Industrial breeding of Vietnamese pigs at home can bring high incomes, which is associated with a high level of profitability of keeping these animals. Whistling piglets feed mainly on grass and tops of agricultural plants, which usually need to be taken to landfills. They are growing rapidly, gaining 60 kilograms or more of live weight by slaughter age, and their fat-free meat is very popular among gourmets.
Asian visrubry pigs, which received the general name of Vietnamese, appeared in Russia in the early 2000s and immediately attracted the attention of specialists with their industrial characteristics.
The main advantage of Vietnamese high-swine pigs is their herbivores. There are cases when the owners of private farms completely transferred animals to the herbal diet, and they felt great. True, the increase in muscle mass of Vietnamese piglets at the same time is rather slow, and the quality of the pork itself leaves much to be desired.
Therefore, the cultivation of Vietnamese pigs requires the mandatory feeding of animals with cereals made on the basis of grain mixtures. Considering that the top dressing does not exceed 20% of the total amount of food consumed by the piglet, the cost of meat and fat turns out to be much lower than similar indicators typical of representatives of ordinary breeds.
Early maturing high performance pigs
Due to the high demand for fattening piglets, Vietnamese piglet breeding has become very popular at home, in which sows and boars are kept in a private household.
An amazing feature of animals of this breed is their precocity. Already in 3.5-4 months, the Vietnamese pig becomes ready to mate and can produce offspring. The gestation period in visually boggy sows is about 118-120 days, which makes it possible to get at least two pig litters per year.
In the first litter, the sow will give birth to 5-10 piglets, and already from the next the number of babies increases to 12 or more. It is considered normal if a middle-aged pig gives 24 pigs per year, although older females are able to give birth to 18 pups at a time.
Given that the life span of Vietnamese pigs can reach 30 years, of which at least 20 years females produce offspring, the acquisition of several pigs for divorce can be a very profitable long-term financial investment.
Prohibition of close breeding
At the first stages of breeding Vietnamese pigs in Russia, novice breeders often allowed close breeding of animals, which is absolutely impossible to do.
With such a cross, the sow leads weakened piglets with various deformities. Postpartum mortality increases significantly, babies grow slowly. They need more time to achieve industrial conditions, which inevitably affects the cost and cost of meat.
Unscrupulous breeders allow cross-bred pigs to crossbreed with representatives of other breeds, resulting in mestizas that are significantly different in appearance from Vietnamese.
It is the hybrids called the people of Korean and Chinese pigs. They have almost the same industrial characteristics of meat and lard, but in some parameters may differ significantly from the Vietnamese. This leads to frequent complaints from farmers raising pigs for meat.
Experts in the field of pig breeding strongly recommend buying boars and sows for breeding in various farms. Best of all, if the pigs will be from different regions, which will significantly reduce the risk of acquiring closely related animals.
Love the light and plenty of air.
If you decide to engage in the breeding of breech pigs, then first consult with experts who will give practical recommendations to get stronger offspring from sows.
It is extremely important to properly equip the pigsty, where pregnant Vietnamese pigs, boars and dairy pigs will spend their time. It is best to rebuild for this purpose a separate building of brick or wood.
The room for their maintenance should be spacious and have very good natural ventilation. You can also install special hoods, but this will significantly increase costs, making your business unprofitable.
There should not be any drafts in the pigsty at all, since they have a very negative effect on the physical condition of dairy pigs.
Visrubry pigs are characterized by mobility and love sunlight. Therefore, in the pigsty it is desirable to have several glazed windows that can be opened in the summer. If there are no sources of natural light, then it is necessary to equip artificial lighting, which should work at least 10-12 hours a day (in the daytime).
The article "The maintenance of Vietnamese piglets at home" reveals all the details of the arrangement pigsty.
It is important to provide warmth in winter.
Visrubry pigs easily tolerate the temperature of central Russia, but they can freeze in cold winters. In order to avoid overcooling of animals participating in breeding, a gas or furnace heating system should be provided in the pigsty. You can install electrical appliances, but it will be a very expensive pleasure.
For the maintenance of Vietnamese sows and producers on a pig farm, a temperature of about +20 degrees Celsius should be maintained, and in the first days after farrowing, a temperature of + 30 + 32 degrees Celsius should be maintained in the machine with small pigs.
The floor in the pigsty can be made of carefully rammed clay, as Vietnamese pigs do not like to dig the ground. But it is better to immediately pour it with concrete, building small grooves for urine flow. Concrete floor will simplify the cleaning process, significantly reducing the time spent on this.
Reproductive pigs are walking separately.
At least two-thirds of the pigsty should be covered with a plank floor, on which machines for sows and boars should be placed. Optimal for each vislobrew sow is a pen of 4.5-5 square meters. m. In it, she will arrange a nest in which she can raise offspring for a month.
For Vietnamese manufacturers, a 3 square meter machine is considered sufficient. m. It must have a strong fence, because not castrated boars are strong and aggressive.
To maintain good health, Vietnamese pigs should be able to walk for many hours each day. If, when raising animals for meat, the size of the walking area is not less than 1 weave per piglet, then for manufacturers' walking, the size of the territory may be smaller.
Pregnant pigs with babies should walk separately from the boars, which are capable of causing serious injury to the pigs and even kill them.
It is strictly forbidden to let out at the same time in the walking area of two boars, which are sure to arrange a fight and can seriously injure each other.
The walking area should be comfortable
When arranging a walking area for Vietnamese producing pigs and dairy pigs, it is necessary to provide for the presence of a sufficient number of drinkers with clean water. Visrubury boars love to scratch their backs on the fence, which can even break. To avoid this, one or several thick logs should be dug in.
Neat Vietnamese pigs love to wallow in the mud to get rid of annoying insects. If you arrange one or more mud pools in the walking area, this will be a big plus.
It is best to sow the area walking grass. Your pets will be happy to tweak it, eating. The standard homemade Vietnamese pig breeding guidelines for beginners indicate that there should be plenty of grass in the walking area, including weeds and tops of agricultural plants.
Pay special attention to what kind of greens are fed to animals, not worth it. Even milk-smelting piglets at the genetic level are capable of distinguishing poisonous plants among all others, and they never eat them, bypassing them.
Cover with multiple manufacturers
Determining whether a period of hunting at a visrubry pig is easy enough. The following signs demonstrate this:
- the female becomes restless;
- the animal loses its appetite;
- the region of the genital loop swells, discharge of mucus begins;
- when resting on the back with a hand, the pig, ready to cover, freezes and does not budge.
If, in the presence of the first two signs, the pig goes away, it means that the hunt has not begun and it is too early to reduce it to the manufacturer.
Ready-for-mating, viscera-swine pigs are released into the freezing area along with the boar-producer. No assistance to animals in carrying out the natural procedure is required.
For stronger offspring, it is recommended to consistently cover a visobalous sow with several boars, but their number should not exceed three (usually this number of producers is optimal for a mini-farm for breeding piglets).
If the insemination process did not take place, then after 22 days the pig will begin to hunt again. In this case, for mating you need to take a different manufacturer.
When copulating human help is not required
The reproduction of Vietnamese pigs is not a particularly difficult process, although it requires compliance with certain rules. Despite the fact that most pigs are ready for mating already at the age of 3.5-4 months, it is strongly not recommended to cover them until they weigh 30-35 kg. Smaller pigs can give birth to non-viable offspring, and you just lose your time and money.
During the hunt, the Vietnamese pig can get more milk or skim milk, and during pregnancy, food should be balanced to prevent obesity and miscarriages.
Boars also require enhanced nutrition, especially before covering females. For grain cereals it is recommended to add chicken eggs, as well as a milk replacer milk replacer.
When pig litter need help
Approximately one day before the onset of labor, the pig begins to behave restlessly and begins to equip the maternity ward, removing the contaminated litter from it, its belly dropping. and the nipples swell and turn red. The female loses her appetite, and when you press her nipples, colostrum starts to stand out from her.
Farrowing usually proceeds without complications and lasts from three to ten hours. Vietnamese pig itself takes babies and admits to its nipples.
But it happens that a sow can crush some of the pigs. Some of them do not find the mother's nipple in time and do not receive fatty and fortified colostrum.
Novice pig breeder should take part in childbirth without fail, wiping the piglets, treating their umbilical cord with iodine and removing the afterbirth. Visrubry pigs are characterized by strong immunity, the foundations of which are laid in the first hours after birth.
Therefore, all piglets should have access to colostrum, but this can also cause difficulties. The sow has 12 nipples, but not always all of them are filled with milk. With a large number of piglets, they should be alternately brought to the mother's breast, feeding in the first days at least once every three hours (7-8 times per day).
Sows take foreign babies
In critical cases, when babies are left without the care of the mother, they can be fattened using whole cow or goat milk. But it is best to turn to an experienced veterinarian, who will tell you how to save offspring and grow strong pigs from it.
Usually, Vietnamese lactating sows do not make a special distinction between their and other piglets, and they calmly accept babies from a foreign family. But this issue should be taken very seriously, so that all pigs grown for sale have excellent health and appearance.
Already on the third day, babies need to be given warm purified water, vitamins and supplements, gradually accustomed to adult food. You can read more about this in the article “How can you feed Vietnamese piglets”.
With proper fattening, the piglets should gain a weight of 3-3.5 kg by the month of age, have a plump appearance, bright eyes and high activity.
Do not forget about compulsory vaccination
At cultivation of vislobryushi pigs their timely vaccination against various infectious and parasitic diseases acquires great importance. Despite strong immunity, they require careful maintenance and increased attention.
Often kept on a small private compound, Vietnamese piglets may come in contact with other animals that can tolerate a variety of infections. Therefore, timely vaccinations will help protect their health and avoid possible complaints from customers. Novice pig breeder should not be vaccinated on their own, but rather contact an experienced veterinarian.
Many babies after birth suffer from anemia, and it is necessary on the third day to make them vaccinated with iron preparations. Piglets must be supplemented with vitamin D-rich fish oil and other multivitamin complexes that prevent the development of rickets.
In the first one and a half months of life, compulsory vaccination of Vietnamese piglets against Aujeszky's disease, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, and leptospirosis is required. You can read more about this in the article "Vietnamese visrubury pigs: maintenance and care."
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