If a cow chews for several hours a day with almost no stops, you should not doubt her health. Rather, on the contrary, it is a sign of good mood and complete peace that comes during rest. For this feature of these representatives of cattle and called ruminants. The bovine owner needs to worry when this process is absent. And if suddenly the cow does not chew the cud, it is urgent to find out the reason and take action.
First swallows, then chews
People bred cattle for many centuries. They observed and gradually studied the digestive system of animals that were constantly chewing. It turned out that the stomach of a cow is very complicated. There is a version that evolution has influenced the formation of this organ for thousands of years.
The wild cow, which could not stand up for itself, quickly grabbed food, swallowed and hid from predators in a secluded place. And only then began to chew, as if during a vacation. At first glance, it is not clear how to swallow first, and then chew. However, the danger of a situation when suddenly a cow has lost its chewing gum becomes clear if you disassemble the process on the shelves.
The sections of the stomach are the following names:
To understand why there are so many of them, it is necessary to disassemble the function of each, plus consider the work of the intestine, as an important organ of the digestive tract. Only then can one clearly imagine what happens to a cow chewing for several hours a day.
If a cow, for example, eats grass, then the green through the esophagus enters the rumen - this is the first section of the stomach (foreleg). Here the fermentation of consumed products takes place, that is, they are already a little processed.
This is the largest part of the stomach, the capacity can reach 200 liters in an adult cow. In a normally developed calf, a scar accounts for 80% of the total volume of all departments. You can read about how a baby eats, why it loses its appetite and, in general, about the gastric processes in young cattle in the article "How to treat a calf if it lost gum."
The second branch, where food goes, is called the grid. Through her crushed products pass further along the path. And then the gum itself is formed, having the appearance of balls. Fermentation takes place in these two first sections, that is, after the breakdown of carbohydrates, fatty acids (volatile) are formed. The appearance in the stomach of gases, one of which is high-energy methane, contribute to belching.
Porridge is cooked in a book
Large pieces of food (balls) can not pass through the net, and during regurgitation they get back into the mouth through the esophagus. Scientifically, this phenomenon is called rumination. Actually, then the process of the cud begins at the cow. She eats, working hard jaws, until the food is completely chewed. At the same time, small pieces pass into the third section of the stomach, called the book.
This part of the digestive organ received such a name due to the presence of sheets similar to book pages. They have a rough horny composition, which contributes to the grinding of any feed in the mush.
Then the resulting mass passes into the rennet - this is the last, but no less important part of the stomach. It has a glandular structure. In it, all food is processed by gastric juice, protein digestion occurs. After that, the entire contents are sent to the intestines, where the remaining enzymes are absorbed into the blood.
Causes of digestive system failure
Now you know that if a cow does not have a cud, then her stomach has risen or is not working properly. Causes of failure can be:
- swelling of the scar (tympania);
- loss of tonus of the scar, mesh and rennet (atonia);
- ingestion of inedible objects (traumatic reticulitis);
- fetal pressure (in a pregnant cow) on the digestive organs.
A timpania can begin if the animals chew on too much cabbage, corn, or legumes, especially after rain. This food can ferment in the stomach of cows. The formation of a large number of gases clogs the moves for the normal movement of food. As a result, the digestive process is disturbed, and the cow is not chewing.
Accurately determine tympany by force only a doctor. The farmer alone can only assume its occurrence, noting that the animal does not eat, does not drink, has lost gum, hits his stomach with his hind legs and looks back at him. The "risen" stomach can lead to the death of the cow, therefore, a veterinarian is urgently needed to release the accumulated gases in a suitable way. This can be a scar puncture or probing, as well as the use of turpentine or milk for washing the viscera.
Washing, massage and ... magnet help
The above-mentioned atony can occur as a result of infectious diseases, for example, foot and mouth disease or botulism. But more often, the chewing reflexes of a cow are weakened or completely stopped due to poisoning. Treatment includes rumen massage, gastric lavage and diet. If you suspect this pathology, you should also immediately contact a veterinarian and in no case use untested folk remedies. However, diluted in water tincture of hellebore can be used safely. The exact recipe we give below.
If a cow does not have gum, she lost her appetite, and her body temperature rose, then maybe she accidentally swallowed some foreign object. Its presence in the body causes inflammation, usually it gets stuck in the grid.
And here, too, the intervention of an experienced doctor is necessary.
The problem is often solved with the help of surgery. But if the object is metal, then an experienced doctor will be able to get it using a magnetic probe, which is introduced into the stomach of the cow.
Steely cows are treated with a diet
Of particular concern is the situation when a cow loses the chewing reflex during pregnancy. And we must clearly understand what to do and how to treat if a cow does not have a cud at such a difficult time. After all, any wrong actions can harm the unborn calf.
Remember that pregnant cows chew with the same intensity as animals in normal condition. That is, the physiological state does not affect the process of gum. However, when the calving is close, the fruit is quite large in size and weight (25-50 kg). Therefore, in some cases, it can put pressure on the internal organs of the cow and disrupt the work of any part of the stomach. Usually no radical measures are taken to assist, they are limited to a special diet.
Among other reasons stopping the process of chewing in cows are mechanical lesions of the jaw and nervous diseases. In the first case, it will be noticeable that the cow eats with reluctance, as it is in pain. Usually, a visual inspection of a veterinarian immediately finds a solution to correct this pathology. In the second case, a comprehensive examination of the animal.
Solutions for washing and reducing gases
First aid to the cow when stopping the process of chewing involves the infusion of the following solution through a probe: cheremitsu (20 ml) is diluted with 500 ml of water, warmed to room temperature. For the introduction of the inside, you can use the bottle. Caffeine - 20 ml is injected subcutaneously to keep the heart working.
Before finding out the exact circumstances that caused the stomach to stop and the cessation of gum, a starvation diet is prescribed, water is given in unlimited quantities. On the second day, silage and bitter plants, such as wormwood, can already be given. To reduce the amount of gases using the drug "Tympanol", which must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. Then enter the solution into the stomach through a probe.
As a preventive measure for the regulation of chewing gum, one can advise strict observance of the rules of feeding and caring for animals, maintaining sanitary standards in the premises where livestock are kept.
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