This article will help you understand the question of why a cow has lost milk. Having found out the reasons, one can always find a way to successfully eliminate them, be it a serious illness, a slight indisposition of a cow or its physiological characteristic. Getting stable yields is always very important. After all, cattle, giving a large amount of quality product - the dream of any zealous owner. The welfare and standard of living of the farmer directly depends on this.
The main causes of the disappearance or decrease in milk yields
In veterinary medicine there are special terms to indicate the absence of milk from a heifer, or a decrease in its yield. Agalactia - complete disappearance, hypogalactia - a significant decrease in the amount. In both cases, the result is unpleasant for farmers.
So, the cow lost milk. The reasons may be as follows:
- intestinal infection or food poisoning;
- poor conditions of detention;
- insufficient mobility of the animal or sticking;
- stressful situation;
- over exploitation of the animal.
Mastitis is the main cause of the problem. This is a serious disease that can occur in various forms - purulent, serous, hemorrhagic, catarrhal, fibrous, subclinical.
Symptoms are high body temperature, swelling, nodules or growths on the udder, tenderness to palpation, refusal of food, lethargy of the heifer. In all the cases mentioned, it is necessary to examine the animal at the veterinarian and prescribe necessary medications.
Lack of vitamins, lack of water, scarcity and uniformity of the diet, the content of the animal in the cold or heat, increased dampness in the room leads to the fact that milk is lost, or milk yield is significantly reduced.
Fallowing can occur in a cold weather period, as a result of low mobility of cows and lack of grazing, and also cause hypogalactia.
When you change the owner or frightened, overworked or during the transition from manual milking to machine, a situation of stress may arise. As a result - agalactia. The disease can be caused by a violation of the milking regimes, with strong stripping, lasting more than nine months, too early calving, excessive exploitation of the animal.
What to do with agalactia and hypogalactia
In order to deal with the problem, first of all, it is necessary to find out the exact reason for reducing the amount of milk in the cows and decide what to do next.
It is necessary to analyze the daily ration, the amount of pasture, the conditions of the cow, and, of course, conduct a veterinary inspection.
In case of detection of mastitis, or other infections of the udder, it is necessary treatment with medicines, including antibiotics, until full recovery. Milk in the period of their use can not be eaten. In addition to antibiotics, the veterinarian may prescribe applications, warming, solutions, repeated delivery, for animals at this time requires careful care and care.
If the reason for the loss of milk in insufficient care, you need to change the conditions of the content of the cow. In the barn should be clean and dry. In a varied diet must contain vitamins and minerals, dry food and root vegetables, as well as a sufficient amount of drink. For strong immunity in food, it is desirable to add probiotics, be sure to graze in the fresh air for a sufficient amount of time.
When agalactia due to a stressful situation to restore lactation in the heifer, time must pass. Food should be of high quality, the cow should be gently handled, not disturbed. In such cases, the amount of milk during milking will quickly recover by itself.
Prevention measures to prevent a decrease in milk yields
The reasons for which the cow lost milk can be detected quite easily. However, it is much easier to carry out prevention in time, and to provide quality care for the animal. It is proved that with timely diagnosis, the probability of disease heifers is reduced to 85%.
Preventive measures must be taken, it is the key to the health of your cow. An important aspect in maintaining a healthy heifer is keeping the animal clean. This refers to the conditions of the room, the milking process and the care of the udder. In the barn should be dry, clean, no drafts. Always thoroughly wash hands and udders before starting milking.
For any changes in the consistency of the product, such as clots, discoloration, or heterogeneity, it is necessary to invite a veterinarian to inspect the animal. An experienced doctor, who made the examination of the heifer, will determine the form of the disease and prescribe the correct treatment. There are preventive medications for mastitis, which it is desirable to give the animal.
Immediately after calving, the calf should suck the colostrum and milk. This is a good preventive measure against mastitis.
In the process of life, at times, agalactia can occur in almost every cow for various reasons. With the elimination of the above factors, lactation usually returns.
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