The economic benefit of keeping and breeding Vietnamese piglets at home is indisputable. Owners of private farmsteads not for nothing paid attention to the economic profitability of growing small-sized pigs that grow quickly and are owners of juicy delicacies. They are unpretentious in care, eat a little, preferring to eat ordinary grass, weeds and tops of agricultural plants.
Relatively young breed
For the first time about the breed of Asian herbivorous pigs, specially bred for dietary meat, it became known in 1985. It was then that a few low-sprouted piglets were brought from Southeast Asia to Western Europe and the USA. They were strikingly different from other pigs and got the name Vietnamese by the name of the country from which they came.
For several decades, Vietnamese pigs have spread widely. Their breeding and reproduction did not give special concern to livestock breeders, and meat with a small amount of cholesterol became very popular among Europeans.
It turned out that with proper feeding, the cost of meat of the bastard piglets is several times lower than that of pigs of ordinary breeds, and multi-layered bacon almost completely replaced the lard habitual for Russians on the shelves.
Already in the early 2000s, the pigs began to be imported into our country, where they began to be called Vietnamese, Asian, Chinese, and Korean pigs. In fact, they all represent the same breed, and the differences arise as a result of purposeful or improper crossing, including closely related.
Non-conflict pigs with a good appetite
The maintenance and breeding of Vietnamese piglets at home is extremely low cost. Small-sized pigs differ in their friendly nature and almost never conflict with their relatives, which makes it possible to keep them in the common courtyard during daylight hours.
The exception is non-castrated boar-makers. They are aggressive and love to engage in fights with growing pigs, in which they feel potential rivals. It is best to keep fighters separated from other animals, allowing them to mate only for mating.
Herbivorous Vietnamese piglets are able to get their own food and can live, eating only pasture, which is very much in the household. Although it will not quickly gain industrial conditions.
The optimal daily diet is 80% consisting of grass, tops of agricultural plants and hay, to which are added vegetables and cereal from cereal mixtures. Vislobryushie piglets have an excellent appetite and strong immunity, almost without suffering from infectious diseases. Read more in the article "Cultivation of Vietnamese bastard pigs".
Owners of dietary meat
The maintenance of Vietnamese pigs is a very profitable occupation, because in a short time the owner of a private farm is able to get tens of kilograms of high-quality pork, providing it with members of his family for a whole year.
Sometimes Vietnamese meat piglets are called "walking refrigerators" because they can be slaughtered as needed, and an adult pig constantly gains weight, reaching:
- in 5-6 months - 50-60 kg;
- in 7-8 months (recommended slaughter) - 70-80 kg;
- in 10 months - 110-120 kg.
The output of pure meat from the carcass of a piglet-pig is 65-70%, fat is 15-20%, and the amount of waste does not exceed 12-15% (ordinary pigs give 30 percent or more of waste). Depending on the conditions of keeping and feeding, the livestock breeder can regulate the ratio of meat and fat in the carcass.
They are afraid of cold and drafts
The small size of the animals makes the maintenance of Vietnamese piglets simple enough for novice breeders, since any utility rooms of the appropriate size can be used as pigsty. If industrial pig breeding requires the equipment of large-scale brick and concrete farms, then at home, wooden constructions will be perfect for this.
The main requirements for small pig houses are high-quality ventilation in the absence of drafts, good daytime illumination and the possibility of heating the room in winter.
In spite of the fact that Vietnamese visorous breech pigs are resistant to temperature extremes, it can be difficult for them to withstand Russian frosts. Therefore, when arranging a pigsty, it is imperative to provide for the possibility of furnace, gas or electric heating.
During the day, the pigs should spend at least 10-12 hours outside or in good lighting conditions, therefore the presence of glazed windows in the pigsty will be a serious plus.
A large amount of fresh air makes them more mobile, increases the appetite and increase muscle mass, but drafts can lead to the exact opposite result and should be avoided as much as possible.
Do not like to dig the ground
Caring for Vietnamese piglets is simplified by the fact that pigs of this breed do not like to dig the ground. The floor of the pigsty is not required to be concreted without fail, and well-compacted clay allows pigs to cool their bodies during the hot summer months.
Approximately two-thirds of the room in which you plan to keep the piglets at the height of the fish should be covered with boardwalk. The tree will keep warm in the pigsty, and in winter the pigs will be happy to spend their time on it in the winter. Care must be taken that the boards are carefully planed and can not damage the hoof of animals.
A novice pig breeder who decides to start breeding Vietnamese pigs at home should correctly calculate the area of the room necessary for keeping a certain number of animals. All the details in the article "On the breeding of Vietnamese pigs at home for beginners."
Experts recommend dividing the pigsty into several machines, each of which should have an area of no more than 4.5-5 square meters. With the correct standard placement, up to two gilts, or a sow with offspring, can always reside in such a pen.
For the Vietnamese boar manufacturer, it is possible to build a somewhat smaller machine (3 sq. M) that will limit the mobility of an aggressive animal.
Lovers take a walk in the fresh air
Asian piglets are extremely mobile animals that love to move a lot. Therefore, the novice breeder should take care of the construction of an extensive free-range area, the size of which should be at least 1 hundred square meters per pig.
It will be very good if in this area you plant any of their grass varieties that the piglets can eat. Vietnamese pig loves to look for food himself. Therefore, grass, hay, tops or weeds can be scattered throughout the free-standing area, allowing the pigs to move more.
Poisonous plants are not required to choose from greenery, as Vietnamese vislobryushie pigs at the genetic level are able to identify them and never eat.
In the walking area, it is necessary to equip drinkers, in which there should be a large amount of clean water. Whistled pigs love to scratch their backs on various objects. That they did not break the fence, in this area it is desirable to dig into the ground one or more logs. Logs must be thick and able to withstand the mass of an adult wild boar, having 150-160 kg of live weight.
If possible, a mud pool should be arranged, in which, in general, clean piglets will be able to get rid of annoying insects.
You should not joke with vaccinations
When purchasing fattening piglets, you should find out if they are immunized against worms and infectious diseases. This will increase the likelihood that in a few months you will grow healthy pigs whose meat will meet generally accepted quality standards.
Some novice pig producers completely refuse to vaccinate animals and quite often the mumps feel fine up to the bottomhole period starting from 5-6 months. But it should be remembered that such an approach is very dangerous, since once an infection that has "settled" in a pigsty can be very difficult to withdraw, this requires a lot of additional resources.
After the acquisition of Vietnamese vislobryushi piglets need to show the representative of the veterinary service, who will give recommendations on the necessary vaccination, able to protect the animal from worms and other infections.
Timely castration will preserve the taste of meat
Of great importance when breeding low-fat piglets for meat is timely castration of hogs. A feature of pigs of this breed is that by 4-5 months they reach reproductive age and are able to produce offspring.
Castration should be entrusted to the veterinarian and carried out no later than 3.5 months after the birth of the boar. In this case, his body will not produce the hormone testosterone, which increases the aggressiveness of the animal.
It should be remembered that non-neutered Vietnamese boar accumulates substance skatole in the muscle mass, which gives the meat an extremely unpleasant odor and often makes it generally inedible.
Castrated boars can be kept together with females and it is not difficult to care for them. Pigs are calm, balanced, playful and almost never conflict with each other. Their meat is juicy and high taste. Read more in the article "On the castration of Vietnamese pigs."
Grain for quick weight gain
When feeding Vietnamese breed pigs, special attention should be paid to the quality of the grain mixture, from which you will prepare porridge for feeding. For each of the fast-growing pigs, a fast-growing pig should eat a quantity of feed per day corresponding to 2-2.5% of its total weight.
The amount of feed can vary depending on the amount of nourishing cereal mixtures. They can both activate the rapid growth of muscle mass, and provoke the Vietnamese piglet's obesity.
If you want to get more dense, fat-free meat, the piglets should be fed with barley, wheat and rye cereals. For the formation of a larger amount of fat, oats, corn and peas, perfectly assimilated by the body of the pig, are suitable.
40% of barley, 30% of wheat or rye, and 10% of corn, peas, and oats are considered the optimal grain mixture for fattening of the pigs, although each breeder determines the diet of Vietnamese pigs at their discretion and financial capabilities.
The maintenance of sows and manufacturers
If you decide to grow Vietnamese Fold dairy pigs for sale, learn to care for babies, sows and boars.
It is better to keep an adult boar separately, allowing pigs only for fertilization. They should receive an enhanced diet, including whole milk or a milk replacer, as well as chicken eggs that are rich in easily digestible protein.
Walking them is best done individually. This will protect Vietnamese sows, not ready for the production of offspring, from covering
It is strictly forbidden to release two boars at the same time in the walking area. These aggressive animals will necessarily start to clash and can cause each other serious injuries.
A sow that produces up to 12 piglets at a time must also be placed in a separate machine, in which maximum cleanliness must be maintained.
Vietnamese pigs are extremely clean animals and never crap where they sleep. But the litter may be contaminated with babies contained with the mother, and it must be changed periodically.
During the feeding period, a piglet with a visor-bog pig should receive milk, chicken eggs, salt and vitamins, which will increase the quantity and quality of milk produced. Her feeding should be abundant. The breeder needs to make sure that there is always enough warm, purified water in the drinker to form colostrum and milk.
Peculiarities of dairy piglets
The Vietnamese pig, along with the grown up piglets, should be able to go out into the open during the daytime. If there are two or more pregnant sows on the farm, they can be released into the walking area along with the babies. Because of the good-natured and sociable nature of the visually blasted piglets will not conflict with each other. But it is better to divide the walking area into separate sectors.
Dairy pigs mostly feed on mother's milk, but should periodically be accustomed to eating adult food. You can find out about this and many other things by reading the article “How can you feed Vietnamese piglets”.
The maintenance of high-fat pigs in a private farm is simple and cost-effective. It provides an excellent chance to provide the family with high-quality meat and lard, as well as to get a serious income by selling the carcasses of their visually blasted pets on the market.
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