Proper fattening of calves for meat allows you to grow healthy animals that will pay back all the money invested in them. There are several ways of feeding the young, each of which requires a long time. Have to spend at least 6 months to get high-quality meat, rich in vitamins. It is important not only to feed the cattle with a balanced diet, but also to organize regular walking on the pasture.
Method of fattening young
You can fatten livestock in three ways: short, medium and long. In the first case, it is assumed intensive nutrition. The process takes no more than 1.5 years, and the total calf weight is 400 kg. With the second method, the ration is moderately plentiful, the period lasts about six months, and the final weight is about 450 kg. If you choose the third method, you will need to spend about 8 months on feeding the animals using a moderate diet. In this case, the calf will weigh about 500 kg.
The recoupment of cash spent on raising calves depends on the choice of their breed. The following factors affect the outcome of animal fattening:
- spacious stall without drafts;
- the presence of an unlimited amount of water;
- the use of crushed oats, barley;
- the use of concentrates.
It is best to slaughter calves to 1.5 years, when their weight is about 400 kg.
Where to start growing
Farmers do not face the question of how to properly feed a calf from birth, so that it gains weight. If you do this summer, then in the fall the animal will be able to score and get good money for the beef sold. To grow cattle at home you need to know how to feed and how to organize care for him.
The calf is best to buy on dairy farms, where there are always a lot of animals and you can purchase the desired breed. When buying livestock, it is advisable to dwell on the breed that is most common in the region. In this case, the difficulties with acclimatization will not be.
It is best to buy cattle for fattening at the age of about 4 months, when its weight is about 95-105 kg. Calves are not whimsical to the conditions of detention, and difficulties with their cultivation will not arise. It is also necessary to monitor the health of the young, in time to make the necessary vaccinations, contact a specialist in case of illness.
How to fatten young
For systematic weight gain in calves you need to follow certain rules. So, fattening of young cattle includes two periods: the main and final.
In the first variant, it is necessary to fatten up livestock and forcefully give a lot of food. Unlike cows, young cattle are less fastidious about food. The calf eats straw, hay and quickly gaining weight. After a year in the diet you need to enter succulent feed and concentrates. Properly fattened cattle for the year increases in size by 8 times.
Animals will grow up healthy if you organize a competent mode of eating. Cattle should eat 3 times a day after an equal number of hours. Grains need to be steamed or chopped, root crops should be washed and peeled, mashed potatoes should be kneaded. Young grass should be given gradually.
Characteristics of livestock diet
At home when fattening calves for meat is important to know what to feed the animals. In winter, they feed mainly on hay, potatoes, beets, and mixed fodder. When it gets warmer, fresh grass is added. For rapid growth per animal, you need about 3 kg of hay, 3.5 kg of root crops and 1.5 kg of feed. When a calf grows to a year, 1 kg of feed is required and twice as much fresh grass.
Green food should be introduced into the diet gradually, otherwise the young will begin to have a digestive upset, and weight will be gained very slowly. First, a day for one calf you need 10-15 kg of feed, then its amount must be gradually added throughout the week. In addition, it is recommended to feed the calves with concentrates in the morning and evening.
Cattle quickly gaining weight on beans and cereals. She must give the leaves, which contain many vitamins and micronutrients. Cellulose, on the contrary, quite a bit.
What determines the quality of meat
Regular and proper feeding of calves affects the taste of meat, weight gain and muscle development. If the young growth has received a scanty diet for a short period, then after an increase in the volume of food, an increased growth will begin. With long-term restriction of the diet there is a risk of lag in development. When there is an alcohol, brewery, sugar or other processing plant near the farm, from 6 months the cattle are fed with food waste.
To get the "marble" meat, you need to feed the animals hard for up to a year. Due to this, the products will be juicy, easily digestible and contain a large number of useful substances. If the fattened youngsters get an inadequate diet, the tendons and bones become larger, and the meat turns out to be tough and weak.
How to organize feeding for animals
An important step in fattening calves (calves) is feeding. But farmers spend it only in those regions where there is a necessary amount of pasture. For an animal to grow up healthy and with sufficient weight, a minimum of 2 hectares of territory is required. Feeding is the cheapest way to increase the weight of the young. Will be able to reduce the amount of feed and save labor professionals. Calves should be on pasture about 15 hours a day. At the same time every day they need to be given about 85-90 g of salt so that they consume a larger amount of feed.
During walking the cattle should have enough water. Especially on sunny days. If there is too little grazing, calves can be offered other grass. When fed, as well as during fattening, animals are given concentrated feed in the amount of not less than 30% of the total diet. Grass and concentrates should be fed before bedtime or at night.
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