For those who are accustomed to rural life and are not afraid of difficulties, growing steers for meat will become a profitable business. Properly organized process, good conditions of maintenance and ration, thoughtful business plan, the presence of its own suburban area are important factors that make it possible to grow a small calf in a short period of time. This activity does not require large expenditures at the beginning; it is characterized by quick payback and a large sales market.
How to register activities in the initial stages
If you grow one or several bulls for your needs and partially sell surplus meat, then no permits will be required. The only necessary certificate for the sale of veal or beef on the market will be a conclusion from the sanitary-epidemiological service.
In the case when a person is going to start growing calves for meat, he needs to register as an individual entrepreneur. Such a business will require sufficient activity aimed at providing sales. At the same time, it is better to constantly expand markets.
You should choose the type of tax when registering with the tax inspectorate. In addition, you need to obtain the necessary documents from the veterinary service. It is on their basis that it is allowed to organize the sale of farmed animals and meat products to shops and restaurants. In this case, a certificate from the veterinarian is required for each batch of meat.
The issues of effective acquisition of animals
From the very beginning it is important to take care of buying a healthy steer from a reliable supplier. To do this, it is better to contact the local farmers who are engaged in breeding cattle. Before you buy animals, you must carefully inspect the cattle, choose the best individuals. Planning a purchase is better for the warm months of spring.
For successful cultivation of bulls for meat as a business, it is better to prepare in advance, therefore, it is advisable for the farmer to start working with a small number of calves. This will allow you to learn how to care for animals, understand the nuances and features of this activity.
It is best to buy a calf, which has already switched to "adult" food and does not require cow's milk. When purchasing it, you should check the availability of veterinary inspection and vaccinations.
It is recommended to focus on the productive types of cattle. In this case, it is advisable to fatten the bull, since males grow meat much faster than cows for meat. Charolais, Kazakh white-headed, Hereford, black-and-white, are the most popular beef breeds among many farmers. The price for them is in the range of 8000-15000 rubles.
Terms and conditions of keeping cattle meat breeds
Growing bulls for meat requires plots and special pens. The farm is recommended to be placed exclusively in rural areas. The presence of meadows for grazing animals near the barn will be an important advantage. In order for growing calves not to spread across the nearby territory, it is better to fence pasture areas.
For the maintenance of livestock, you can use the usual shed of sufficient area, which should be equipped with feeders and drinkers. In addition, it needs to be carefully insulated, hermetically sealed up all the cracks. Thermal insulation will allow creating comfortable temperature conditions for cattle in winter. Optimum temperature should not fall below 12 degrees Celsius.
If males of cattle are kept in a closed space without walking, then the animals become quite aggressive. Therefore, in the summer, it is better to graze gobies in the pasture. On the other hand, with the onset of puberty of farmed bulls x and their presence outside, they should be limited, since they can pose a certain danger to others.
An efficient business needs to be tried to expand, therefore fattening calves or cows for meat may require the arrangement of a separate room for slaughter and preparation of semi-finished products. For this we need additional permits.
How to feed animals
In order for the calf to grow faster, proper feeding is required. From the age of one month it must be taught to fresh grass and "adult" various foods. A complete bull diet should include the following components:
- cereal feeds;
- melons and gourds;
- fodder beet;
- special concentrates containing vitamins, macro-and micronutrients;
When a calf grows up, his body needs to drink plenty of water, therefore it is necessary to equip bulk drinking bowls in the pen. The diet of livestock that are grown for sale should be rich and varied. From this depends directly on the rate of weight gain. In addition, a quality product is always in demand.
For more information about feeding cattle can be found in the article "On the cultivation of gobies for meat at home."
Technology of fattening cattle meat breeds
When growing calves use different methods of feeding. It depends on how long the young grow. In addition, each option has a special diet, which is developed based on the recommendations of the professional animal science.
The short method involves intensive fattening of animals to 400 kg. In order to get juicy and fatty meat and weight up to 500 kg, bulls are fed at a consistently moderate pace for 7-8 months. A moderately abundant diet for half a year will provide a set of weight up to 400-450 kg.
From two months of age, it is recommended to teach calves to pasture. Leaving animals to graze for 15-16 hours a day, you need to take care of the presence of shade and water. One-year-old gobies should be tied, as this makes them calmer.
It is better to feed the young three times a day, sticking to a specific time. Every teenager cattle should gain an average of 600 grams of live weight per day.
What equipment is necessary for the maintenance of meat breeds
In contrast to the arrangement of a wide range of cattle farms, bulls and cows for meat do not require special expensive equipment for their care. The barn should be equipped with some tools to simplify the care of animals. First of all, fences will be needed to facilitate feeding, drinkers, mixers for the distribution of feed. Arrangement of the stall will facilitate the presence of special dividers, fasteners. The comfort and comfort of animals will help provide rubber mats for lying down.
The organization of fattening bulls as a business requires special equipment and devices for cleaning manure. Proper care of animals will protect them from possible diseases and will accelerate weight gain, therefore, the top contaminated layer must be removed regularly. Ideally, it is necessary to clean the barn three times a day after feeding the calves. In extreme cases, you can restrict at least cleaning for the night. It is recommended to replace litter completely once a month.
Do you need hired laborers on the farm?
In order for the cattle fattening business to become profitable, it is necessary to study all its nuances, putting physical effort, wasting material and time resources. Do animals need daily. Bychkov need to be fed several times a day, clean the stall, take away for walking. If this possibility does not always exist, then it is better to hire 2-3 people with experience in working with cattle. With their help, you can provide control over timely feeding, to maintain optimal conditions of detention.
Successful breeding of bulls depends on a professional approach in the preparation of a competent diet. To solve this problem most effectively, you should seek advice from a livestock specialist. In addition, it is necessary to make expenses for regular veterinary examinations in the expenditure part of the business plan. For slaughtering and cutting carcasses, it is also better to invite a specialist who has practical experience in such activities.
Relatives can help provide daily pet care, but occasionally qualified professionals should be invited for a fee.
Organization of product sales
The effective functioning of the business of growing bulls requires the creation of a permanent customer base. With quality fattening of animals, they will gain the necessary weight for 6-18 months, so it is better to look in advance for potential wholesale buyers of meat products. In this case, from the very beginning it is desirable to consider different ways of marketing.
Along with the sale of meat to wholesalers, shops, you can sell it on the market, take small wholesale restaurants, cafes, private buyers.
The most profitable way to market products is to sell small wholesale lots. On the other hand, building contacts in this direction requires a certain amount of time and effort.
In the process of business development, it can be supplemented with animal breeding, expanding the herd composition with the help of cows. Selling small calves will add to the farmer’s income.
The profitability of the cattle fattening business can increase the sale of hides. In this case, the skin should be well trimmed and prepared for sale.
How to calculate the profitability of a business
Before registering your own business, it is important to carefully consider and weigh the benefits and risks of this undertaking. For clarity, you can consider the cultivation of 10 bulls.
First, it is advisable to calculate the cost, investment in the business. For the purchase of 10 calves will need about 100,000 rubles. Acquisition of the necessary equipment, a refrigerator and a bulk freezer will require 80,000 rubles. Arrangement of the paddock, barn, purchase of fodder will require 100,000 rubles. Thus, it is necessary to spend about 280,000 rubles to organize a farm for fattening meat bulls in the initial stages.
Further the following expenses will be required (table):
Using your own plot will reduce rental costs.
Thus, the return on material investments in a business will appear not earlier than in a year. During this time, the calves will gain enough weight for sale. Each individual will receive at least 250 kg. After the sale of meat of 10 carcasses of cattle at the wholesale price (150 rubles / kg), you can get an income of 380,000 rubles. By investing money in the further development of the business, you can achieve good performance in 2-3 years.
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