Veterinary preparations for cattle help to quickly cure animals and prevent the recurrence of diseases. Probiotics, antibiotics, drugs for the treatment of skin diseases, mastitis, paste for de-fermentation are used. Medicines help to avoid complications during childbirth and after them, serve as prevention of all kinds of pathologies. Medicines are most often used in the form of injections or added to the drinking of an animal. Let's take a closer look at some of them.
With infections and dysbacteriosis
Serum 9 valent is used in infectious diseases of cattle. The drug is effective for salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, parainfluenza-3, forms immunity to Escherichia coli and pathogens of infectious pathologies. For prevention, the drug must be administered twice with a break of a week. For therapeutic - in a double dose at the first signs of the disease.
"Lactobifadol" for animals is used in the treatment of dysbacteriosis. It should be used once a day for a month. A single dose is 25 g per head. "Laktobifadol" must be diluted in milk or water. If the admission was interrupted for some reason, no additional measures are required to extend it. You just need to continue the reception in the same way.
If the metabolism is disturbed or enteritis has happened
Means "Katozal" is used to treat impaired metabolism. In addition, it is a stimulating and tonic drug:
- increases the body's resistance to diseases arising from the lack of magnesium and calcium;
- does not allow the development of complications during childbirth and the postpartum period.
The drug is added to the water for 4-5 days. Instructions for use contains information about the required amount of the drug. When the disease is in the chronic stage, the animal is given half the dose indicated in the instructions. If another treatment is needed, it can be started in at least 5 days.
Enroflon is prescribed for enteritis, bronchopneumonia, mycoplasmosis, salmonellosis, colibacteriosis. It must be given once a day for 4-5 days. The medicine is added to feed or water. After consuming this veterinary preparation, for cattle, slaughter for meat is allowed only after 2 weeks.
Insect protection and mastitis prevention
"Sanoflay" is an insecticidal drug, has a repellent effect. The tool is effective against spiders, from midges, midges and other insects. It should be applied to dry, clean skin without damage. One-time processing is necessary for effective protection. It is not allowed to use "Sanoflay" for cattle on calves younger than a month and cows in the first trimester of pregnancy.
The use of "Mastinol" for cows allows you to protect them from mastitis. The homeopathic medicine is injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly 2-3 times with an interval of 2 days. Per 100 kg you need 1 ml of the product, the maximum allowable dose is 5 ml. In case of serous mastitis, the agent is injected subcutaneously into the inflamed udder daily until complete recovery.
To support calves and pregnant cows
"Oxytocin" is a hormonal drug that stimulates the muscles of the uterus in the last trimester of pregnancy and during childbirth, as well as the secretion of milk. The drug is used during childbirth, if the cow is pregnant with a large calf or the fetus is lying in the uterus incorrectly. It is pricked under the skin, intramuscularly or intravenously. When labor is complex and hormones are required, Oxytocin is administered epidurally along with novocaine. It is important to observe the dosage, otherwise the death of the animal may become a consequence.
"Sedimin" increases the reproductive ability of cows and the viability of offspring, stimulates the development of the calf. It also reduces the possibility of postpartum complications. "Sedimin" helps with endemic goiter, iron deficiency anemia, white muscle disease. The injection should be done in the thigh intramuscularly. Single dose - 30-60 ml.
It is recommended to use veterinary drugs only after consulting with a specialist.
Vitamins and antiparasitic
Eleovit is a vitamin for animals. It is used to improve productive functions, with ulcers, dermatitis. Eleovit is injected into the neck or thigh intramuscularly. To prevent the solution from flowing out, the skin at the injection site must be dislodged. In winter, Eleovit should be warmed to room temperature.
"Ivermek" is an antiparasitic drug. It is injected intramuscularly once in the neck or croup. Calves and cows require 1.0 ml of solution per 50 kg of weight. Animals need to enter "Ivermek" in the fall for the prevention of nematodoses. Also, the drug is applied in the spring before the grazing period. If the drug is used to treat lichen or worms invasions, the injection is given twice with a break of a week.
"Ditrim" is used to treat vibrious diarrhea, metritis, colibacillosis, bronchopneumonia. Application is possible only in the form of intramuscular injections. At 10 kg of animal weight you need 1 ml of "Dietrim" 1 time per day. In acute infections, a similar dose is administered twice a day with a break of 12 hours for two days. Slaughter of cows allowed at least one month after the last injection.
Veterinary drugs for infections include Disparkol. It must be entered twice with an interval of 24 hours. Single dose - 0.15 ml per 1 kg of weight. The drug can cause discomfort, which will pass after a short time. When you skip the injection further treatment is carried out in a similar pattern. Using "Disparkola" is allowed only after heating to 37 degrees.
Startin is used to treat gastrointestinal diseases. With it, it will be possible to improve digestion, suppress the activity of pathogenic bacteria in the intestine. Three bags of medication must be dissolved in 10 liters of hot water (not boiling water), then poured into a jar and left for a day. In this case, the solution should be mixed several times. Startin can be used for 5 days after production.
"Amoxicillin" helps with infectious pathologies of the urinary organs, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract. Also, "Amoxicillin" is well established for the treatment of mastitis, ulcerative skin lesions. The dosage of "Amoxicillin" should not exceed 1 ml per 10 kg of weight. "Amoxicillin" is pricked subcutaneously or intramuscularly. If necessary, re-enter Amoxicillin can be in two days.
How to facilitate childbirth or run the stomach
"Gamavit" helps to reduce the effects of intoxication, increases the fertility of heifers. It also facilitates childbirth, prevents the appearance of postpartum complications and increases the resistance of animals to stress. The use of "Gamavita" is allowed in several ways: subcutaneously, intramuscularly, intravenously. In addition, "Gamavit", diluted with water, can be used for watering cows. In case of missing an injection, it should be done as soon as possible.
"Tympanol" is used in the treatment of tympania cows. The drug should be diluted with water in proportions of 1:10 and shake well. The drug is administered orally, you need 0.5 ml per 10 kg of weight. The composition of "Tympanol" includes the following components: lactic acid, hellebore alkaloids, polyvinyl alcohol.
How to apply creolin and propylene glycol
"Propylene glycol" is a macro-energy additive to the main ration of feeding. It is necessary to prevent ketosis, increase glucose levels, increase milk fat, shorten the service period, and eliminate lactation crises. When using propylene glycol, it is important to observe the dosage: 14 days before delivery, mix 150 g of the additive with grain forage, the first month after delivery is 250 g. For 2-3 months, 150 g of medication is required. When using Propylene Glycol, the amount of salt added to the feed is not necessary to reduce.
Creolin is used for skin diseases. The preparation should be used to treat cows from blood-sucking insects, as well as in the presence of sarcoptosis and hematopinosis. The drug must be added to the floating bath and bathe the animal in it. Creolin is very toxic, so the solution must be prepared carefully.
"Estrofan" is necessary for synchronization of sexual cycles of heifers, normalization of the work of the ovaries, follicular cysts. In addition, Estrofan is needed to treat postpartum complications, to prevent lactation disorders in cows. 2 ml of Estrofan is introduced twice with a break of 1.5 weeks.
"Bicillin-5MZ" is a long-acting antibacterial drug. It treats anthrax, otitis, mastitis, pneumonia, necrobacteriosis, endometritis, complications of viral infections. Before using "Bicillin" must be diluted in water for injection or sodium chloride solution. The drug should be administered once intramuscularly into the outer surface of the thigh. The dose is calculated according to the instructions, depending on the age and weight of the cow.
What other drugs are used by veterinarians
Calcium Borgluconate is an anti-inflammatory, anti-toxic agent. It must be heated to 37 degrees and then prick subcutaneously or intravenously. Calvolit compensates for fluid loss after diarrhea. Before use, 30 g of the drug must be mixed with a liter of warm water.
"Monopropylene glycol" is used to treat ketosis. It can also be used for the prevention of energy deficiency. A cow needs 150 g of this energy product per day 14 days before the birth and for a month after it.
Glauber's salt (10-water sodium sulfate) is a laxative. It is soluble in water before use, which simplifies use. If Glauber's salt is prescribed to cows, 0.5 g of 1-2% solution of the agent per kg of weight should be applied.
Dehydrating paste and lactic acid
Cattle are often injured when struck by horns. Dr. detoxification paste will help prevent this. Naylor. The procedure reduces the likelihood of injury and improves the productivity of the herd. The tool is very caustic, so you can not allow contact with the skin or mucous membrane, otherwise degraded animals will get a severe burn. Dr. Naylor is recommended for dehydrating calves within 10 days after birth.
Lactic acid is used for trichomoniasis of cows. 1% solution of the drug need to syringe the vagina of the animal. In addition, it is applied externally. For example, for the treatment of ulcers, cauterization of warts or corns. Lactic acid is added to food if a source of additional energy is required. The drug improves the functioning of the stomach and helps to digest food, which contains 5-7 g of salt.
Probiotics and antibiotics
Probiotic veterinary drugs are used for infections of the gastrointestinal tract. They must be given along with the medications prescribed by the veterinarian. Well proved "Bacell", "Monosporin", "Electrosol". The use of probiotics for cattle can improve the quality of milk, restore the balance of microflora after a course of antibiotics. "Electrosol" is a combined supporting drug. It is ideal for dehydrated and emaciated cows.
In infectious pathologies, it is often impossible to do without antibiotics for cattle with a broad spectrum of activity. When an antimicrobial agent is required, chloramphenicol is used. It deals with salmonellosis, gastroenteritis, meningitis, diseases of the urinary tract. The drug is made in pill form. They must be given twice a day with food or water.
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