You need to clearly understand how to make rabbit skin at home to get a good quality fur. This is a long sequential process that consists of specific steps. In no case should you allow haste, fuss and carelessness in work. Of particular importance are the initial activities after the slaughter of the animal, since they determine the success of further processing of rabbit skins. Accurate implementation of all recommendations guarantees an excellent result.
The most optimal fur has a rabbit or rabbit 8-9 months of age weighing 3-4 kg. At this time, the structure of the rabbit "coat" is already fully formed. For quality material it is best to work with the skins after molting, which takes place in most cases until November.
This will help to provide pre-prepared tools, substances. Among them, you can highlight a large capacity, a sharp knife or a device for "fleshing out", a drying pig or "rule", certain chemical reagents.
Devices for drying skins come in various designs. There are also several different ways of making rabbit skins. For each case, you can choose the most appropriate technology. The main thing is a high-quality rabbit fur raw material that meets all the requirements of production.
Preparation for skinning after slaughter
The quality of the whole workmanship depends on compliance with technological requirements. First of all, on how to remove the skin from the rabbit.
There are several popular ways to remove rabbit skin. Among them, the most widespread method of the tube, which allows you to not make extra cuts along the abdomen. This method can be used in the processing of rabbit carcasses at home.
It facilitates further drying and dressing of raw materials. Strictly adhering to the technology, observing the rules of caution, such a procedure can be carried out step by step each with his own hands.
There is a step-by-step instruction on how to properly skin a newly slaughtered animal. First, from the bloodless carcass must remove urine, clean the fur. Then, with a sharp knife, make a neat cut in the area of the hock joints, without exerting any effort.
At the tips of the paws, raise the skin, plunge a strut of wood into them. However, its length should correspond to the size of the hind legs. It is important that after placing the carcass of her hind legs form an equilateral triangle.
There is a proven technology to skin a rabbit. Having stretched the carcass on the strut, it is necessary to make a U-shaped incision in the area of the second hock joint. Carefully cut the skin around the anus and urogenital area.
Push the knife blade up in the crotch area and cut the skin, take it with both hands and pull it down with the fur inside. If you have difficulty, you cannot use force, but it is better to use a knife, leaving fat on the carcass.
From the forelimbs, the skin is removed alternately, they are pulled out. At the end of the procedure, an incision should be made above the hock joint of the lower limbs. The hardest thing to remove the skin from the head, because there will require a maximum of cuts.
You should start with the ears, then move to the eyes using a well-ground knife. After removing the skin, you need to dry it for an hour, and then remove the remnants of fat, tendons and muscles.
Stretch for drying
For uniform, high-quality drying of rabbit skins in household conditions, they are fixed with small nails on special devices (rules) with the wrong side (fins) out. At the same time, it is not recommended to strongly tighten the skins, because in this case there is a danger of their damage.
So that skin does not form folds, it does not wrinkle and evenly dry, you should not allow low tension. After installing the spacers, you can hang the material to a person's height. It is important to take care of the strength of the rope, since some effort is required when removing the treated leather.
Putting the raw material on the rules should be fur inside, paying particular attention to the symmetrical arrangement of its individual parts. In addition, you should carefully straighten all the existing folds. Dry it with good air circulation, low humidity in shaded areas.
Technology of manufacture
After removing the skin from the rabbit's carcass, it must be prepared in a certain way. The paired fur material is characterized by softness and elasticity. It is important to preserve these original properties. To do this, it should be processed with tools and chemicals.
Dressing rabbit skins at home should occur sequentially, step by step.
The following important steps can be noted:
- preparation, which consists of soaking, washing, entrenching, degreasing;
- dressing, including pickling, pickling, tanning, greasing;
Before you begin to work with the material, it should be thoroughly cleaned from the remnants of blood or dirt. To do this, use a specially prepared mixture consisting of 10 g of soda ash and 100 g of soap, dissolved in one liter of water. In such a warm solution should be carefully washed fresh raw materials.
Soaking raw materials
It is very important initially to follow a clear plan on how to make rabbit skin, removed and cleaned of muscle and fat residues. At the first stages it should be soaked. For these purposes, perfect enamelware, inside which you want to put the raw material and fill it with water for several days. In this case, the water should be periodically changed. For 1 kg of skins will need 3 liters of water.
To prevent the development and reproduction of harmful bacteria, water is recommended to be replaced with special solutions. For example, dissolve 50 g of borax salt and 30 g of borax and 2 g of carbolic acid in 1 liter of water.
This solution must be thoroughly mixed and pour the material placed inside the enamelled container, which is under the yoke. This stage of dressing hides at home should last 3-4 days. In some cases, the soaking procedure can be shortened.
The finished raw material should be free to ply in the solution and not float. If the hair is easily pulled out in the groin, the skin is ready and this stage should be stopped.
Procedure of deflation and degreasing
Mezdroy is called the subcutaneous layer of fiber, which requires special treatment according to the technology of the manufacture of fur raw materials. Thickness and softness of the base depends on careful removal of organic residues, fat, muscle particles, chaff. To carry out this procedure, the rabbit skin is pulled on the pig head down. You will also need a special scraper or the blunt side of the knife blade.
Scraping movements should be carried out along the ridge from top to bottom and from the center to the periphery. During the procedure, the instrument should be held perpendicular to the working surface and should be made from itself. The result of the processed skin at this stage should be the same material thickness in all zones.
After the extracted raw materials need to degrease. For this purpose, a powder solution is used, which is prepared by diluting 4 g of laundry detergent in 1 liter of water. This mixture is used to rinse before cleansing.
Then in the same volume of water you need to dissolve 10 g of soap and use the resulting solution for final cleaning. The finished material should creak. At the end of the process, the base should be wiped dry with a rag.
Pickling and laying
To make the skins elastic and durable, a pickling procedure using a “pickle”, which is an aqueous mixture of acetic acid and salt, is required. For its preparation you will need 1 liter of water with a temperature of 35 degrees, 30 g of salt and 60 ml of acetic essence. For 1 kg of raw materials required 3 liters of this solution.
Washed and degreased tanned pelts should be dipped in the solution for 12 hours so that they are completely covered with liquid. Once per hour they must be mixed.
To check the readiness of the material, it is necessary to fold the skin four times in the groin area with the sternum up, press the corner and hold the nail along the fold line. If a white stripe appears on this spot, which remains visible for 5 seconds, then the skin is ready.
It should be taken out of solution, slightly unscrewed, folded in a pile under a press. In this state, the raw material should be about 12 hours.
After laying it is necessary to neutralize the material. It is recommended to use an aqueous soda solution, which contains 10 g of soda ash and 1 liter of water. This process takes about 30 minutes.
This procedure makes the raw material more robust, durable. To ferment the material, you need to prepare a mixture of oatmeal or rye flour, 0.5 kg of baking soda, 30 g of salt, 7 g of yeast and 1 liter of hot water. The solution must be thoroughly mixed and allowed to infuse. After cooling, the skins should be immersed in the mixture upside down for two days.
When white plaque and the smell of bread appear on the surface, the material can be reached. Then you need to rinse it and let it drain.
The tanning procedure is aimed at strengthening the skin and making it more resistant to moisture. There are 2 types of this type of dressing. For one of them, 7 g of chrome alum and 50 g of salt are used, which dissolve in 1 liter of water.
Another option involves the use of twigs, willow bark or oak. They need to be filled with water and brought to a boil, and then diluted with one liter of water in which 50 g of salt is dissolved. Inside such solutions, rabbit fur blanks are recommended to hold up to 4 days.
Having processed, having processed a rabbit skin, it is required to pass to the last stage of production which is called zhirovaniye. This will increase the elasticity, strength, water resistance and gloss of the material. The whole procedure is to ensure that the specially prepared water-fat mixture with a swab is applied to the skin.
For the preparation of the mixture will need egg yolk, glycerin in equal proportions, 50 g of soap. These components must be dissolved in 0.5 liters of boiling water. Then, with constant stirring, add half a liter of melted animal fat. This solution must be boiled for 5 minutes, adding 5-10 ml of ammonia in the end.
Saturated with the prepared mixture of a tampon, you need to carefully treat them the entire inner surface of the skin. After that, fold the stack of fur inside and leave them in this position for 4 hours.
After that, to remove the fat at home is required to carefully treat the skin with chalk. At the final stage, you need to knock out chalk and powder, carefully comb the fur.
Options for dressing
The final finishing stage is made at fur enterprises. Rabbit bats pass raw materials of different quality, which can be divided into 4 grades: lush hair, insufficient awn and downy coat, low pile, sparse wool with defects of the core.
Chinchilla breeds are the most valuable fur, white giant, black-brown rabbit. Depending on the purpose of production, the skins are subjected to various types of finishes, but they are rarely painted. In the article "How to butcher a rabbit," you will learn all about cutting animal carcass.
Empirically, the breeders learned how to process fur material using sour milk and the "fresh-dry" method. In the first case, fresh skins are abundantly rubbed with coarse salt, fold inside the skin over each other. After 3 days, salt should be shaken off, put the material in an enamel saucepan with sour milk for 3 days with a flesh out. For 1 pelt you will need 1 liter of fermented milk product.
With the "fresh-dry" method, the workpieces are placed and fixed with nails on the rules with fur inwards so that their length is three times as wide as wide. On all sides, the skins are treated with a mixture of sawdust and gasoline. After that leave in the aired room for 3 days.
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