vietnamese" should be cereals, roots, other vegetables and fruits.
The digestive system allows low-fat piglets to eat little by little, but often enough. At the same time, almost all nutrients contained in the feed are well absorbed.
Due to the peculiarities of nutrition, the meat of the piglets becomes soft and juicy. It is in high demand in retail chains and markets, giving the breeder a good profit. For more details on this, see the article "On feeding Vietnamese pigs at home."
Simple treatment and compulsory vaccination
In contrast to the rearing of traditional breed pigs, Vietnamese visually blasted piglets do not require special care and treatment. Most often, problems with digestion occur in babies who have switched from feeding mother's milk to adult feed. In this case, they should add the usual "Smekta" or "Biovit" to the feed.
Extremely rare colds should be treated only after consulting a veterinarian. He may offer to enter into the diet of additional foods and vitamins. strengthening the body of a pig.
To prevent helminth infections, timely vaccination is recommended. The drug Ecomectin is injected under the skin of the piglets, and with ordinary feeds, Albendozol can be given.
Because of their special cleanliness, Asian pigs are almost never spreading intestinal diseases and worms, but they should be protected as much as possible from contact with small rodents, insects and birds (especially pigeons), which are carriers of dangerous diseases.
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