About growing bulls for meat at home

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Now the cultivation of gobies for meat at home is experiencing another boom. But not all novice breeders are clearly aware of all the subtleties and nuances in the maintenance and fattening of calves for meat. As a result, lost time, nerves and money. To be honest, the case is really profitable, although at first it will be necessary to spend some money and sweat a lot. If it does not scare you, then we will tell you about the main points of the purchase, maintenance, nutrition and sale of meat bulls.

Buying calves

The breeders first mistake is saving on calves. People buy the cheapest calf from the first cow. The fact is that there are dairy, meat and mixed breeds of cattle. So for fattening for meat you need to take either meat or mixed breeds. If you take a pure dairy breed bull, then by one and a half years it will at best grow up to 300 kg, which will hardly pay back the money spent on it.

If we talk specifically about the breeds, then in the Russian conditions the best results show breeds:

  • Charolais;
  • Kazakh white-headed;
  • Simmental breed;
  • Hereford breed.

This is not to say that some breed is better or worse. But, for example, from Sharolese bulls and from the Herefords, with proper nutrition, you can get real marbled beef. The truth is that you will have to spend a lot of money on feed, plus the care you need there is special, in general, for a small farm it is expensive.

There is one more thing. Calves are desirable to take with all the necessary vaccinations. This information is in the documents on the bull, so if you can not go to the farm with a veterinarian, inquire and write out what vaccinations are made in your area.

Arrangement of premises

For the cultivation of bulls in the home, a "seedy" barn is not enough. Remember - a bull is not a pig, and if you close it in a confined space and feed it abundantly, it will start to hurt at first. And further, if they live to a slaughter age, then there can be no lean beef, the bull-calf simply becomes fatten.

According to the rules, in order to grow one bull for meat, he must first build a stable of at least 12 square meters. For a good set of muscle mass, a bull must be brought to pasture every day. If there is no pasture nearby, then you will still have to build a summer pen with a canopy, where each bull will already be 30 square meters. m

Another problem is drafts and frost. In winter, the temperature in the barn should not fall below 10 degrees. In order to maintain it constantly, it is necessary to warm the windows and doors, and then put the stove in the room. Draft bulls fear even more than frost. Up to half a year, a calf can catch a cold from the slightest draft.

It is advisable to do the floors in the stalls on a slope and in the end to equip the manure channel. The most effective way to maintain cleanliness and dryness is to clean it 2 times a day and sprinkle everything with charcoal.

Fattening of dairy calves

Some novice breeders, in an effort to save, buy very small calves. Indeed, a monthly calf will cost at least 2 times cheaper than a bull for 3-4 months. But feeding such calves requires patience, knowledge and additional financial injections.

The calf is still milky, so every day he will have to feed 6-8 liters of milk. You cannot feed the baby with one milk, because the rumen should be stretched (the cumulative part of the stomach). To do this, he needs to be given daily oatmeal kissel and ground vegetables, potatoes, pumpkin, etc. In the warm season, already from one month of age, a calf can be led out to the meadow. In winter, be sure to give hay.

By the way, in winter, even in cold weather, calves need at least a little while, but taking out for a walk, such hardening exercise will ensure good health for your young.

With 3 months in the diet of the calf are introduced so-called starter feed. With these mixtures, it is easier to transfer calves to coarse food, plus they get the full amount of nutrients. By 4 months, the lion’s share of the ration is already made up by hay, root crops and mixed fodder, and by half a year the calves are switching to an adult menu.

Fattening gobies

As practice has shown, the purchase of dairy calves and their independent feeding are not at all cheaper than purchasing a ready-made four-month calf. Add to this the risk of illness and the cost of vaccinations. Immediately it will become clear that it is better not to bother, but immediately take the grown and prepared gobies.

At 4 months, milk already acts as a top dressing, and it is not necessary to buy real cow's milk, you can use dry mixes and even whey. In this case, it is important to concentrate on nutritious feeds.

In breeding farms they try to distribute the work in such a way that calves are born in winter. Accordingly, by the end of April, you can already buy a formed goby, which can be brought to pasture.

But meat fattening has its own characteristics. Even the most "elegant" flood meadows will not give the desired gain in weight. Moreover, the share of hay or juicy grass should be about 30-40%. The rest of the diet of calves is selected from cereals, legumes and energy-rich compound feed, do not forget about the roots.

For half a year, gobies can be given potato peelings, but in the first 2-3 months these peels should be boiled and crushed.

Do you need castration calves

Now experts do not have a common opinion about castration of meat bulls. If the bull is castrated, he will become calm and peaceful. Accordingly, calves on free pasture will no longer cripple themselves. Again, the castrated calf significantly increases the appetite, which is very welcome young breeders.

But seasoned farmers know that a good appetite for a castrated bull does not guarantee the same weight gain. In such calves, energy is more processed into fat mass than into muscle. There is, of course, an option to drive such a bull, but these procedures can lead to weight loss.

What exactly can not be done, so it is to castrate the bull at an early age, you will ruin the calf. Meat breeds are capable of fertilization as early as 6 months, which means that at this time they become more aggressive. But if the bull is castrated in half a year, then growth will seriously slow down. Therefore, in order to maintain the ability to gain muscle mass, it is advisable to castor bulls no earlier than a year.

Costs and profits

To begin with, it makes sense to engage in such business only in rural areas. Moreover, it is desirable that the meadows were available. If you drive calves in the mountains, they will never gain weight. And next to the swamps, the animals just get poisoned. To build a more or less decent barn, at least for 20-30 heads, you will have to spend from 300 thousand rubles. Plus, good meadows may also have to be rented.

On average, the fattening of one bull takes about 15 thousand rubles. If you keep 5-7 heads, then at least hard, but still really look after the calves yourself. When there are more animals, you will have to hire a shepherd and a couple of cattlemen. For households up to 10 goals, the tax has no complaints, then you have to draw up the PI. Plus, we need equipment for the preparation and delivery of feed.

As for profits, things are like this. The meat bull goes for slaughter in 18-20 months. Useful output from these bulls ranges from 60 to 80%. Normal slaughter weight is 400-500 kg. The benefit from the wholesale implementation is small. Profitability soars at times, if you yourself will cut the bulls and sell meat.

Medication use

Another controversial issue is the use of drugs that stimulate muscle growth. Such medicines are divided into 2 directions. The first direction activates the body, resulting in muscle growth. The second is represented by steroid feed and anabolic steroids.

Ideally, any medical intervention in this area is highly undesirable. But in practice, the use or rejection of this method remains on the conscience of the breeders themselves. Sanitary epidemiological station in the market for steroids is indifferent, but the owners of supermarkets, restaurant holders and advanced consumers, with the help of special tests can easily determine such drugs.

Plus breeding calves for meat at home, provides that you and your family will eat part of this meat. And now you rarely meet a man who agrees to feed his children with meat stuffed with steroids.

The business of breeding meat calves will only grow. We will not argue that it is difficult, but the lazy amateur has nothing to do there. Share the article with your friends and maybe your like, keep someone from rash decisions, or vice versa will cause interest in this business.

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