The most convenient way to organize the feeding of livestock is to purchase an automatic drinker for cows. Thanks to modern technology, the process will be simple and convenient, and you will no longer worry if your animals receive enough liquid. Product selection, the process is simple, but requires some knowledge, which we want to share with you. Next, read about what are auto drinkers, how they work and how they differ.
In the selection of drinkers will help you their classification. The first sign is the type of cattle content. According to it, water tanks are divided into individual - for one individual, and group - for several animals. The first, in turn, are divided into multi-level and single. The second tanks are fixed and mobile.
The second sign of classification is the method of manufacture. This group includes homemade and factory drinkers. The third sign is the material for container under water. Most often, use plastic, cast iron, steel.
The fourth sign is the level of automation. On this basis, drinking bowls are divided into automatic and non-automatic. In this article we will talk about auto drinkers, about all other types of tanks for feeding cattle, you can read in the section "About drinking bowls for cattle".
Features of auto drinkers and their types
To connect the automatic watering system on farms, central water supply is used. To ensure that water enters the tanks for discharging, valve or float supply systems are installed in them. There are other ways to organize the flow of fluid to the tank, but these two options are considered the most convenient.
The float system is similar to the operation of the barrel in the toilet. In the central tank, where water accumulates, a level float is installed. From the central tank pipes go to other tanks.
When animals drink water from their tanks, the level in the central tank decreases, the float is lowered, and the liquid from the aqueduct fills the missing space. Of the minuses of the system - freezing in the cold season and frequent blockages.
As for the valve system, it connects, as the float - to the water supply. But, the difference is that the level is regulated by the animals themselves. Trying to drink, they press the muzzle on the valve, and the water enters the tank. The minus of the system - cows can easily damage it, which leads to the cost of restoration and repair.
Organization of heated troughs
The maintenance of cattle is quite expensive - it is not a secret. Especially if the farmer really cares about the herd and wants to get quality products from animals. When organizing drinking bowls, it is necessary to remember that animals should not be given cold water, especially in winter time - this can cause a cold and cause viral infections.
In order to prevent diseases in the herd, heating elements are installed in the drinkers to maintain the temperature of the liquid at the proper level. Farms use two types of heating systems: individual and general. Of course, to install a heater (tubular electric heater) in each drinker is expensive and does not make sense.
On farms with automated watering systems, it is customary to install central heating. With this system, the water in the tanks for drinking is already served warm.
Disadvantages of centralized heating and an alternative solution
But the centralized system has a serious disadvantage. When servicing large farms, if the length of the pipeline exceeds 250 meters, the liquid has time to cool until it reaches the trough. With severe frosts, it can freeze at all.
The solution to this problem is the division of the water supply system into areas. Depending on the number of heads, the water supply system is divided into several groups, each of which has its own heating element.
As an alternative method of heating water, you can install an individual heater for each drinker. But this option is extremely expensive. It is used only if group type drinkers are installed on the farm.
Complete set of auto-drinking machines and their rationality
All automatic drinkers for cattle have a number of mandatory components. The first required element is a water dipper. In addition to it, the configuration includes a level adjustment mechanism that automatically opens the feed when the bowl for feeding is empty.
Complete with any automatic system for dispensing bowls themselves are supplied. Their number depends on the wishes of the customer. The more drinkers, the higher the cost of the system. Pipes for water supply are also included. Their footage also depends on the area and number of drinking elements. Some farmers are frightened by the cost of automatic calf feeding systems.
But, counting, it turns out that the automatic system is the most rational way of spending liquid. Farms that have installed automatics in their stalls, have noted a decrease in water costs, increased productivity in the herd and general positive trends in farm profits.
The principle of operation of the drinker with tethered livestock
For those who are still delving into the automation of the farm, it will not hurt to study the work of auto drinkers in more detail. This knowledge will help in making decisions when choosing one of them. Standard Valve Drinker, installed in the pen, works as follows:
- trying to drink water from the tank, the animals press the muzzle on the lever, which sets the system in motion;
- the valve blocking the flow of water opens and water enters the drinking bowl;
- when you finish drinking, the animal stops pressing on the lever, as a result, the valve is lowered and the water stops flowing.
Such a system allows you to use water resources as efficiently as possible. Water does not remain in the drinkers, it does not have to be changed, microbes do not enter it. All this increases the microclimate in the pens and reduces the risk of disease.
The principle of operation of the drinker in the loose housing of cattle
Standard float-dispenser is often installed in open areas where livestock are kept. The principle of its work is as follows:
- an animal or animal consumes water from a trough filled with water;
- reduction of fluid in the trough drives the float, at lowering of which the valve opens and a new portion of water enters the tank;
- when the fluid returns to its previous level, the float returns to its place and the valve closes.
Such a system is much cheaper than the one used for tethered livestock. But it also has its negative sides: water is always in the tank, which contributes to the spread of germs and infection. What you choose is up to you, but a cheaper thing can cost you much more in the future.
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