Competitive Holstein horse breed is widespread in different countries of the world. Animals achieved such popularity due to their speed, dexterity, competitiveness, as well as good and easygoing disposition. Any jumps on the racetrack bring Holsteins prizes, awards, and often - the leadership in the top three. Where did the Holstein horses breed come from, what kind of animals do animals have, how to keep them properly, and other interesting information in our article.
The hardy ancestors of the Holstein breed
Holstein horses appeared in the distant Middle Ages. The first mention of individuals dated to the beginning of the 13th century. Of all the German Holstein breeds is considered the most ancient.
The breed was bred by long crosses of horses and stallions of Neapolitan, German, Oriental and Spanish species. The best individuals were carefully selected for selection.
The result was a horse, distinguished by pride, friendly character, high carriage walking and a solemn step.
The first horses, bred by breeders, became indispensable assistants to riders. Their fearless and appeasable temper often rescued the soldiers on the battlefield. At the right moments the horse was not timid and did not rush away.
The official Holstein deposit is the Tradentall Stud Farm, which is located in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Animals were used by cavalry during wars, by knights for competitions, for teams in carriages and parade departures.
Already in the 18th century, a Holstein horse was widely popular throughout the European continent.
Subsequently, the Holstein horses were reduced to representatives of the Yorkshire carriage breed. They gave the Holstein breed a high and noble move, elegance, grace and tranquility.
Cavalrymen and drivers liked to take Holsteins with them on campaigns. “They do not kick, bite, never let down and will not show aggression,” said the brave warriors about their horses.
During the Second World War, the German horse had to serve the cause of the Reich. The cavalry was replaced by heavy machinery, so it was decided to improve the breed by pouring the blood of a horse horse into it.
Having selected the strongest and strongest individuals, they were crossed with the English thoroughbred breed, which gave rise to a new generation of Holsteins. Of the unremarkable horses in appearance there was a noble, beautiful and fast breed for equestrian sport.
Breeding thoroughbred horses of Holstein breed have developed coordination, move quickly, are energetic and docile. At the competitions, the Holsteers adore the races, tend to be ahead of everyone.
The latest generation of horses - the undisputed leaders in all respects. Even today, the Queen of England, the Danish and Swedish Kings hold representatives of this breed for parades and solemn trips. In some countries, these horses are still being used in knightly tournaments as assistants to riders.
Today the Holstein horse is the best sports individual. Competitive performance is achieved thanks to a calm disposition and quick dressing. The courage preserved from the times of the Middle Ages helps the Holsteins to win victories in every competition.
Modern horses are used in professional and amateur sports. Representatives of the breed have repeatedly won gold at competitions, and, according to forecasts of equestrian analysts, they will never leave their pedestal.
Sports achievements breed
The most popular representatives of the breed are the stallion Meteor, Almoks Classic Touch and Calvaro-5. The main prize qualities of a horse inherited from their ancestors. For example, from Landgraf.
Another ancestor who passed on the positive competitive qualities of seven generations of descendants, gelding Kalleto. One of his sons was Classic Touch, a master of single jumps.
If you carefully study the history of Holstein breed, we can safely say that most of the representatives received the highest awards in equestrian sports. One of them is the gelding Meteor.
The stallion Meteor won the first victories in 1952. At the Olympic heats he received bronze, and two years later he took gold for his German team in the overall standings. In individual races the horse took the honorable fourth place. In 1956, Meteor took the silver in the team race.
In the entire history of the existence of the Holsteins, there was not a single representative who participated in equestrian competitions who would not take significant rewards.
Unusual facts about the representatives of the Holstein breed
Holstein horses have their own unusual facts in history.
In the war, the horses of the Holstein breed were selected not only because of good endurance, but also for intelligence, as well as the ability to empathize with the rider.
In the royal stables and monastic families there are still very many representatives of the Holstein breed.
The first champion in the history of the breed became a horse named Thor, which took gold in single jumps in 1936.
Holstein horses are very clever, showing them an image with a representative of the breed, they very emotionally react to it.
A Holstein horse is capable of anticipating danger. If storm and bad weather sets in, it becomes restless, snorts and points the place where the trouble comes from.
The appearance of Holstein
This breed of horses is a bay, red, gray, dark bay color. There is a fifth color - a crow with white spots, which is extremely rare.
The head of a horse is long, stretched back. The eyes are large, expressive, the ears are large, sharp at the ends. The horse's neck is long, slightly curved, and the chest is wide. The powerful and long legs of the Holsteins differ in extraordinary strength. The hooves on the feet are round, massive.
The height of the horse at the withers varies from 173 to 175 centimeters. Due to the long legs the horse walks deeply, sedately, solemnly. The animal looks very elegant, as if nature has created it for victories and power.
At a gallop, the horse keeps smoothly, gently, as if completely weightless. The main trump card representative of this breed are jumping. Thanks to its curved neck and elongated rump, the Holstein demonstrates flexibility and grace.
Horse character and temper
Jockeys from all countries like to work with Holsteins very much, as they are easy to train. Obedient behavior, sharpness of reactions, as well as impeccable exterior - a great combination for equestrian sport.
A distinctive feature in the behavior of Holstein is stress resistance. That is why in ancient times they were used for wars. Horses are not shy, not afraid of sudden movements and loud sounds.
The brave and decisive character allows the Holstein horse to quickly respond to the situation. She is not naughty during the introduction of innovations in training, she overcomes obstacles with pleasure.
Another positive feature of the nature of the animal - activity. Despite the grueling daily workouts, the energy in the representatives of the Holstein breed is not diminished. On the contrary, if you do not drive it every day, the horse will feel unimportant.
Holstein is very difficult to ruffle. He easily makes contact with people, calmly transfers the team and riding. Representatives of this breed are recommended to acquire beginners and professionals in equestrian sports.
Adult horse price
Holstein foal costs from 150 to 200 thousand rubles. This price is due to the high performance, expressed in working qualities: activity, dedication, endurance and peace of mind.
In addition to the high price, the owner needs to prepare for the fact that he will spend a lot of effort, time and money on care, training and competent dressage of the horse. That is why experienced breeders immediately buy adult representatives.
An adult Holstein breed costs from 450 to 500 thousand rubles. For a mare or a stallion with a good pedigree, the price will increase two to three times, but the profitability from the sale of future offspring will bring good money to the breeder.
Horses Holstein, who won medals or places of honor in equestrian sport, are even more expensive. One adult stallion will cost you one and a half million. Therefore, if you get a Holstein in your stable for personal breeding, take a look at the very first and cheapest option.
Features of maintenance and care
Stable for Holstein
The Holstein horse has good immunity, so it endures all diseases. The only thing that affects it is detrimental - dampness in the room, so you should pay due attention to equipping the stables.
The larger the stallion area, the better for the stallion. Stable layout should be designed in such a way that it is easy to clean. In winter, be sure to carry out heating so that the horse does not freeze.
The optimal temperature for breeding Holsteins: from 15 to 20 degrees. In winter, the air must be warmed up. But it should not be too dry - it is necessary to maintain the humidity at the level of 55-60%.
Equip ventilation inside the stable to remove stale air, proper lighting — to ensure daylight during the cold season, and water — to supply water to the troughs and facilitate the flushing process.
It is desirable that the windows of the stables face the south side and open to the outside for ventilation. Heat and light favorably affect the state of the Holstein horse. They are cashed from the inside of the window with a grill to avoid injuries of an animal trying to get out of the stall in an unusual way.
The floor of the stable is made of mud brick material or baked bricks with a thickness of at least 18 centimeters. Top covered with board and covered with bedding, consisting of hay and sawdust.
Dampness is very detrimental to the condition of a horse’s hooves, so regularly change wet litter in the pen.
After each walk, rinse the hooves, watch for the absence of chips, cracks and signs of inflammation.
Regularly clean the room and wash the drinkers thoroughly with feeders.
Having finished with the equipment of a stable, proceed to equip the pen where the horse will train its skills. This type of corral is called Levada, the area is calculated based on the amount of free land and needs.
The shape of the levada should be oval, but not too elongated or narrow. Place under the pen select direct, dry, preferably where the grass grows. It is important to remove cut trees, stones, branches and other irregularities to avoid injury to the horse.
A rubber and plastic covering with holes through which the water will escape is lined on top.
A durable material is used as a hedge. It is better if the gate is easy to close and open with a bolt. The height of the fence pen from one and a half to two meters.
As feed, horses are given fresh greens, bran, millet, mineralized feed, hay, vegetables, fruits, vitamin supplements and salt.
Here are the basic rules of horse feed:
- It is necessary to feed a horse 5-6 times a day, little by little, so that the stomach is always filled with food.
- It is necessary to provide animals with round-the-clock access to hay and water.
- If you decide to transfer the horse to another menu, introduce new products gradually.
- Use only fresh, high-quality feed in your diet.
- On the day of one horse Holstein breed should drink at least 30 liters of water.
To avoid intestinal disorders, do not give the animal water and food immediately after exercise. Reduce fluid intake if there is a large amount of fresh herbs in the diet.
With proper care and nutrition, the animal will live for about thirty years.
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