In farms actively apply growth stimulants for pigs, allowing to raise well-fed and early animals. These drugs increase the productive indicators of livestock and improve product quality. With the help of modern drugs can ensure the effective development of animals and strengthen their immunity. In this article we will talk about what specialized additives should be used to improve the quality of meat and profitability of the enterprise.
Animal feed ration
To increase the income from keeping pigs, it is necessary to provide them with a full-fledged diet with plenty of minerals and vitamins for piglet growth. The composition of the daily menu of animals must include feed, containing cereals and legumes.
For quick weight gain pigs need concentrated feed from cereals that have high nutritional value. It is best to give the animals already heat-treated grains, because in its pure form they are poorly processed by the body.
For highly effective fattening pigs used feed, which also includes a premix that provides the animal with important substances. However, only a full diet is often not enough to increase the productivity of pigs. Therefore, there is a need to use in the feeding of special drugs that stimulate their growth.
Types of feed additives
Growth stimulants are substances that contribute to the increase in meat productivity of pigs. This increase occurs above and beyond what is ensured by optimal feeding of animals.
Such feed additives for pigs are divided into 3 types:
- contributing to the speedy digestion of food and its splitting;
- enhancing the absorption of beneficial elements in the intestine;
- affecting protein synthesis and the emergence of new muscle tissue.
Among the additives for the rapid growth of pigs in farms are used hormonal and non-hormonal drugs, enzyme preparations, phosphatides and various dietary supplements. They differ emulsifying, anti-inflammatory, stabilizing, funicidal, antimicrobial properties.
The importance of using mineral supplements
For effective fattening it is necessary to give balanced food to pigs. By the way, this approach does not particularly require an increase in the cost of products.
But to achieve the desired result only by feeding pigs at home with grains and root crops with grass is quite difficult. The use of mineral supplements will significantly accelerate their full growth and development. The use of feed limestone will strengthen the skeletal system, and table salt will significantly improve the appetite of the animal. Bone meal is an excellent prevention against rickets.
Deficiencies arise from the lack of iodine, which is really preventable. In the diet of pigs need to add wood ash and coal, well absorb toxic substances and gases. The composition of the additives include a large amount of sodium, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, iron. Animals should also be provided with lake silt, clay, turf.
With a lack of minerals, animals grow thin, painful and with a small weight gain. In addition to these substances, it is necessary to add to the food bioactive supplements, tablets for better absorption of food and weight gain.
The effect of vitamins on the body of animals
Vitamins for the growth of pigs are organic substances, the presence of which when feeding animals should be mandatory. They contribute to the smooth functioning of various organs.
Used vitamins for pigs have a positive effect on their development, strengthen the immune system of animals. In the case of vitamin A deficiency in individuals, appetite and eyesight rapidly deteriorate. The vulnerability of the mucous membranes increases and intestinal disorders occur. Vitamin D intake contributes to proper bone development. With a lack of vitamin E, the reproductive functions of the body are disturbed, and the skin may become covered in spots of various sizes.
Lack of ascorbic acid leads to a decrease in immunity. Vitamin K deficiency causes the risk of prolonged bleeding upon injury. Lack of B vitamins leads to polyneuritis, anemia and hormonal disruptions. When purchasing vitamins for piglets in a pharmacy, a manual with dosages and a description of the application is attached to each preparation. For more information about the beneficial trace elements for animals can be found in the article "On vitamins for pigs and piglets."
High quality combined feed
One of the most effective methods of fattening pigs is feed. This feed mixture consists of all the nutrients required by the animal, vitamins and minerals.
The additive is made in the form of granules. Most often, the composition of the combined feed includes meat and bone meal, various types of cereals and beans, vitamin and mineral supplement, limestone and salt. The applied feed will allow several times to increase the increase in live weight of pigs.
Granular concentrate has a high nutritional value and contributes to a significant increase in the productivity of animals, as well as their effective development. Also, the combined feed contains a variety of enzyme substances, antioxidants and various flavors to enhance the taste of the mixture. The use of top dressing makes it possible to strengthen the natural resistance to various diseases. Piglets should be given feed with a small percentage of moisture.
Hormonal preparations for animals
Hormonal substances are called anabolic. Thanks to the use of such drugs, the food is better absorbed and the piglet is gaining weight. Male sex hormones are made in the form of injections. The most commonly used are "Retabolil", "Laurobolin", "Nandrolone Decanoate". Preparations should be prickled monthly in the amount of 100 ml per animal. Injections should be inserted into the skin fold behind the ear. For 8-9 months, hormones are fully absorbed by animals.
Frequently used female sex hormones (stilbene) are "Sinestrol" and DES. These hormonal preparations are administered by implantation of a tablet in the subcutaneous ear area, producing an exact calculation of the required dose to the pig according to the instructions. Stilbenes significantly reduce hormones and are completely absorbed within 10 months. With the constant use of hormones, the daily weight gain of an animal is 750-800 g.
The use of non-hormonal additives
The use of non-hormonal stimulants (antibiotics) contributes to the destruction of various viruses and infections in animals. Today most often use "Biovit", "Grizin", "Flavomitsin". The use of such drugs is carried out according to a single instruction, because there are no significant differences between them.
The constant use of special non-hormonal stimulants begins only after the piglets are accustomed to solid feed.
These supplements need to feed pigs on day 11 after birth. Before use, 1 g of the drug should be diluted in 1 liter of cooled boiled water. The dosage is calculated by the weight of each individual pig. The drug is added 2 times a day to food in the amount of 2 mg. When reaching 6 months, the dose increases to 5 mg. Individuals who have reached one year old are given 10 mg of antibiotic.
Special additives for animals
The composition of BMVD for pigs includes many useful trace elements and amino acids. These protein-mineral-vitamin supplements contribute to stable growth and development of animals. With the introduction of drugs in the feeding of the individual rapidly gaining weight and moving more actively. Special tools are used for pregnant females, lactating pigs and different age categories of animals.
PMVS consist of iron, magnesium, sodium, copper, selenium, potassium, iodine, and various vitamins. Supplements are used in 1.5 tablespoons per individual along with dry food or cold mash.
The use of these mixtures helps to better assimilate the feed, the consumption of which per 1 kg increase in pigs is significantly reduced. The main advantage of the tool is its absolute harmlessness. The composition of BMVD consists of 30% of active substances and 70% of bran, mixed with salt.
Premixes for the effective development of individuals
The use of premixes allows to enrich the food for animals with various useful components. The composition of the additives include fine wheat bran, grass meal, oilcake, chalk, mineral elements, amino acids, enzymes.
The use of premixes can improve the health of pigs, relieve nervous tension and effectively eliminate the effects of stress. This drug strengthens the immune system and normalizes metabolic processes, stimulating the active growth of individuals.
Supplements for pigs are divided into the following types:
- vitamin and mineral;
- vitamin and mineral with amino acids.
Use the additive should be after reading the recommendations of the manufacturer. Premixes are actively consumed by lactating sows, which feel an increased need for mineral elements and vitamins.
Tissue growth stimulants
The preparations are made from the liver, pancreas, spleen, animal textiles. These organs are crushed, cooled and cleaned with physiological saline. Next, the emulsion is filtered, sterilized and sealed in the tank. Enzyme stimulants contribute to the better absorption of various nutrients from the feed.
The finished emulsion is injected animals subcutaneously. Only pigs born should use a stimulator 1 time per day, 35 ml each. Small individuals of one month of age should be given 0.1 mg of the drug per 1 kg of weight every 1 week. The introduction of enzyme stimulants completely stop for 9-10 days before the slaughter of the animal.
The disadvantage of this option is the need for frequent injection of the substance. Particular difficulties will be created in pig farms, where there is a large number of pigs.
Phosphatides for animals
Phosphatide substances are produced by cleaning from harmful impurities of oils of vegetable origin. These drugs before use added to feed for pigs. Phosphatides consist of fatty and phosphoric acid, as well as a small amount of polyhydric alcohols. Such a special substance perfectly stimulates the growth and full development of individuals. Also, phosphatides significantly accelerate the collection of live weight in pigs.
The special preparation is most often used for weaned piglets and young pigs. Before using animals, phosphatidic substances should be mixed well with warm water. Young pigs under the age of 4 months should eat 1 g of the drug for 2 times per 1 kg of live weight. Adult pigs that are already over 4 months old are required to take phosphatides in the amount of 0.8 g per 1 kg of live weight.
Use of natural acids
With regular use of natural acids, the immune system of animals improves, and their meat becomes more tasty. Data supplements for the growth of pigs begin to apply from birth to slaughter. These types of drugs include citric, succinic and glutamic acid.
Supplements give pigs daily in an amount of 30 mg per 1 kg of animal weight. The drugs are added to the water or when feeding pigs. Natural acids actively saturate the food of animals with healthy microelements, minerals and various vitamins, rapidly increasing the growth of piglets.
Through the use of such drugs, muscle and fatty tissues grow much faster. However, due to the fact that natural acids are not food, they should only be consumed in conjunction with daily food.
When pigs are fattening in full compliance with all the rules of high-quality housing and a full-fledged diet, you can get a quick weight gain in livestock. Animal feed using beneficial trace elements, BMVD, premixes, natural acids will significantly improve the quality of pig production.
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