If you are seeking to increase the income of the farm and take care of your cattle, you need a reliable and convenient cow pen. After all, healthy livestock, the number of milk yields and, in general, the well-being of your family depend on good animal conditions. This article will tell you how you can build the barns with your own hands, as well as what factors need to be considered during design and construction.
Having thought about building a bull pen and other cattle, first of all, you need to decide on the location of the object. Be sure to take into account the distance from the apartment building - according to sanitary standards, no closer than 15 meters, as well as from sources with drinking water, to avoid pollution - no closer than 20 meters. It is good to place the barn near the garden or vegetable garden for convenient removal of manure.
The optimum materials for the construction of the barn are wood, as well as brick or aerated concrete, due to the good thermal insulation properties. Since the choice depends on the climatic conditions, the room should be warm in winter and cool in summer.
One of the best materials is adobe brick, which keeps heat well and is well ventilated. In no case are not allowed cracks and the formation of drafts, they are dangerous for cows. If the building is well built, the heating system is not needed, the heat will come from the cows and steers.
Main construction organization
The size of the cow pen should be calculated from the number of cattle you have, taking into account that the animals in the building will spend the winter, stay at night, absorb food, lie down.
The foundation of the barn is best to make concrete, to avoid rotting and destruction of the structure in the future because of water or slurry. The top layer is covered with an insulating material, for example, bitumen or tar.
Then build walls of the selected material using different heaters.
The height of the room for representatives of the cattle should not be more than 2.5 meters. Raising the ceiling above is not necessary, because in winter the room will warm up for a long time. It is advisable to build an attic above the barn, due to which it will be warmer in the pen in winter. In addition, when stored in the attic of hay, you can organize the supply of power for the bulls and cows directly on top.
The building must have windows, as animals need daylight, especially in the winter season.
The floors in the barn are recommended to be made concrete, since this material does not let in or absorb moisture and odors. However, for the cows such floors will be too cold, so you will need a bed of straw. An excellent way to solve the problem will be special wooden boards made by hand, which can be cleaned when washing the room.
To create a slope (1-2 cm) in the direction of the zhizhesbornik, floors are erected 10-15 cm above ground level. A groove for collecting manure and urine is done at the end of the slope. This is a tray or container with dimensions of 10x20 cm.
In order to prevent the accumulation of harmful substances in the air, it is advisable to equip waste disposal in the container. Manure tray perform with a slight bias for the flow of urine so that the swill on the outlet came in a larger tank, about 1 cu. This is enough to accumulate waste from one cow with a calf in about 20-30 days. In the presence of the litter for animals from the straw, the need for the manufacture of zhizhesbornik disappears.
In the room where KRS is constantly located, fresh air is needed, for which several ventilation openings are provided in the walls, which close during the cold season. For lighting, in addition to windows and the presence of daylight, we also need electric lamps that meet all fire safety standards.
The construction project must assume the parameters of animals for the correct location of them in a special place called the stall. Here is the approximate amount of space required by animals:
- adult chick - about 6 sq.m .;
- cow with calf - 9-10 sq.m .;
- calf - up to 3-4 sq.m .;
- goby - about 7-8 sq. m.
They are usually made of wood or metal pipes.
The main rule when using a stall is to arrange cattle with the head towards the feeder, the back part - towards the gutter. The animal should not freely turn around to avoid contamination with manure trough.
Cows should have free access to water and food, so it is important to ensure the correct position of the feeders and drinkers. The shape of the food containers is an inverted trapezium, with a rim 30 cm high at the closest to the cows, 75 cm at the far end, and 40 cm at the bottom.
For ease of washing, there must be holes in the feeder. You can make a box for food from wood and process it to smoothness so that the cattle does not hurt, or you can buy it from a plastic or artificial material store.
It is advisable to make the trough automatic so that the cows can drink freely at any time. More details on this topic can be found in the article "The choice of cattle feeders".
The barn should have a separate walking pens - a platform for walking cows and calves with an area of at least 500 square meters, with a closed canopy and side partitions. The corral must be fenced so that the herd does not disperse. Construction materials in this case can be timber, boards, and for a shed or slate flooring.
The cowshed will be home not only for bulls and cows, but also for dairy calves, for which they will equip a special place in the pen. As a rule, these are separate cages or houses, in each of which there is one calf. This simplifies the care and care for babies, and also makes it possible to care for weak animals.
You can make a house for calves from wood with your own hands or buy a ready-made plastic box in the store.
With proper design and compliance with all the above factors, you can build a great barn with your own hands, and your animals will find a reliable roof over your head.
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