It’s a paradox, but when asked how to milk a cow correctly, most novice farmers can give you a whole lecture. Nevertheless, a couple of elementary questions of a real specialist put such "smart people" to a standstill. The topic is important and quite extensive, it concerns both the cows and their owners, because some suffer when they are milked incorrectly, and the second receive less profit. Let's go through the main stages of milking cattle and analyze the existing methods, and most importantly, we will try to justify the technology.
Modern methods of milking cows are not replete with diversity. If earlier only the manual method was used for milking a cow, then from about the middle of the last century milking machines appeared in the cows. It is impossible to argue categorically that one of the methods is better or worse. It all depends on the specific situation.
First of all, remember - you only need to milk a cow in any one way. The transition from manual to machine milking is possible, but it must be done carefully. The organization of this process will be given later.
It is physically harder to milk by hand, and this method is relevant except for personal farms, which contain up to 2-3 heads of livestock. But there are situations when the machine simply cannot bore a cow. So, if the size of the nipples does not exceed 3-4 cm, then the milking machine simply has nothing to cling to. It is problematic to use the device in case of asymmetric or sagging udder of cows.
Each method has its adherents, but the professionals tend to the machine direction. The benefits are as follows:
- higher level of hygiene;
- the cow is not "attached" to a certain person;
- minimum labor costs;
- performance is several times higher.
In modern animal husbandry, the organization of the milking process largely depends on the method of keeping cows. There are tethered and loose-housing content. In the first case, the cow is given a small, but personal stall, where it can only stand, lie and take a couple of steps to the feeder.
The leash content is designed for large barns, as it is much easier and easier to milk a cow in them. The secret of success is simple - milking cows with tethered content allows you to organize a personal approach to each cow. In other words, the stall for a cow becomes a familiar, familiar home. So, nothing worries her there, in fact, why high results are achieved.
The organization of loose housing content more suitable farms with free grazing. In this case, equipped with the so-called milking parlors. They can be on the territory of the barn or in a separate room. Animals in them give birth to the parties in turn and only for milking. On the one hand, free, meadow grazing is, of course, better, but on the other, milking resembles a conveyor belt, which can reduce productivity, because a cow is not a machine.
For cows, milking is a ritual. The organization of both manual and machine milking is a delicate matter and there are no trifles here. If you want to achieve real results, then treat the cow with love and affection. Here everything is important, starting with the massage before and after milking and ending with which side to approach the cow.
The hygiene of milking cows is important with any method of maintenance, but with a manual method it is especially relevant. First of all, the stall must be clean before milking the cow it needs to be removed. The cow is a fearful animal, therefore you only need to approach it from the front, so that it can see you.
Animals love talking to them. If you feel some kind of tension, treat a cow with a carrot or a sweet pumpkin, often such a treat calms them down. Usually the cow is milked sitting on the right side, although there is not much difference if you are left-handed, you can sit on the left. The main thing that it was only one side, because the animal gets used.
Step-by-step manual milking technique for cows is described in detail in the article “How to milk cows with your hands”, and we'll talk further about proper preparation and udder massage.
Udder preparation and massage
Here also, the first item is hygiene udder. Before milking the cow, the udder must first be washed with warm water and laundry soap. And you need to wash not only the udder, but the space around it.
In no case can even be allowed to rinse the cow's udder with any flavorings, not to mention the use of odorous toilet soap. The animal strongly smells and does not accept such procedures.
After washing, the udder is wiped dry with a soft cloth. Then there is a massage, but in order for it to pass without any excesses, you must first lubricate your hands and udder with at least Vaseline. Ideally, use a special ointment.
The sequence of actions during the massage is approximately as follows. The first point is light stroking. Then 20-30 seconds more intense massage. Next comes the imitation of the calf's actions. You gently squeeze the nipple into a fist and slightly push it, but without fanaticism. You can massage your nipples with your fingers. That is how the calf pokes its muzzle into the udder.
Fighting bad habits
During milking, some cows start to kick, turn over the milking capacity and generally behave aggressively. First you need to find out and eliminate the cause of the aggression. Often this is a rough handling or errors in the distribution. And to return everything back to normal, there are several ways.
To prevent the cow from kicking, they either tie the nearest leg to some pole, or confuse the legs between themselves. But this method solves the problem only in part and only for a while.
To eradicate a bad habit, before milking, talk to an animal, treat it to a treat (carrot, pumpkin, etc.) and cover your back with a wet towel. And when the brute calms down, you can start milking. Some practice corporal punishment, such as light blows with a small whip, but rudeness is the path to nowhere.
If the cow is butting, then before milking in her ear, you can wear a centimeter gum, cut off from the bicycle tire. As a rule, after this, these attempts end.
When buying a cash cow, ask the previous owners for some clothes that they used to care for the cow. Burenka smells the familiar smell and takes you for her.
The general technology of milking cows with the help of the apparatus, short of the presence of the apparatus itself, differs little from the manual version. But the nuances are still there. In the same way as in the manual version, the cow's udder must be thoroughly washed and massaged. Then nipples should always be smeared with petroleum jelly, because after the vacuum of the milking machine there is a high probability of their cracking.
The organization of the process itself is simple, in detail, to the smallest detail it is painted in the material “On milking machines and machine milking of cows”. We'll just a little more detail on the important point in the end of the machine milking. Name this moment - idle milking.
Single milking is the period of time between giving out and turning off the machine. The fact is that if you immediately turn off the machine and remove it from the udder, then inside will remain part of the unbroken milk, which is bad for the health of the cow. So, before disconnecting, you need to slightly push and lift the glasses, thereby collecting the milk that is left inside.
In no case can not tear the glasses from the udder, until the vacuum is turned off, after such actions the cow will be afraid of the machine.
How to retrain
Manual milking of cows is a laborious task, which is why even with a slight increase in the livestock population, the owners are forced to switch to automatic milking. A cow is an animal conservative and it is hard to retrain it from the manual to the mechanical version, but it is possible.
As a rule, it takes 3-4 days. You need to start with treats, strokes and soothing procedures, such as towels on the back. Any milking system makes an unusual sound for the animal, so the first time you need to turn on the machine, and continue to milk it yourself. After a couple of days, you can try to connect the glasses, but at the same time stay close, behave kindly and try to calm down the cow.
There is also a moment of retraining a cow for a smaller number of milkings, but here often there are no problems. In general, the first 2-3 months after birth, the cow is milked up to 6 times a day. Then go to the three-time milking, and closer to the launch bring the frequency up to 2 times. But regardless of the number of times, it is necessary to milk at regular intervals at the same time.
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