Having a good appetite, Vietnamese pigs, whose weight at 6 months is already 50-60 kg, grow very quickly. They have strong immunity against the main infectious diseases characteristic of pigs of other breeds. Their meat is considered to be delicious and contains several times less cholesterol than the usual pork, and thin fat with a thickness of 3.5 cm has a large number of meat layers and has a delicate flavor. Let's take a closer look at how the product is made.
Quickly gaining weight animals
Breeding Vietnamese piglets is considered very beneficial because of the low amount of feed needed to build muscle. This is of great importance for small producers of pork, who do not have sufficient funds for the rapid organization of a pig-breeding farm, or growing animals to feed their families.
Having a strong immunity vislobryukhie pigs practically do not get sick, although they need to be vaccinated against worms. At birth, Vietnamese pigs weigh about 350-600 g, it depends on the number of animals in the litter.
Young pig, giving birth for the first time, brings an average of 5-10 pigs. With each subsequent farrowing, the number of babies increases, reaching 12-18. Naturally, in this case, the animals have smaller sizes, but compensate for this by increased growth, which allows the pig to reach a weight of 3.5-4 kilograms by the age of one month.
When breeding important purebred breed
For novice pig producers who decide to organize the breeding of vislobryushi pigs at their compound, it is extremely important to acquire a piglet that fully corresponds to the characteristics of this breed, which can be found in the article "Vietnamese Pigs and Pigs".
Only in this case, the weight of the piglets by months, which we present in the table below, will correspond to the figures given. When growing hybrids, the results can be quite different.
In order to get strong offspring with mass indices corresponding to a visually blasted breed, remember that:
- it is necessary to acquire manufacturers from breeders living in different regions;
- watch carefully that the piglets clearly show breed traits;
- the weight of the acquired pig must match the stated age;
- he must not have external deformities;
- the animal must be mobile and its eyes shine.
Pre-examine the boar and sow, and in the presence of external deviations from the normal breed, be sure to refuse to acquire pigs.
Proper nutrition accelerates growth
If you in the pigsty really contain Vietnamese vislobryukhie pigs that are not spoiled by closely related breeding, their weight gain will correspond to the average indicators of the corresponding table. And the difference will depend solely on the type of food, as well as the quantity and quality of the feed given.
Despite the fact that the Vietnamese high-swine pig belongs to herbivorous breeds, about 20% of its daily ration should be cereals, steamed on the basis of crushed to a state of grain flour. Such porridges with special pleasure are eaten by growing pigs.
The structural features of the digestive system of piglets of this breed do not allow feeding them with whole grains. Undigested grain very quickly passes through the shortened intestines and goes out with fecal masses. It is practically not absorbed by the body and does not ensure the growth of the animal.
Read more about this in the article "How to feed Vietnamese piglets."
To maturity increase meat
With proper feeding, the Vietnamese pig gains 10 kg by the age of two months. After it begins puberty and a quick set of muscle mass. When feeding grain mixtures and animal feed piglet can gain a day to 350-500 g.
At 3 months, the mumps approaching reproductive age can weigh 20–25 kg. A castration that passed through the procedure and that hurt during the week will not have much weight - 18-20 kg.
A special feature of the Asian pigs imported from Vietnam is their ability to produce offspring at an early age. Pigs reach it by 3-4, and hogs by 4-5 months. When mating plays an important role, how much does the future sow weigh.
It is strongly recommended not to cover females with a weight of less than 35 kg.
During this period, the breeder should decide whether he is going to cook animals for slaughter, or will grow them to an adult state and leave them for breeding.
In both cases, he must transfer pigs to two meals a day in the summer and three meals a day in the winter, adding more barley, wheat and rye to the supplements.
Corn, peas, and oats, which are best absorbed by the body of a bastard pig, give an increase in fat, which is considered impractical at this age.
First bottomhole age
The fourth month of fattening by many breeders is considered the best time for the slaughter of fattening pigs. It is during this period that they begin to explode the growth of muscle tissue.
At 4 months, the pigs weigh 30-35 kg, and the output of pure deli meat is more than 80% of the whole animal carcass. For comparison, in pigs of other breeds, the meat yield does not exceed 66%.
Slaughter of Vietnamese piglets at this age is practiced mainly by owners of small private farmsteads, raising animals for personal use and wishing to minimize the cost of their maintenance. Meat to taste is something between a turkey and ordinary pork. This explains why this product is not particularly popular with gourmets. But lard has a marble structure with thin layers and a delicate flavor.
However, pork and lard are in high demand in the market because they are sold at affordable prices. This allows even a beginner breeder to get a significant profit at minimum cost.
Growth rate decreases from 4 months
If you decide to continue feeding the Vietnamese pig to get more fat and meat, then you should understand that from 5 months and reaching a weight of 40-45 kg they do not grow quickly, mainly accumulating fat.
A large number of tender fatty layers will appear in the meat, and bacon acquires characteristic qualities that add to its popularity with customers. By 6 months, the Vietnamese piglet reaches a mass of 50-60 kg, and the pregnant pig looks slightly taller and larger than other animals from its litter. It should be borne in mind that in the early stages of development, pregnancy in a sow is practically not manifested in any way.
With a standard first cross (at four months of age), signs of pregnancy appear only after 90 days, that is, by the age of 7 months. Until this vislobryuhaya sow will simply grow well, increasing in size. Therefore, the breeder should be very careful not to let the pregnant sow to be slaughtered.
The optimal size for industrial slaughter
At 7 months, the weight of a standard vislobryukhy piglet reaches 60-70 kilograms, and by 8 months - 70-80 kg. In industrial pig breeding this age is considered the most suitable for slaughter, since meat and lard acquire the best taste characteristics. Depending on the diet with such a carcass you can get from 50 to 70 kg of meat.
As a rule, such results without problems are achieved by the owners of large pig farms, which purposefully fatten the high-viscosity animals with compound feeds containing a large amount of protein mass (wheat, rye and barley).
In small subsidiary farms, whose owners feed animals more vegetables, including squash, pumpkin and raw potatoes, as well as less expensive corn, peas and barley, pigs gain more fat.
The thickness of the grease layer on the back of a pig or boar can reach 3.5 cm.
It is inexpedient to keep Vietnamese fattening animals longer, since the pig does not grow, gaining muscle mass, but only accumulates fat, reducing the quality of pork.
If you decide to leave a boar and pigs for divorce, then you should be prepared for the fact that at the age of 10 months the weight of Vietnamese piglets will reach about 80-90 kg. At the same time, they will have a good appetite, absorbing up to 700 grams of cereal per day.
After farrowing, the Vietnamese visually blasted pig first loses weight, giving strength to the babies. The sow feeds piglets with its milk for one and a half months, after which it is ready for new mating for 9-12 days. After being coated by the manufacturer, it will again begin to feed heavily and gain mass.
The usual weight of a one-year-old Vietnamese pig is 100–110 kg, and the maximum weight of the producing boar reaches 120 kg.
If you grow dairy piglets for sale, it is recommended to have three Vietnamese sows and one producer in a small farm. Best of all, if they are purchased from different breeders and have no family ties.
With a double insemination per year, each visually blunt sow results in an average of up to 24 piglets, from which viable offspring will grow, providing the breeder with a stable income.
By the age of two, due to the accumulation of fat, the sow reaches a weight of 135 kg, and the boar can weigh over 160.
Twenty years in one condition
Vietnamese visrubury pigs are known for their lifespan, which is more than 30 years. For 20 of them, sows can bear offspring, and the boar is able to perform its functions for a longer time. At this age, the weight of the animals remains at about the same level (90-100 kg - for the female, 100-120 kg - for the male).
The farmer has the opportunity to determine for himself what age to feed the animals, and when to make them culling. Some experts in the field of pig breeding recommend keeping boar-producers for not more than 1 year, when they have a weight of 90-100 kg. After all, on the approach more young hogs, who already in the six months of age know perfectly well what to do with females.
You can keep a sow up to the moment when it loses its reproductive abilities. But even if the output will be 80-90 kg of meat obtained from an old pig, it will not bring much profit because of its low quality.
Monitor the weight of sows and boars
After reaching the age of two years, the visually blasted pigs should not gain weight. If this happens, the livestock breeder is dealing with obesity. You can fight it by changing the diet of the pig and its more frequent walking. The animal must move a lot and sweat profusely, which will prevent the formation of fat.
Remember that too fat sow can have serious problems with the birth of babies.
On the state of health of the fish-belly animal weight can a lot. If there is a decrease in the weight of the animal, then you should immediately seek the help of a veterinarian. In most cases, this happens due to the infection of pigs with various parasites and other infections that are spread by insects, small rodents and other inhabitants of the private sector.
In order for the livestock of live-bored pigs to grow strong and healthy, one should not forget about vaccinations that are made by representatives of the veterinary service.
If the low-fat piglet is healthy, then it gains weight as standard. This data shows the weight table of Vietnamese pigs by month:
If during the period of growth of viscose-bog pigs their mass is very different from the figures given above, it means that there are problems consisting in illness, improper care or feeding of the animal.
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