Her milk production in the future will depend on how she canspeed the heap. Razdeem is a set of actions to increase milk production in the first period of lactation - the formation and release of milk. It includes a full balanced feeding, adherence to technologies of manual or machine milking, good conditions and careful care. This is especially important for heifers, when the appearance of the first calf starts the process of milk production.
Preparing for a swim
In order for the section of the heifer to be successful, you need to combine:
- training for milking;
- advanced diet;
- hygiene, inspection and regular massage of the udder;
- compliance with milking technology;
- daily regime.
Preparing a cow for a swim begins even before calving. Balanced feed helps the body to accumulate reserves, which are actively spent in the novocality period (10-15 days). To teach the heifers to hands, her udder is massaged with light stroking movements even before childbirth. On large farms they are also accustomed to the noise of milking machines.
On the day of calving, it is helpful to give the animal warm, salted water. The first days after birth for the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases, the diet of the cow should be smaller and more nutritious than before.
Gradually, the amount of feed and the content of concentrates in it increase, constantly monitoring the condition of the animal. If, after calving, the udder swells strongly, remove silage from the diet and reduce the amount of water. By the end of the period with such a diet, with a healthy first-calf diet, the udder becomes soft and supple. It responds to the increase in diet by gradually increasing milk production.
How to start distributing
Usually, the first milking is carried out several hours after calving. For the prevention of paralysis due to paresis, some milk is left in the udder. If the heifer is nervous, try to soothe her with a gentle tone and stroking, offer her a treat. If she beats and does not let her close, confuse her hind legs. For especially shy ones, make a loop, grab the front leg of the animal, bend it slightly at the knee and tie it tightly. Lock the tail.
Attempts to immediately increase the yield can not be started. The first days the cow gives colostrum to the calf. In addition, the load on the mammary glands harms the body weakened by calving.
The multiplicity affects the increase in milk yield as well as feeding. First calf after calving can be milked up to 5 times a day. Later, the number of milkings is often reduced to three. Before the procedure, be sure to inspect and wash the udder.
Features of feeding when stripped
Section - the most "fruitful" time. For 90-100 days, you can increase your daily intake by more than 20%.
Section of the first-calves lays their productivity for the years ahead.
Cows readily respond to improved housing and feeding. During the period of milking the cow is transferred to the advanced nutrition. The animal gets 1-2 feed units more than it should be, at the rate of 2-3 kg of the main feed plus 100-150 g of concentrate per liter of milk produced.
With an increase in milk yield, the amount of consumed food is added again, and so on until the volumes of milk stop growing. Feed of the same volume and composition continues to be given for ten days. Then reduce the proportion of concentrates and root crops, until then, until there is a balance between the need for feed and productivity. In the water is not limited. It is important to ensure that the first-calf cow, or the cow that has already given birth, does not overeat and gain weight. It reduces milk yield.
After the end of the kneading lactation stabilizes. Choosing the right diet helps maintain a long, stable productivity of the cow.
Volume and composition of feed
For example, in the table we give a daily feed ration for a first-calf dairy breed cow:
The ratio of bulky feed (greens, hay, haylage), and concentrates should be 60:40. To prevent diseases in the diet add vitamins and mineral supplements. The composition and volume should be adjusted as necessary and the taste of the animal.
But even with the highest productivity, the level of concentrates should not exceed 50%. If possible, summer heifers useful to graze.
Methods and frequency of milking
Milking consists of several stages:
- getting milk;
- care after milking.
- Before each milking, the udder is inspected, washed and massaged.
The distributed hefty is milked manually or with the help of the milking machine. At home, use the first method. Milking heifers need fist, grabbing the nipple with all your fingers. Machine mode is convenient in large farms. It requires equipment and trained workers.
After receiving the main amount of milk, the udder massage is done and the animal is completely finished. It saves the cow from mastitis. At the end of each milking, disinfects and lubricates the nipples.
The number of milkings and the interval between them should be the same. The animal gets used to the regime and produces milk by the time of milking.
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