The moment when you can drink cow's milk after calving does not occur immediately. The liquid that emerged from the nipples immediately after childbirth should not be eaten, as it has a special composition and taste. At the same time, the lactation and the condition of the animal must be closely monitored so that the cow will not fall ill. It also happens that milk does not come all the way, but you cannot get a cow out. About all that relates to the use of the main product produced by the cow after the birth of a calf, we will tell in this article.
When should milk appear
The organism of each cow is individual, so lactation can begin in different ways. Usually a couple of days before birth a colostrum first appears in the animal - a thick yellowish liquid. The udder at this time is already noticeably increased, but its structure is elastic to the touch, not solid. Sometimes colostrum appears even earlier, and sometimes later - right during calving or after it.
Colostrum has a special composition, different from ordinary milk. It can be eaten, but the taste and smell are unpleasant for a person, therefore, as a rule, they do not drink it and do not use it for cooking.
But for a calf it is very important whether he drinks colostrum in the first hour of life. It helps cleanse the intestines, colonize it with "adult" microflora and launch its full-fledged work. Sometimes a cow after calving does not produce colostrum. Then you need to make a substitute. Take a liter of fresh milk, 15 grams of fish oil, 10 grams of salt and 2-3 chicken eggs. The calf should drink this mixture 4 times a day.
After calving, the cow does not give milk immediately. The first time it is milked 1.5 hours after delivery, but you can drink milk only when the colostrum disappears and regular liquid begins to be produced - in 7-10 days.
How to distribute an animal
Section allows you to maintain the productivity of animals. Often, after calving, cows begin to produce little milk. To avoid this, they must be distributed.
For distribution of animals prepared in advance, immediately after launch, giving increased portions of food. So the cow will accumulate nutrients that she will miss after giving birth. Dispensing time - three months after the appearance of the calf. The cow is fed abundantly, milked regularly, and an udder massage is required. After the first calving, young animals are more difficult than the “experienced” relatives, so they need to be carefully taught to the milking process itself.
In the first few days, the cow is milked 4-5 times a day. During this period, the udder needs special care. It is not yet elastic, but rather solid, but sensitive. Massage allows you to adjust lactation, and special ointments - to protect the udder skin from injury.
Distribution after a false pregnancy
In cattle, like in many other animals, sometimes there is such a thing as a false pregnancy. As a result, the embryo is resorbed, and although the cow looks pregnant, the calf is not born. There is nothing terrible, in nature it happens. However, changes still occur in the animal's body.
Now tell you how to fan a cow after a false pregnancy. In fact, this is not supernatural. During a kind of calving, such a "pregnant" cow will have amniotic fluid. After that, you need to wait a few hours, and after that time, milk the cow. Milk should not be completely donated, leaving a little. The rest of the section is the same as after normal childbirth.
Both in standard cases and after a false pregnancy, milking is taken over twice when the cow began to give at least ten liters of milk per day.
How much milk a cow should give after giving birth
How much milk a cow gives depends not only on the care and diet, but also on its breed, age and season. For example, lactation is less productive in winter, therefore, pregnancy of cows is often planned for the cold season.
Also, the volumes of milk increase after four calving, to the fifth. One such "experienced" cow gives an average of 12 liters per day. For comparison: the firstheater produces 7-9 liters. At the same time, the leaders of dairy production, females of Holstein and Yaroslavl breeds, can produce as much as 40 liters per day.
Active milk production does not begin immediately, so if your burenka initially gives you little milk, do not rush. Lactation will gain momentum.
Causes of low yields
Scientifically low lactation is called hypogalactia. She may have different reasons. Often a small amount of milk after calving is obtained due to improper milking. To avoid this, you need to follow the rules:
- strict milking schedule - so that the cow's body goes into rhythm;
- nutritious, stimulating lactation of feed 2 hours before milking;
- compliance with sanitary norms during milking (their violation causes diseases that reduce or even stop lactation);
- Massage at every milking (it will increase the amount of cow's milk).
First, give out the rear dollars, then the front. You need to do this with all your fist, not just your fingers. The animal should be milked no more than five minutes. Even if liquid remains in the udder, the procedure is terminated. It is better to get a little less milk, but do not harm the animal.
Observing these rules, you will soon see that a cow produces significantly more milk. Of course, provided she is healthy. The second cause of hypogalactia is illness. If they are, you should immediately treat the animal, after consulting a veterinarian.
Lack of milk is a cause for alarm
Much worse is the situation when your cow is calming, the time for the appearance of lactation has passed, and there is still no milk. This phenomenon is called agalactia. You can not shut your eyes to the problem, because it says that the animal is unhealthy.
During and after pregnancy, many complex physiological changes occur in the livestock organism. Calving weakens the female and makes it vulnerable. It is not surprising that many violations make themselves felt during this period.
If a cow has calved, but it does not have milk, the reasons may be the following: inflammatory diseases, impaired milk reflex, or you feed it poorly.
The last two problems are relatively easy to handle. Solutions are the organization of good nutrition and lack of stress. Cow give more succulent feed, nutritional supplements, additional vitamins. Also help drugs that activate lactation.
Excessive stress and inflammation as a reason for the lack of milk
Even if the cow’s pregnancy was easy, it does not mean that the cattle after calving is ready for active milking. Excessive loads lead to operational agalactia. Starting "buttons" of this pathology - an excessively intensive section, too young cow age, long (more than 300 days) lactation, too frequent or too rare milkings.
The situation is puzzling as to why the cow began to give a lot of milk after calving, and then it suddenly disappeared. Answer: due to the excessive enthusiasm of the hosts.
The cow should rest after giving birth. If you milk it too actively, you get the opposite effect.
As a consequence, agalactivity can result in sticking, lack of walking (especially in winter). What to do with it? Normalize the daily regimen, introduce vitamin and mineral supplements and look at the condition of the cow. If there is no progress, call a specialist.
Finally, agalactia causes illness and poisoning. Very often, the milk disappears due to poor udder care, uterus inflammation, mastitis, ketosis. Such problems cannot be solved without medication. The main thing is not to start, otherwise the treatment and recovery will take a lot of precious time. As for the second - poisoning - they are treated as usual, but after recovery, the female will also need time to lactate.
As we can see, how much a cow gives milk after giving birth and what quality it almost always depends on the owner, on caring for the animal. What do you think? Share your opinion in the comments.
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