Hundreds of years ago, a neutered bull performed the hardest work for a man. To date, these animals are bred mainly for slaughter. Cattle are deprived of the gonads in order to get a calm animal. This procedure is carried out in the calves, which do not go further for breeding purposes. Castration is carried out, as a rule, up to six months of age. Such individuals are called oxen. Their meat is much softer and tastier than that of a bull.
Castration is carried out by several people. The bull is firmly tied by the horns and pressed firmly with his fingers on its nasal septum. Further, firmly resting on the macklock (protrusion on the lower back), they press the individual against the wall so that the bull lies on its side completely. In this position it is always convenient to carry out the necessary manipulations.
There are several surgical methods for removing the testicles in an animal: with forceps, a scalpel or with the help of a castration loop. The procedure should be carried out by experienced professionals. After removal of the testicles, the bull acquires a different status and is called an ox.
Upon completion of the operation, the scrotum must be lubricated with Lysol or Creolin ointment for the first 3 days. And from the second day it is already possible to take an ox-ox for 30 minutes for a walk twice a day. Usually after 7-10 days of castration the animal is ready for full-fledged work.
External characteristic of cattle
An ox is a bull whose seminal fluid stops being released. Against this background, his bones begin to grow in size. Castrated animals have thicker, straight legs. Their knee joints are quite powerful, and their hooves are voluminous and thick.
The broad sacrum of these representatives indicates good meat characteristics.
A strong and healthy ox has the following characteristics: the lower the chest bone from the spine and the deeper the chest, the more massive the lung in the chest. Such animals are able to carry enormous loads, and you can get quite high-quality meat from them. For example, a well-developed humpbacked ox (or zebu) has a long and heavy head with a muscular, moderately protruding neck. He has a high withers and well-developed chest.
Benefits of keeping the best breed for breeding
The main advantages of a bull-eunuch include the following:
- economical content;
- a significant amount of manure that can be used for fertilizing any type of soil without harm;
- incredible stamina and excellent health;
- tasty fatty meat.
In Russia, animals are bred mainly in the southern strip.
The most valuable species are steppe cattle, especially gray Ukrainian. These animals are highly productive and unpretentious in content.
The advantage of oxen meat
To obtain high-quality meat, the castration of a bull is desirable to be carried out at the age of one. The procedure carried out in such an early period helps the young body best adapt to hormonal changes. In oxen, the body begins to develop more proportionally than in bulls, and the backbone becomes much easier. Thus, the uniform distribution of fat mass in all parts of the body provides a proportional increase in live weight of oxen.
Neat meat contains 2 times more fat than non-castrated individuals. This is due to the fact that the operation interrupts the production of hormones, as a result, the metabolic processes in the body decrease. In addition, the oxen is the most juicy in its taste characteristics and does not have a specific smell. The biochemical changes in the composition of the blood of the castrated animal create a thin-fiber structure, and the taste is the finest meat.
Obviously the indisputable advantage of an ox over a bull. In addition, castrated individuals, due to the low content of sex hormones, are not able to experience cravings for cows, and therefore are calmer.
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