On the content of cows in the private sector


Proper maintenance of a cow in the personal economy brings great benefits. The farmer will always have fresh milk and tasty meat. However, animals need daily care, a warm barn and a good diet. Pregnant cows and newborn calves require increased attention. It will not be easy for a beginner to care for cattle (cattle) if he does not know the main requirements. In this article we will look at the basics that will help novice farmers.

How to equip the barn

Keeping cattle in personal subsidiary plots (LPH) requires a barn. To make it is quite simple. To do this, you can take absolutely any building materials: wood, brick, slabs. However, you must take into account the weather conditions of the region in which the private farmstead is located. If the winter is very cold and windy, the room must be warmed.

The temperature in it should be about 10 degrees Celsius so that the cows feel comfortable at home. The floor in the barn should be made of wood with a slope from the trough to the pit with manure to leak water down.

In order to ensure comfort and compliance with sanitary standards, it is imperative to place litter on the floor. Drinkers and feeders in the shed should be equipped so that animals can have free access to them. When individuals of different ages are kept in the same room, it is necessary to establish a lattice between them to prevent injury.

The entrance to the barn should be one. If you make multiple doors, a draft may begin. The room and all equipment must be cleaned regularly. Once a quarter, disinfection must be carried out to prevent the development of various diseases.

Basics of proper nutrition

Housekeeping standards include high-quality feeding. It is important to provide the animal with good hay. Per 100 kg of weight you need about 3.5 kg of dry grass. In addition, the menu should include juicy food every day. You must give the cow chopped potatoes, beets, carrots. Also, silage and concentrated feed are added to the ration, and corn flour, cake, and bran are offered. In addition, the animal should receive daily 6-8 g of salt.

If bulls at home are fattened for meat, special additives will not be damaged. But they need to be calculated strictly individually, following the instructions. It is important that cattle always have access to fresh water.

In summer, the main food is pasture on pasture. However, care must be taken that cows do not eat grass after rain or heavy dew. Otherwise, stomach problems may begin. Before pasture in pasture should give hay to enrich the diet with fiber.

It is important to observe not only the norms of feeding, but also the daily routine. Food should be given at regular intervals. On average, animals are fed 3-4 times a day. During the day - 2/3 of the total ration, and distribute the remaining amount of food in the morning and evening.

Cow Care Guidelines

Now let's discuss separately the rules for keeping cows for beginner breeders. Compliance with established standards directly affects livestock productivity.

The cows weigh an average of about 500 kg and are herd animals, so it is best to keep several individuals on the farm. If this is not possible, it is necessary to graze them along with the neighbour's cattle. It is necessary for the normal development of the young.

In the summer there is no need to keep a cow indoors. It should be located on a grazing platform, equipped with a shed, under which the animal can hide from the scorching sun or the beginning rain. Here you need to put a briquette of salt and install the drinkers with clean water.

In winter, cows are kept in a warm pavilion, where the light must be constantly lit. They can be tied with a chain at night.

Special attention should be paid to milking. In LPH, it is usually done manually three times a day. Before the process, you must inspect the cow's udder for damage and massage it. Need to give out to the last drop of milk, until the mammary gland is soft. After the procedure, it is necessary to massage it slightly.

Over its entire life, a cow gives about 200 thousand glasses of milk.

Features of pregnancy and calving Burenka

Pregnancy of a cow lasts about 9 months. 1.5-2 months before giving birth, the animal needs to stop milking so that the calf is born strong and healthy. In addition, the juicy feed should be completely removed from the Buren’s menu and the volume of the offered concentrates should be reduced. This is necessary to eliminate the possibility of fat deposition and reduce the amount of milk yield. You need to give more hay, special vitamin supplements that will benefit both the cow and the fetus.

A few weeks before giving birth, the behavior of the animal changes. It avoids other individuals, lags behind them during the walk, and begins to "twist the nest," pulling the litter to itself. At the same time, it is necessary to continue breeding the animal to pasture.

Before giving birth, a cow is isolated from tribesmen. The forerunner of calving is a descent abdomen and a swollen udder. The animal must be sanitized, lay dry hay on the floor and put burlap on top. If the calving passes without complications, it takes a maximum of half an hour. The nose, mouth and eyes of a newborn calf should be immediately wiped with a clean rag, and the umbilical cord cut. After this baby rubbed along the spine. Novice farmers will need the help of a veterinarian to figure out how to take delivery.

Basic calf maintenance

Proper care of the calf is very important, since in the first days of life it is highly susceptible to negative environmental influences. It must be kept in a warm room, where there are no drafts. 2 hours after birth, the baby should be given colostrum of the mother in order to ensure its normal development and to exclude the development of various pathologies. The very next day, calves are fed at home with mother's milk.

During the month, the youngsters are given milk and are gradually introduced into the diet of succulent feed with concentrates. After a month, the volume of the liquid product is reduced, and instead, high-quality hay is added.

Calves should be kept away from adult cows. They are building a special walking area with hay and provide access to coarse feeds. If there are several babies in LPH, then from 8 months they need to be divided by sex. Heifers can safely walk without a leash, and the bulls need to be tied and put in a stall to start fattening. At 1.5 years old chicks are ready for pregnancy, but they must gain at least 70% of the weight of an adult animal.

How to behave with a bull

Keeping bulls at home is expensive and very dangerous. These representatives of cattle often have a rather bad temper. Given that the animal weighs about a ton, it will be difficult to handle it. Especially the novice farmer.

Bulls need to be kept on a leash in separate stalls and feed them there. Animals need to clean the skin daily, once a year to trim the hoof. This should be done very carefully. In summer, males can be washed in the lake and taken to pasture every day. At the same time, they should be herded separately from other individuals. In winter, walks should also be daily for 3-4 hours.

Much attention is paid to nutrition. About 1.5 kg of root crops, 1 kg of hay and silage, 12 kg of succulent fodder are given per 100 kg of animal weight. The menu must be enriched with vitamins, minerals, fish oil. Give chalk and bone meal.

When dealing with bulls, in no case can you behave rudely or shout at them. These animals can show aggression, which will end in failure. It is important to give the animals a physical activity when they are fed for meat. If this is not done, the bulls will become very aggressive and become obese.

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