There are certain features that are associated with the maintenance of Vietnamese piglets in the winter. Differs and feeding the fish in the cold season. Not only the amount of feed, but also the diet. The climate of central Russia is quite tough, and it is difficult for pigs to tolerate low temperatures in hives bred in Southeast Asia. With the wrong care, they can start to get very sick and even die, causing serious damage to their owners.
Highly productive Vietnamese pigs
The breed of Vietnamese vislobord pigs was artificially bred in the 60s of the last century in Southeast Asia by crossing wild species living in the mountains of Vietnam and Thailand.
These are herbivorous pigs that have a strong innate immunity. Their breeding is very profitable, they perfectly adapt to life in any conditions, but they do not tolerate frosts and drafts.
The Vietnamese piglets belonging to the breeds of meat pigs are very fast-growing and very fast, reaching a weight of 70-80 kg by 7-8 months. At the same time, the costs of their maintenance may be several times lower than the care of pigs of ordinary breeds.
The diet of Vietnamese fattening piglets by 80% may consist of grass, weeds and hay. In the winter, they are fed up with dried corn stalks, which, under normal conditions, the farmer needs to recycle, as well as pumpkin, zucchini and raw potatoes.
Do not like cold and drafts
If you decide to start breeding Vietnamese pigs, then, first of all, you should take care of a warmed pigsty in which pigs will feel comfortable throughout the year.
It is best to build a separate building of wood or brick. It must have high ceilings and an excellent ventilation system. Visrubry pigs are very fond of the abundance of fresh air, but they are afraid of drafts that must be avoided.
You can equip the ventilation shaft, but can also be used for electric air conditioning, which, however, will significantly increase your level of costs.
Best of all, if you are engaged in the cultivation of Asian vislobrew pigs you make in the pigsty several tight-fitting windows. They can be used to ventilate the room while animals are walking outside, and the sunlight penetrating inside will have a beneficial effect on the health of the pigs.
The pigsty needs heating
The most optimal is to maintain a constant temperature of +20 degrees Celsius in the pigsty. With such a temperature regime, Vietnamese piglets have an excellent appetite and quickly gain weight.
As stated above, they do not tolerate cold. And if in summertime it may be necessary to reduce the temperature with the help of additional ventilation, in the winter the content of Vietnamese pigs requires additional heating.
Therefore, experienced breeders at the stage of construction of the pigsty take into account the possibility of heating it with gas or wood-burning stoves.
Industrial pig breeding involves the use of various electrical heating systems, although for private properties it is extremely expensive and unprofitable. In addition, failing household electrical appliances can provoke a fire that can cause enormous damage to the farm and destroy all the livestock of high-fat pigs.
Make wood flooring
Vietnamese pigs do not like to dig the ground, so the floor of the pigsty can be made of carefully rammed clay. But it is better to fill the floor with concrete, with the presence of grooves, which will drain the waste products of your pets.
So that the piglets do not freeze in winter, at least two-thirds of the floor of the pigsty should be covered with boards. Together with the straw bedding, they will protect the pigs from the cold, keeping them warm and allowing the visually blasted pets to lie down and not freeze during the winter months.
Ideally, a small pigsty should be divided into three zones:
- playground with machines in which animals will rest at night;
- walking area for daytime activities;
- pits with warm water for daily washing.
In winter, over a pen is recommended to make a shed of sackcloth, which would be better to retain heat and protect animals from hypothermia.
Vietnamese piglets in winter and summer love to walk, for which they must spend most of their daylight outdoors.
Unfortunately, during the period of winter cold it becomes impossible. Some farmers still release piglets for a short while, even during the period of snowfall. In most cases, animals like these walks very much, but practice them often is not recommended.
The structure of the body of Vietnamese piglets provides for the presence of short legs and sagging belly, hanging almost to the ground. Contact with parts of the body by its snow-cooled surface leads to the rapid freezing of the animal. Even if externally the hog or mumps do not look as such, overcooling of internal organs can carry serious risks to their health, and this should be avoided.
Therefore, Vietnamese pigs in the winter should spend more time in his pigsty. The farmer needs to provide good room lighting using electric lamps. In the daytime in the pigsty should be light at least 10-12 hours, which is very helpful windows and fluorescent lamps.
If the low-fat piglets do not have enough light, they may develop an oppressed state, their appetite will deteriorate and the rate of weight gain will decrease.
Even a small total walking area inside the farm will improve the condition of these mobile and sociable animals with a peace-loving character, simplifying the process of caring for them.
Read more in the article "Vietnamese visrubry pigs: maintenance and care."
Have a great appetite
Now let us tell you what the Vietnamese piglets are fed in winter.
Vietnamese pigs are unpretentious in feeding. The best dressing is considered to be dried corn stalks, which the pigs chew with pleasure and digest well. They also eat hay of cereal plants with a big appetite, especially if there are grains in it, which are a favorite delicacy of high-fat pigs. This is usually 70% of the diet.
For faster growth, it is recommended to give a visorous bog piglets, squash, raw potatoes, as well as tops of agricultural plants.
You need to be extremely careful with fodder beet, an excessive amount of which can provoke bloating in the piglets.
How to brew porridge for feeding
Proper cultivation of Vietnamese pigs provides that about 20% of the daily ration should be porridge, steamed on the basis of pre-crushed grain mixtures.
The digestive system of the viscous breech piglets is very short. When eating whole grains, it is practically not absorbed by the body and comes out of it, along with fecal masses.
Therefore, it is best to steam the porridge from ground to grain flour. At home, you need to take 4 kg of feed or grain mixture, which is poured 8 liters of boiling water. Container with porridge is placed in a warm place for 12 hours, after which it can be given in small portions for food to animals.
Usually at home the breeding of fattening pigs in the fatty breeder requires feeding twice a day in the summer and 3 times in the winter. After the pig has eaten, the remains need to be cleaned.
Vietnamese piglets love to eat delicious. If porridge will be more than necessary, then they will begin to select individual grains from it. The rest of the pigs just chew and spit, thus contaminating their paddock area.
In winter, the visually bruised pigs consume a large amount of water, which should always be unlimited in water troughs. Drinking water should be purified and heated.
Features care for adults
Care for adult Vietnamese pigs requires compliance with certain rules. The spur and boar sows should be kept in different pens, allowing each other only during the mating season.
Due to the fact that animals reach sexual maturity by the age of 4 months, pigs and hay-barrels need to be kept separate. It is necessary to watch very carefully so that the sow that is not ready for fertilization does not cover the growing visually bastard pig.
That is why it is necessary to conduct timely castration of fattening young animals, which can be found in the article "On the Vietnamese piglet's castration".
Producers left for breeding should not simultaneously be in the same free-standing zone. These large and very aggressive animals will definitely fight among themselves, demonstrating their primacy in the pigsty.
An adult boar has fangs up to 15 cm long, which can be a very serious weapon. Usually at an early age, the fangs break off, although not all livestock breeders consider this correct.
Care for pregnant females in winter
Breeding pigs for sale provides for keeping several sows and boars in a pig farm that will be crossed during the onset of hunting in pigs.
A gestation period in a pig lasts for 4 months. Experienced farmers try to do the mating in the fall, so that the pregnancy period falls on the winter months, and the young growth was born in early spring. It is with the onset of spring that a large amount of green appears, the peak of demand for grown up piglets and pigs comes. At this time, the livestock breeder can sell a pig at the best price, earning decent money.
A pregnant Vietnamese sow in the winter should receive enhanced nutrition, as her body can develop from 12 to 18 piglets. In her diet should be grain mixtures consisting of barley, wheat and rye, and the amount of easily digestible by the body of barley, peas and corn should be limited.
The fact is that a visually bog pig in a state of pregnancy does not move much and quickly gains live weight. Feeding corn, barley and peas can cause obesity, significantly complicating the process of childbirth.
Provide enhanced nutrition for sows
Sometimes inexperienced livestock breeders are mistaken in their calculations, and Vietnamese piglets are born at the peak of cold weather. In order to save the life of every piglet from the litter, in the delivery machine it is required to raise the temperature to + 30 + 32 degrees Celsius.
To do this, you can use electric heaters, or turn on the red lamp. The condition of the heaters must be carefully monitored to prevent fires.
In the first few days of feeding babies, it is necessary to bring sows to the breast at least once every three hours, and after 10 days you should gradually accustom them to adult feed.
You can read more about this in the article “How can you feed Vietnamese piglets”.
In order for a pregnant Vietnamese sow to produce a sufficient amount of milk, it must receive an enhanced diet, including liquid and semi-liquid cereals, steamed on whole cow's milk or skim milk. Excellent results are obtained by adding raw chicken eggs to porridge.
Hope for immunity, but do not forget to feed
Fearing low temperatures, visually bruised people may catch a cold as a result of hypothermia. This can trigger the development of infectious diseases. Therefore, taking up the breeding of Vietnamese pigs, you should not rely on their strong immunity in everything.
In addition to maintaining an acceptable temperature regime in the pigsty, one should not forget about the enhanced feeding of animals, which must accumulate an extra layer of fat, which warms them in the cold.
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Write in the comments about your own experience of keeping lop-eared pigs in the winter.