Special individual calf houses are an innovative solution to the perennial livestock problems. Made from modern materials, such modern boxes reliably protect newborns and young children from negative environmental factors, allowing them to grow strong and resistant to infectious diseases cattle.
What are needed
Newborn babies have extremely weak immunity, which is strengthened by the consumption of produced colostrum cow. It is the first months of life that are the most dangerous period when the calf should be protected as much as possible from communication with other individuals, among which may be carriers of dangerous diseases. It is best to use special nurseries for this, in which cattle from birth to six months of age are contained in isolation from others.
For calves houses, individual and group, allow you to create the most comfortable conditions of detention, feeding and care. Their recommended dimensions should be from 2 to 2.5 m in length, at least 1-1.3 m wide, and from 1 to 1.3 m high.
The enclosure should have a length of at least 1.5 m with a fence height of up to 1 m, and its width is limited by the width of the box itself. These dimensions are optimal, allowing the growing animal to move freely, developing the skeletal and muscular systems.
Special boxes for calves are made of high quality primary polyethylene. They are durable, lightweight, environmentally friendly and can be used to nurse one, three or even ten calves, depending on the model.
The calf room made by the solid casting method has no sharp corners and cannot injure the animal, and the absence of cracks reliably protects the newborn bulls and heifers from dangerous drafts.
Advantages of special houses over standard cells
Using individual cages for calves, livestock breeders are able to control the animals' consumption of the right amount of food and water by adding special veterinary supplements to the feeders. If you put a calf in a common stall with other animals, he may not receive the necessary amount of food, which he will be taken away by stronger individuals.
An individual house for calves will completely solve this problem, creating the most favorable conditions for the growth and development of cattle.
Mounted in open space calves allow you to keep young in the open air, with maximum access to the sun. A feature of these rooms is that they do not allow an excessive amount of direct sunlight and do not create a greenhouse effect, but they perfectly keep a constant temperature inside, allowing to keep calves even at ambient temperatures up to minus 30 degrees Celsius.
Ease of hygiene and cleaning
An individual stall for growing livestock makes it possible not only to track the state of the animal's appetite and add various dietary and medicinal additives to it, but also to replace in time the feed that has begun to deteriorate.
If the houses for calves are plastic, then they have a smooth and durable floor, which is very easy to clean and remove wastes. For this, there is a removable rear cover and a front door cover with a ventilation hole installed at abnormally low ambient temperatures.
On the threshold of the room is a wooden bar without sharp edges. It prevents the importation of straw into the pen and the release of waste products into the house.
The surface of the box, plastic fencing and feeders is easily cleaned from dust and dirt using a rag dipped in water or disinfectant solution.
Special fencing for the house has a number of innovative advantages that simplify the process of care for the calf. They are that:
- design features allow you to lock the cattle in the house itself, or in the pen, simplifying the process of cleaning and disinfection;
- the presence of special hinges allows you to raise the fence, freeing access to the box in which the scheduled cleaning is carried out;
- the presence of a canopy is provided, which, if necessary, can be removed, increasing the illuminance of the pen;
- with the help of special devices on the fence can be fastened from two to three feeders, in which everyday food, water and milk are placed;
- The plastic construction of the fence can be easily disassembled and installed on any flat platform.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the houses are set up in the immediate vicinity of the livestock farms. This simplifies and cheapens the process of caring for animals, and the opportunity to see the cow personally activates the appetite of the young, increasing the rapid increase in muscle mass.
Remember that the use of individual premises for young cattle significantly accelerates its growth and strengthening of physical health, allowing for the fertilization of heifers at an earlier age and increasing the milk productivity of the whole herd.
Your income will increase significantly while maintaining production costs and reducing the cost of purchasing feed (up to 10%) and veterinary services.
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Write in the comments what methods of cattle breeding you use and how profitable is the use of individual houses.