You need to know how to crush cows after calving, because you need to prepare for this process in advance. It seems to some farmers that there is nothing difficult in this: milk and all. However, in order to get the proper amount of milk, the cow needs to provide postpartum care. She needs a quality diet, a warm stall, regular massage. Milking should be carried out on a specific technique, otherwise you can severely injure the udder.
Preparation for the process
After giving birth, the cows are very shy. They nervously react to extraneous noises, loud voices of people, unfamiliar objects around themselves and unpleasant sensations. Especially often such problems arise when they distribute the first-cook. It will take time for the cow to get used to the new sensations, and the process has ceased to frighten her.
Until the first milking it is necessary to prepare a stall. It must be carefully cleaned, eliminate drafts, prepare a new dry litter. After calving, animals are very sensitive to temperature changes, especially in winter. The slightest draft can cause a cold.
The owner must enter the room so that the animal sees it and is not afraid of the sudden appearance. If you make loud noises and rudely touch it, the cow will be greatly frightened. This will negatively affect the amount of milk produced. After the birth of the calf in the cow, the udder often swells, so any contact with it causes discomfort. Edema passes on its own (unless, of course, it is not a disease) for about 10 days. During this period, you must especially touch the udder.
How to feed a chick
Before you start the cow after the calving, you need to adjust its diet, otherwise it will not give the required amount of milk. In 1-2 days after birth, the animal needs to offer high-quality meadow hay. Also needed is a warm talker of wheat bran, which has a laxative effect. On day 3, wheat can be replaced with a mixture of bran and oats in an amount of not more than 1.5 kg per day.
To get the proper volumes of milk, by 4 days the amount of feed needs to be increased to 2.5 kg. After that, every 2 days should be added to 350 g and continue until the milking volumes increase. Introduce succulent feed should be gradually by the end of 5 days. Pumpkin, silage, beets and potatoes are added to the diet. If burenka has swelling or an udder has inflamed, it is necessary to suspend the increase of the diet. It is possible to renew the feed increase only after the swelling subsides. Read more in the article "Feeding cows before and after calving."
With an increase in diet, the volume of daily milk yield will gradually increase as the cow's body begins to get used to the increase in food.
How to do a massage
After the birth of the calf, the udder often becomes hard, so it is necessary to do a massage before milking. The young cow should be taught about 2 months before giving birth. However, it is impossible to milk a cow before calving, because there is a risk of miscarriage or early childbirth. It is possible to start nesting only after calving.
Do not touch the udder with dirty cold hands. Heifer may not like such touch, so the massage will not succeed. Such treatment may cause a lack of milk. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water and dry them with a towel.
The udder, stomach and hind legs of the heifer must be clean. It is necessary to wash them with water at room temperature and gently blot with a soft cloth. To the tail does not interfere, you can carefully tie it, but do not tighten very tight.
Massage should be done for about 25 seconds. All depending on the number of milkings, this procedure is required, so you can not skip it. It is necessary to carefully take in both hands one part of the udder of the animal and begin to stroke it in different directions. Then you need to do the same with the other part. Movement should be active, but at the same time very soft and gentle, so as not to injure the udder and not scare the animal.
Milking rules and technology
To obtain high volumes of milk, it is necessary to work out a specific schedule and calculate the number of times you need to milk a cow. If the animal is highly productive, it is milked three times a day. At the same time, it is necessary to feed the heifer either 1.5 hours before the milking, or after it. Otherwise, the milk will smell like food.
Udder should be washed and wiped dry with a towel, then massage. Only after that you can milk the heifer. Moreover, the first jets are usually mixed with dirt and contain many microbes, so they are distributed in a separate container.
Before embarking on the process, you need to understand how to properly cow a cow so as not to harm her. First you need to produce the back of the udder, and after that - the front. You need to keep the whole nipple in your fist, but you shouldn’t milk the fingers. Otherwise, you can injure the udder. If the machine method is used, the cow should be taught to it even before giving birth so that it does not receive stress. In the presence of udder edema, the process must be carried out manually.
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