In the barnyard, a cow feeder is a must-have inventory. The content of cattle without this element is very difficult. Such a device is convenient for both sides. First, from the farmer's side - the correct maintenance of the animal, convenient feeding, ensuring cleanliness in the barn. Secondly, for cattle - timely food and watering, as they need to maintain a balance of nutrients. Tanks must be produced and installed according to different rules, which will be discussed in the article.
All farms and farms, where cattle are kept, are settled reliably and functionally. It must be remembered and convenience. Competently located containers for eating and drinking are comfortable living conditions. Tara should be suitable for dry and wet food.
Hay and grass are usually placed in hinged rectangular containers. Due to the fact that the cows have a habit of scattering food or digging it, it is desirable to make a wall in the form of a grid in front. Through it, animals can also get the required amount of feed.
For liquid food the feeder is made of plastic, but buckets can also be used. Of course, it is desirable to be able to fix so that the cows could not turn them over. The container is installed so that later it was convenient to remove it for cleaning and washing.
In any case, each version of the barn feeders should be periodically cleaned, so they should be removable.
Tara for pasture
If cattle are kept in a stall-pasture system, then all feeding places should be equipped according to the rules. This is necessary to ensure maximum functionality - a small part of the loss of food and its greater consumption, as well as good capacity. In this case, the workers do not put additional effort.
On pastures it is also necessary to install cattle feeders, especially during periods when the vegetation is small. Usually the lack of greens falls on the autumn period. Often hay is folded in small stacks, but this option is very wasteful. The product is pulled apart or embedded in the ground.
Troughs made in the form of a cone or an inverted triangle will be an excellent way out. They can be of any convenient length, and the side walls in the form of rods. Below there is a special tray in which small blades of grass are gathered. In such a container is placed a roll of hay and it lasts for a long time.
Feeding with grain or mixed fodder can also occur on the walking areas. Even if greens are abundant, dairy cows and individuals with a calf need additional food. In this case, automatic feeders are fitted. The advantages are that the food supply is continuous, but in small doses.
Often with the help of such a device, calves are also fed, but only with special fences from adults.
Cow table in the barn
Feeder for bulls and cows in the barn is located mainly in the aisle. This is a kind of corridor, which is a few centimeters above the floor, from 10 to 30. On one or both sides, it is enclosed by walls approximately 50 cm in height. This allows food not to get under the hooves of animals, and manure is not mixed with food. Plus, this table is also in the fact that to make it very simple, as well as clean from the remnants of food and dirt.
If the livestock is large, the feed mixer helps. This is a kind of mixer that mixes the components of the feed. It can be combined with a feeder that puts food in the feeders.
Farms are of a tethered type. In this case, the animals are fixed, and the table does not require additional fencing. If the cows are not tied, then make special grids that will not allow uncommitted cattle to penetrate the table. They are of three types:
- oblique - this is a better fixation of livestock;
- vertical - animals move more freely and can interfere with each other;
- Automatic fixation is a modern method that can be useful for other purposes - veterinary examination, insemination and various other procedures.
If the stall or the barn is small, then you can make the feeder mounted type. When the livestock does not exceed 10 cows, no automation is required. In this case, an individual approach is welcome. Tanks can be for different types of food - liquid and coarse. Wet food is not always present in the diet, but hay, grass, straw are used constantly, so you can not do without containers for them.
Making containers for food
Now let's talk about how to make a cow feeder with your own hands.
One of the options - the capacity, which recline walls. For her fit such wood species as pine or oak. To build a feeder, you need to properly work with the material, be able to clean it and later operate.
For the manufacture of useful boards, planer, jigsaw, saw, tape measure, slats or fittings. First you need to prepare a product chart. Standard sizes are taken, where the feeder is 80 cm wide, the bottom is 45 cm wide, the inner side is 100 cm high, and the outer side is 30 cm high. For ease of use on the inner side it is desirable to make a recess for the neck of the cattle. Reiki or fittings are mounted on the finished product in order to avoid spilling of feed.
Feeding trough for cattle can be group. The technology of its production is more complex, since the design is metallic. It may require pipes, a "grinder" and a welding machine.
Animals in the stall, especially highly productive cows, need plenty of fluids. During the day they can drink up to 100 liters of water. To drinkers should be free access, and they themselves are always full. If there are few of them, then additionally use basins, buckets, troughs. But here it is necessary to ensure that the containers are not turned over. Again, it all depends on the number of heads in the barn.
If a farm with a large population, the group drinking bowl will be just right. The simplest option is a large diameter polypropylene pipe cut along. At both ends, it is brewed and an acceptable water container is obtained. It can be used on pastures where there is no water supply.
There are also more complex options that are used on farmer complexes with running water. For example, a float model resembles the action of a cistern in a toilet. When the volume of water in the tank decreases, the liquid is automatically supplied to the desired level.
There is a valve model. In this case, when drinking a cow with its nose presses the lever, carrying out water supply. A wild animal can easily damage such a system.
If you liked the article, then put Like.
We are also waiting for comments on the topic of cattle feeders.