Fattening bull for meat


One of the most important activities on the farm is feeding the bulls for meat. This business brings farmers a large profit, because with the proper breeding of cattle, the weight of one individual reaches 400 kg and more. Our article will tell you how to feed the animals so that they can gain weight. Young animals should be provided with a high-quality diet, regular check-ups at the vet, a clean stall with fresh bedding, and daily paddock walking.

What you need to know first

It is necessary to fatten the bull from 2-3 months, but sometimes farmers begin the process from one month of age. It is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the organism of animals. About a month, they only form the digestive system, so an insufficient amount of enzymes are produced, which are necessary for successful digestion of food. And this has a negative effect on weight gain.

If you feed a bull with a small amount of food of predominantly plant species, it will not be able to digest. As a result, toxins will accumulate in the intestines and poisoning may begin. In addition, pathogenic bacteria will begin to multiply and interfere with the metabolic process, which will cause intestinal upset. In this case, the bulls will slowly gain body weight, they may begin problems with joints.

To this did not happen, you need to make a table, indicating in it a plan for fattening calves for meat and an approximate diet. Cattle should be fed frequently, but in small portions. In the free access should always be high-quality hay.

Diet up to six months

In order for the bull to have the greatest possible weight, you should find out in advance at the vet how to feed him correctly. Only with the observance of the technology of fattening it is possible to achieve high-quality meat, which will contain many nutrients. Young animals (calves) are not fastidious in eating, so they eat up everything they are offered. In the summer, animals need to be fed with fresh grass. In winter, the diet should include:

  • hay;
  • feed;
  • roots.

From two months on one calf (bull) per day you need about 1.5 kg of feed, 3 kg of root crops and 3 kg of dry grass. Feed the bull should be a certain pattern: first, feed, then roots, and then dry grass. Grain fattening involves the use of crushed grain. But in this case, the calf should get enough water. Vegetables must be clean and finely chopped. It is necessary to give cattle only quality products and make sure that they do not have mold and rot.

Food after six months

Inexperienced farmers sometimes face the question of how to feed a bull after 6 months so that it quickly gains weight. From this age, the diet should include food processing waste: beet pulp, brewer's grain, silage, potato pulp. Green feed should be given gradually, otherwise stomach problems will begin. At first, about 13–14 kg of feed is needed per individual, and this week it is necessary to bring the rate up to 70 kg. For fattening, cereals and beans are effective, and the most valuable part is their leaves, which include many nutrients, vitamins, fiber. From 7 to 9 months you need to feed the bulls dry or fresh grass.

Also as a food for feeding bulls effective roughage, bagasse, bard. You can give about 4 kg of fodder beet, 20 g of chalk, 40 g of salt per day. After a year, the volume of succulent feed doubles, and the amount of feed should be no more than 1 kg

3 months before slaughter, it is necessary to gradually increase the amount of food, while feeding the animals with high-quality hay. In this case, the fattened calf will weigh about 400 kg and it will be possible to achieve tender and lean beef. Feeding should be carried out strictly on schedule, so as not to knock mode.

Whether to castrate gobies

Some farmers believe that feeding the bulls will be more effective if they are neutered. Castrated gobies differ in increased appetite, however, it is necessary to take into account that in this case their muscles will grow much slower. Therefore, the weight of castrati is much less than that of their uncastrated relatives. It should be understood that to gain weight you need a larger amount of food. And because of the underdeveloped muscle tissue in animals, obesity begins, which negatively affects the lean meat.

If the farm made a decision on compulsory castration, it should be carried out before the onset of puberty. You can not castrate an animal before six months. Ideally, the procedure is recommended at one year old. If you hurry, then during the rapid build-up of muscles the individual will grow more slowly. Even if you feed it in between the main meals. You can not delay the procedure, because mature bulls are very strong and aggressive. To cope with an adult animal will not be easy.

Meat of neuter 2 times fatter, different juiciness, tenderness and pronounced taste.

The content of fattened young

It is important not only to understand how to fatten the bulls, but also to create good conditions for them, to provide proper care to protect against diseases. Otherwise, even the highest quality diet will be useless.

It is necessary to pay great attention to the stall in which the young are. It should always be dry and clean. It should be daily to remove the top layer of litter, and 1-2 times a month to change it to a new one. It is important to clean up the manure after each feeding in order to eliminate the unpleasant odor in the room and the spread of pathogenic bacteria.

If you can not clean the stall several times a day, you need to do it at least in the evening. The room must be regularly treated with fleas and lice, to monitor the absence of drafts. The temperature in the stall should not be below 10 ° C.

Feeding should be carried out every 8 hours. Competently selected menu allows you to provide fast fattening without obesity. The veterinarian needs to calculate the daily dietary rate, based on the bull's breed and its initial weight.

Some important rules

All farmers who decide to breed gobies for meat must follow a few important rules. First of all, do not forget to inspect livestock before purchase, so as not to acquire an individual with pathology. The veterinarian must do the necessary vaccinations, otherwise the development of various diseases is possible.

The calf should be accustomed to walking from the first month, but it can only be sent to pasture when the dew comes down. The cattle must be grazed daily in the meadow, otherwise it will grow weak and painful. Feeding for weight gain is common in the European part of the country, in Siberia, Kazakhstan.

If it is very hot outside, animals should be kept in the shade. During puberty, walking should be excluded, because the young growth becomes aggressive and can attack other individuals.

If there are problems with the diet of fattening calves or the state of health of the animal, you should immediately contact a specialist. When raising animals outside the farm, the cattle owner will have to solve these problems himself. Read more about this in the article: "Feeding gobies for meat at home."

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