The presence of a stall for cows and bulls is an integral part in the maintenance of cattle. In order to build it you need to adhere to the recommended technologies and rules. You should also use quality materials that will withstand climatic influences and cattle pressure. The correct barn will provide ease of maintenance of animals and carrying out various veterinary procedures with them, as well as add productivity to cows. The article describes how to make a stall independently on the farm.
The table of contents of this section sounds like this, because in such a responsible activity it is important to take into account the scheme of actions that will help greatly facilitate the work:
- it is necessary to carefully consider the location of the future structure (probable humidity after precipitation, after raising water in the nearest reservoirs, as well as air flow through the winds);
- animals are kept away from residential buildings, drinking water sources;
- safe and environmentally friendly material is selected for future construction, which should be of high quality, durable and heat-insulating;
- the climate zone is taken into account (if the place is cold, heating systems are thought out);
- the stall must be ventilated and have adequate lighting;
- the size of the building should not hamper the movement of the cows or hinder the passage to the places of eating and sleeping.
The dimensions of the cow's stall can be viewed in the table and stick to this data at the stage of creating drawings.
The average area per cattle is about 6 square meters. m., but if with her calf, it will need 10 square meters. m. Often, barns are built with a calf shed. When separate sections are needed, the length can be up to 260 cm and width is 125 cm. If the stalls are located on both sides of the barn, then the passage between them is 150 cm wide. There are no clear requirements for the height, but the most acceptable is 250 cm .
In private farms use boards or pipes made of metal. Sometimes the stall is laid out of bricks, but in this case it is impossible to resize it or move it to another place. Materials should not absorb moisture. Must be the presence of bedding - peat, sawdust, straw. If the farm is large, then use special mats.
Construction of metal pipes
A stall for a cow helps to position it correctly - face to the feeder. Selecting the size, you do not need to make it too wide, since the animal can turn its back to the trough, and this leads to contamination of the food.
For cattle you can build your own stall of metal pipes. Their optimum diameter is 60 mm. For example, take the source for a source designed for two cows, which require two stalls.
The room is divided in half by a line and three pits are dug on it. One - near the wall, the second through 80 cm and the third 170 cm from the wall. At the side walls are dug the same fossa. As a result, the source material is dug into each of them and poured with concrete. It turns out 9 pipes leaving the floor. It is desirable that they were the same height.
Now they need to be fixed with binding metal tubes, by welding. First, they are laid horizontally on top, then on the bottom and welded to vertical blanks. The required length of the pipe is prepared in advance.
The floor is raised above the ground
At the beginning of construction, the floor is necessarily raised above the ground level, because you need to create a small slope, about 2-3 cm. This allows for the discharge of waste into the waste bin. You can not do too much tilt, as this leads to trouble with livestock and abortion in a cow.
The floor is best made of concrete. Its advantages are that it can withstand the weight of an adult individual, protects against the entry of rodents into the barn, does not absorb moisture. Be sure to need a thick straw bedding. Another option is wooden shields placed on concrete. They are easy to clean for cleaning.
In large farms can not do without zhizhesbornik. This may be a special container, the size of which depends on the number of cows. The depth is usually taken not less than 80 cm. In the stable, in the back part there is a groove, according to which the manure flow is planned. 20 cm wide and 10 cm deep will be enough. When keeping cows on straw bedding, a manure collection is not needed. Then cleansing will be standard, but you have to stock up on straw.
Content on a leash
In this case, the cattle are always in a stall on a leash. A device that captures animals, allows them to get up, lie down, eat, drink. Discomfort should not be. By the type of tethered content, a bull’s stall is constructed, where young bulls are usually placed. It helps them gain weight and facilitates the maintenance of animals without harm to health.
The area for each cow is calculated based on the established requirements. Factors influencing the physiological state of the animal, as well as its dimensions. In this case, places are designed specifically for the available livestock, and fences are made of pipes. This option is the most convenient, as when changing the dimensions of the animal, the width of the stall can be easily adjusted.
For a cow, the stall size in width should be up to 100 cm, provided that it has an average weight of about 400 kg. Large individuals will need 120 cm. Strongly sized cattle, especially on 7-9 months of pregnancy, require a width of 150 cm. Usually 120 cm are used as a standard, as it suits almost all animals. Large numbers are used in the delivery rooms. The length of the stall usually does not exceed 260 cm. However, it can be both 200 and 190 cm.
Usually, a large number is applied where cows give birth. In general, the length must be selected so that the manure immediately falls into the chute, and not on the site.
Content without a leash
Stall necessary for lying and digesting food. The animals are free from there and can move around if necessary. In this embodiment, the dimensions increase slightly. The width should be 125 cm and the length 280 cm. If the space is allocated at the wall, then it can be up to 300 cm long. The area per head is from 8 square meters. m
A billet consists of sections, which are separated by metal pipes. A cow should have enough space so that you can comfortably lie down. To create a comfortable environment, it is necessary to provide a deep litter. Pressed straw or large sawdust will do. If it is not laid, the cows may suffer from bronchial diseases and leg problems.
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