When a cow does not give milk, it can in no way please her owner. After all, livestock farms rely on providing themselves with this product and its derivatives. This is the only reason why farmers give birth to dairy cattle. It is important to remember that returns may stop completely or the yield will drop to a minimum. In such cases, it is necessary to determine why the animal reduces the rate of milking, and figure out what to do to correct such an unpleasant situation.
Because of what cows reduced milk yield
To begin with, it is necessary to focus on the fact that an animal can have both a complete absence of milk, that is, agalactia, and a significant decrease in its volume during the milking process, that is, hypolactia. Both situations signal certain problems and have common causes, in particular:
- Seasonal decline is observed in mature cows and in the dry period;
- the birth of a calf, which is a natural and time limited factor;
- improper feeding of the animal, the monotony of the diet and the lack of essential vitamins - the main reason that the cow provides much less milk than it can;
- diseases of the digestive system, because of which there is a poor absorption of nutrients, with the result that the cow has reduced or significantly reduced its milk yield;
- transferred stress, as a result of which the cow becomes less productive;
- poor quality conditions of the animal lead to the fact that the cow begins to give milk in smaller quantities, up to a complete cessation;
- lack of grazing and low locomotor activity of cattle.
The transferred stress will make the problem of reducing the milk yield temporarily, soon everything will go into the usual norm. All other situations require mandatory elimination of the causes of changes in indicators.
What needs to be done to increase the yield
The main task of the breeder is to quickly determine the reasons why the cow began to give less milk or even stopped its return. Here it is not only a matter of the decline in the productivity of the animal, but also that the same agalactia most often indicates serious health problems that need to be resolved immediately.
The first thing to do is review the conditions of the animal and its diet. It is advisable to increase the consumption of hay and roots, in addition, you need to take care that any annoying factors that can disturb the cow disappear. Equally important is the observance of the milking mode.
Much worse, if the animal began to give little milk as a result of the disease, for example, mastitis. In this case, the nipples are clamped, the milking process becomes more complicated and becomes very painful. This disease can lead to agalactia, when all the milk disappears, so the first priority is getting rid of the disease by therapeutic methods. For this purpose, used drugs of various kinds of actions, and it is desirable that this process took place under the control of a veterinarian.
Proper milking is key to success.
The correct preparation and organization of this procedure plays a huge role in maintaining and increasing the yield. It often happens that a cow began to give less than usual milk due to improper milking. Here it is important to observe a few simple but effective conditions so that such indicators do not fall below the norm.
The main requirement is that the process should take place at the same time. For many dairy breeds, milking is normal three times: in the morning, at lunch and in the evening. In addition, it is necessary to carry out simple preparatory work, in particular, to clean the stall of dirt and take care of getting rid of annoying buzzing and blood-sucking insects. For this purpose, many use smoke, used in beekeeping.
Pay attention to the atmosphere and massage
Of great importance is the stay of the animal in a comfortable and relaxed atmosphere. Often, a cow is tied to a cow, including its tail, in order to restrict movement during milking, although some experienced milkmaids do without it. The milking procedure itself begins with washing the udder with warm water, and continues with a massage. The significance of the latter should not be underestimated: it contributes to the prevention of mastitis and the enhancement of milk production.
The duration of the massage should not be more than 30 seconds, since from the beginning of the preparatory activities the hormone oxytocin is released into the animal's brain. It affects the muscle tissue, allows you to make sure that the nipples do not pinch and the flow of milk has been increased. Its maximum occurs after the first 45 seconds, so it is important to start milking within one minute.
At the end of the process you should finish the cow. This is necessary to reduce the threat of inflammation of her udder. The hostess, who made the simple actions described above, can safely count on a favorable outcome of milking.
Why you shouldn’t be afraid to reduce or stop milk production
By itself, the fact of reduction or fall in milk yield should not become a cause for panic. If a cow does not give milk in its usual mode or volume, then this is not necessarily related to health problems.
The reasons may be the most innocuous and even natural. For example, a cow has a calf and a reduction in the volume of milk is a natural phenomenon.
It also happens that a cow pinches milk due to improper milking, a stressful situation or being in a frightening environment. In all such cases, problems are intermittent and easily fixed.
The owner should make sure that the animal is in appropriate conditions during its maintenance. This will give the opportunity not to experience any problems with milking. It is always easier to prevent the appearance of a problem than to deal with it later.
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