Often, if a cow has eaten afterbirth, the owners prefer to do nothing. They explain it this way: once the instinct tells the animal to eat the placenta, then it should be so. Of course, calving is an absolutely natural process, but not always instinctive prompts are correct and safe. Like humans, all animals are different. Someone's body is stronger, and someone's weaker. One Burenka can eat the placenta with little or no consequences, and the other will get sick.
Why eating afterbirth is bad
Although many representatives of the cattle have this instinct - eating the placenta (placentophagy) - some farm animals should not be allowed to do this. So, problems can occur in such pets as:
The fact is that they are herbivores, the digestive system of these animals is not designed to eat meat. Also, the desire to eat the afterbirth speaks of a violation of the vitamin and mineral metabolism in the body of a cow, and is not explained only by the natural instinct.
There is an opinion: there are many nutrients and hormones in the placenta that goes after calving. They help reduce the uterus after birth to normal size. However, the cow will return to normal without it, and good nutrition, good postnatal care will help the body recover. Good food will fill any deficiency of vitamins and trace elements. Therefore, there is no need to risk the health of the animal.
If, after calving, a Burenka still eats the placenta, it should be carefully observed 3-4 days. With the appearance of suspicious symptoms, treatment is indispensable.
Signs that should alert
If you did not keep track of the animals, and the cow ate an afterbirth after the birth of the calf, you will quickly realize that complications have arisen.
Cows that have eaten the placenta may simply suffer from diarrhea for 7–10 days. For 20-21 days her milk is not good for food, it becomes bitter. This is the best scenario. But what about the bad?
A cow is a ruminant, its stomach consists of several sections. The microorganisms that inhabit them will not cope with the processing of the placenta. Eaten afterbirth will cause timpaniyu (bloating) of the scar, a common digestive disorder. A sick individual begins to breathe frequently, tachycardia occurs, the body temperature rises. The feces become dark, with a strong smell of decay. In them you can see the afterbirth particles. If such signs appear, treatment should begin.
By the way, it happens when the pieces of the placenta fall into the trachea (the cow pulls them in reflexively while inhaling, eating the afterbirth). The consequence of this is asphyxia and death.
It should be borne in mind that the afterbirth does not always depart immediately after the birth of the calf. A delay of 10-12 hours for cows is normal. To prevent her from eating the placenta, you need to monitor the animals all the time.
Treatment of the effects of placentophagy
So the cow ate the afterbirth, what do you do?
The animal is put on a starvation diet for 1-2 days. Then begin to give food that is easy to digest.
So that the afterbirth does not start to rot in the stomach, provoking intoxication, the cow is given drugs that actively stimulate the gastrointestinal tract. For example, phthalazole, ichthyol, salol or potassium permanganate (solution 1: 2000).
Be sure to need a laxative: 500-700 grams of Glauber's salt, the so-called artificial gastric juice is a solution of hydrochloric acid (20 milliliters) and pepsin (20 grams). The specified dose of drugs is mixed in a liter of water.
Barium chloride, hellebore tincture give 1-2 times a day. They cause scar reduction (ruminator means).
Burenka should drink a lot. Even on the first, "hungry" days, water is given without restriction.
Thus, if you are not indifferent to the health of the cow and her health, it is better not to let her eat the last. Regardless of what the consequences will be, it is worth to be safe.
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Share your own experience in the treatment and care of animals in the comments, if you had to deal with the harmful effects of the afterbirth eaten by the cow.