Young animals are particularly susceptible to the disease of erysipelas in pigs. The symptoms and treatment at home of this inflammation, rather, are a guide to first aid. Infection is especially dangerous because it can spread to other farm animals or to personnel. Therefore, it is dangerous to self-medicate the virus. But this knowledge can help save the pig if you don’t have the vaccine or the vet will not be able to come. However, always remember the safety and security standards.
First steps for symptoms
If you suspect a pig mug, at home you can only alleviate the suffering of the animals before the arrival of the veterinarian and prevent the spread of infection. The first symptoms of pathology are similar to the urticaria - a less dangerous disease. However, do not neglect simple, but effective methods of first aid.
First, you should immediately treat the room with one of the following solutions: bleach, hot caustic soda, hot soda ash. Any of these disinfectants effectively kill pathogens of erysipelas accumulating in pig pens. If an erysipelas virus is suspected, treatment should be started immediately to prevent the spread of infection.
Secondly, pigs with suspected erysipelas need to give an enema, since constipation is one of the attendant complications of this virus. It is recommended to start the procedure with young piglets, as their bodies are less hardy. One animal should be administered 1-2 liters of water, depending on age. For adults, the volume of fluid should be increased.
Compresses with erysipelas - first aid
It is important to remember that the treatment of erysipelas in pigs is possible only with the help of serum and medicines, but it is quite possible to alleviate the condition of the animal with folk remedies. Now, we will not dwell in detail on the use of the vaccine, since this is described in the article “How to vaccinate pigs with a serum.” The methods described below are emergency and will work in the situation when there is no special medicine on hand.
The easiest way to help a pig during erysipelas is to make an acetic compress. To do this, dilute 1 bottle of 9% vinegar in a bucket (10 l) of water, soak a thick cloth with this solution and wrap the animal. For a compress fit and leaves yarrow. Boil the grass in boiling water, cool to an acceptable temperature and apply on the affected areas.
If a strong tumor appears during an illness, then a chalky compress will help to remove it. Sprinkle the skin with powdered chalk and tie the pig with a thick cloth. It is especially effective in treating piglets, but also for chalk to adult pigs will help alleviate the suffering.
Farm activities and associated restrictions
At home, special attention should be paid not to how to treat erysipelas in pigs, but to quarantine actions in the household and ways to prevent an epidemic. The treatment is carried out by means of the vaccine and folk remedies described above. In the farm, where cases of erysipelas are recorded, some restrictions are imposed and cleaning measures are taken.
If an outbreak of erysipelas is observed on a pig farm, the first thing to be done is to disinfect all the rooms and isolate apparently healthy pigs from sick animals. Above, we have already talked about which solutions to use for disinfection. We draw your attention to the fact that it is necessary to wash not only the floor, but also the walls, and this procedure should be done with special care.
As for the restrictions, until the complete elimination of the virus on the farm impose the following restrictions prohibiting: the export of meat, piglets, feed, any household items. These prohibitions are valid until the complete destruction of the virus, and only veterinary-sanitary control can remove them.
If there is no vet
When, for any reason, there is no veterinarian at the pig farm, the piglets can also be cured on their own if you have the necessary medicines. For home treatment of the virus, you will need serum against swine erysipelas and one of the following drugs: bitsilin-3, potassium or sodium penicillin salt, or bicillin-5.
If you use penicillin for the treatment of erysipelas, it should be diluted with saline. It is administered every 12 hours intramuscularly until the pig shows signs of recovery. But, without serum, you can not save the animals, so the vaccine should always be on the farm. Read more in the article "Symptoms and treatment of erysipelas in a pig."
Penicillin, similar drugs and serum against swine erysipelas, put a big strain on the heart. Therefore, in the treatment of animals give drugs that normalize the work of the cardiovascular system, for example, caffeine.
Actions depending on the symptoms
If the manifestation of erysipelas on the farm does not turn out to be a veterinarian, then the infected piglets must be given first aid. Further actions depend on how the animal's body copes with the virus. There are several recommendations that can facilitate the course of the disease.
So, if the pigs do not stop vomiting, then they need to enter 4 ml of metoclopramide. At high and prolonged temperatures, 4 ml analgin or 2 ml papaverine intramuscularly will help. Paracetamol and ibuprofen help with erysipelas. They can be stirred in the water given to the piglets. Intoxication can be stopped with hydrocortisone. On one animal 2-3 vials per injection.
Knowledge of the action of drugs will help you cope with unforeseen situations during illness. But, if possible, consult a veterinarian, at least by phone.
If a farm faces virus is detected, the farm will be closed for 30 days. After a month, re-check for the presence of the disease and remove the quarantine in case of successful passage of the test.
Spread of the disease and favorable climate for the virus
At risk for erysipelas are pigs from 3 months to a year. Newborn piglets are more resistant to the virus, since immunity is given to them with sow milk. In favorable farms, animals are less at risk of infection than on those farms where sanitary and hygienic norms are neglected.
The erysipelas virus is manifested under the influence of such factors as: increase in air temperature, humidity, decrease in the level of ventilation or abrupt diet change. When changing these aspects, the disease "awakens" and enters the body of animals. Ways of infection can be very different:
- meat of unhealthy livestock;
All this can be a carrier of erysipelas and many other viral infections. That is why in pig farms it is recommended to carry out preventive measures designed to reduce the risk of infection.
Caring for animals - the best prevention of viral infections
On farms where piglets are bred, much attention is paid to cleanliness. Pigs are associated with dirt, in practice, these animals do not tolerate poorly cleaned rooms and get sick because of this. If you do not get out in the pigsty, the pigs can catch a lot of diseases leading to death. In addition, farms with a high mortality rate are recognized as unfavorable and close, which bears huge losses.
In order for the pigs to stay healthy, you should take good care of them, observe the heat regime, air the room and give them only high-quality food. In the pig houses should be regularly and carefully cleaned using disinfectants. In addition, in the pig farms they regularly disinsect - they destroy insects, and deratization - they moor rodents.
If the erysipelas "leaked" to the farm, infected piglets should be immediately separated from the healthy pigs and given them first aid. In quarantine, healthy pigs undergo revaccination, and sick animals are treated by a veterinarian and described in. If you have something to share with novice breeders, be sure to write comments, share your experience and help each other find answers to your questions.
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