Make contracts for the sale of cattle can individuals and legal entities. Sale or donation of cattle is clearly regulated by the legislative bodies of the Russian Federation. According to the rules of the transaction, the animal is property that can be transferred to third parties after the signing of a special contract. This article will contain the main points of the documents to be drafted, as well as the peculiarities of their preparation and possible conditions for termination of agreements.
According to the rules for drawing up a contract for the sale and purchase of livestock, at the very beginning of the agreement the passport details of both parties are detailed if they are private individuals. If the organization, the details of each company. The following describes the essence of the agreement, namely, follows the description of the goods, which the seller undertakes to transfer to the buyer, subject to the latter all obligations.
The contract must be spelled out all the features realizable live goods. The key requirements for completing the document are the following:
- indication of the name, breed and age of the animal;
- clarification of personal data of livestock (nickname, weight, brand, number, ear tag), which will help to identify each individual;
- an indication of the exact weight and physiological characteristics of the individual;
- application of veterinary certificate, proving the absence of animal infections.
Terms and methods of payment
The seller is the guarantor of the fact that the product sold by him is his property and is not the subject of any dispute. Special attention should be paid to the rights and obligations of each of the parties.
The price indicated for the sale of the animal must be paid by the buyer within 7 days after signing the contract (the time period can be changed individually). The transfer of funds takes place via bank transfer or other means specified in the contract.
With proper preparation of the document, the purchase of cattle will take place without the appearance of controversial issues between the buyer and the seller. The form must clearly identify the date of signing the transaction and the obligations of each party.
For a sample design contract for the sale of a cow, you can take any sample form.
By agreement of both parties
As a rule, the cost of transporting animals is paid by the buyer, but by agreement, the material costs can be paid by the seller. Such circumstances sometimes appear in the event that the distributor has personal transport or certain opportunities to independently deliver the goods.
Often, several different animals are the subject of sale, but the transfer of even a whole livestock by agreement can be executed in one form. All parties must strictly follow the rules, as in the case of non-compliance, the contract can be terminated by any of the participants unilaterally.
Provided that the purchase of cattle provides for the transportation of animals from abroad, the seller must put all livestock in quarantine for 30 calendar days. The livestock is paid in a specialized place by the buyer.
Rules for the transport of cattle
To transfer the goods to the seller, you must determine the conditions of delivery of animals to the buyer. In circumstances where the seller’s and the buyer’s farms are in close proximity, the purchase-sale agreement is simplified, since the goods are not to be delivered by carriage.
Otherwise, one of the main points of the contract is the terms of livestock transportation. Transportation should not harm or threaten the life and health of animals. That is why specialized livestock trucks are used for these needs.
Transportation by motor transport, which lasts no more than 6 hours, is considered to be simplified, because during this period of time, animals can not be fed. If the duration of the trip is delayed for more hours, a stop is made. All livestock need to feed and water. The cattle truck is cleaned from manure and other animal life objects.
Rules of transportation of cattle also depend on what kind of livestock is the subject of sale. That is, the contract for the delivery of mature bulls and cows may differ from those where it is necessary to transport calves.
For mature animals, it is enough just to arrange a place where they could turn around if necessary. But under the circumstances that imply shipping cargo of pregnant cows and young stock, it is mandatory to spread hay into the back of a transport, and each individual of the livestock is tied. The creation of such conditions will reduce the risk of severe stress in calves and minimize the onset of premature labor in cows.
Vehicle for transportation of cattle
Under the law of the Russian Federation, a rented vehicle for transporting cattle must comply with the following rules:
- a car with an additional trailer must be technically correct; there are no sticking nails or other objects that can maim animals in the body;
- any carriage of cows takes place exclusively in pre-washed and disinfected machines;
- for loading livestock, it is necessary to equip a special ladder and create ventilation and artificial lighting inside the body.
For contract templates for the transportation of calves and pregnant buryonkas, installation of special binding rings in the body of the truck is also considered a mandatory item. Shipping charges are usually payable by the buyer.
The seller can take advantage only of those leased cattle trucks that are officially registered with the government. The machine must pass a strict technical inspection.
Reasons for termination of the contract
According to the standard form of the contract, the seller undertakes to deliver the goods to the place specified in the contract within 10 calendar days after completion of the quarantine. The cattle becomes the property of the buyer, provided that the latter has paid the amount specified in the agreement in full and paid the rent of the truck.
The seller must not only transport the animals, but also confirm with the veterinary certificate the fact that the individuals did not receive injuries during transportation. If all parties have fulfilled their obligations, an act of receiving and transferring the goods is drawn up, and the transaction is considered completed. In case of non-compliance with the terms of the contract, the agreement is subject to termination unilaterally or by mutual agreement.
Accepting the goods, the buyer signs in the act that does not have claims to the seller. At the same time, the implementing party may prevent these actions and insist on termination of the contract. Such circumstances most often appear in the event that the buyer has not paid the costs of transportation or the price for animals in full.
The contract for grazing and rental of cowsheds
It is very important for the health of the cows that the animals systematically visit pasture. In circumstances where the farmer cannot provide the conditions for the cows on their own, an agreement on livestock grazing is drawn up. The form of the above agreement is governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
In the contract for grazing, the tenant must accurately describe the characteristics of each individual, indicating the exact breed of animal, weight or serial number of the cow.
By signing the agreement, the shepherd undertakes to make the pasture of healthy animals during the daytime for a period of time clearly defined in the contract. If one of the individuals becomes ill, the latter undertakes to notify the host.
The shepherd must be present near the cattle all the time allotted for grazing. Under the circumstances that the cow was physically injured or lost, disappearing from the field of view, he is personally liable for the animal. This item must be specified in the contract for grazing.
Natural disaster - a separate item
Make a lease of the barn much easier. To do this, the landlord must provide only the technical characteristics of the room and determine the monthly fee for its commissioning. The tenant, in turn, undertakes to ensure the safety of the premises and pay the price for the use of the building in time in full (or in part, if it is stated in the agreement).
According to the rules regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, clauses regarding natural disasters are separately stated in the contract. For example, if a strong wind blows the roof of the barn, the tenant will not be guilty. In such circumstances, the cost of restoring the construction object will be covered by the building owner or the insurance company (if the property was previously insured).
All users who have ever participated in the drafting of the contract of sale of livestock, we ask you to leave a review, which will describe the details of the transaction.
If you only have to sell or buy animals, and the information spelled out in this article turned out to be useful, be sure to share the link with your friends.