Far from every village live veterinarians, so you need to know how to determine the pregnancy of a cow at home. There are several ways in which it will be possible to independently detect pregnancy. The most common are the following: visual inspection, manual method, diagnosis using milk and special rapid tests. It is recommended to use several methods at once so that the result is the most correct.
Visual signs of pregnancy
Determine that the cow is stelna, can be a visual inspection. You should carefully look at the discharge from the genitals. If the animal is pregnant, they appear transparent viscous mucus, which dries out on the skin and forms a crust. It is important to monitor that the discharge is not mixed with pus or blood. This indicates a possible pathology in the body of the cow.
There are also a few signs that let you know if a cow is pregnant or not. The animal swells mammary glands, swelling of the abdominal wall, udder, legs.
Attention should be paid to the condition of the coat. When pregnancy occurs, a strong hormonal adjustment takes place in the body. It is immediately reflected in the scalp. It becomes very elastic, smooth and brilliant. This is especially noticeable if, for comparison, to look at the wool of a calf cow (not producing offspring). She is ruffled and practically does not shine.
If the term of pregnancy of the cows is later (5-6 months), it is even easier to determine it visually. The contours of the abdomen change. The right part becomes much more left.
Determination of pregnancy is possible by milk. There are two common ways. It is necessary to take a glass of water and drop a drop of milk into it from a height of 6 cm. If the cow is a cow, the milk will dissolve without a trace as it is immersed in water. In the absence of pregnancy, a "cloud" appears on the surface of the liquid, which begins to spread. It should be borne in mind that this method is not very accurate. Therefore, it should be used in conjunction with other methods of checking a cow for pregnancy.
There is another popular method for the diagnosis of milk. For its carrying out 5 ml of alcohol and fresh milk of the cow will be required. It is necessary to pour milk into the tube first, then alcohol and shake. If the animal carries a calf, the milk will curdle immediately or after 4-5 minutes. If negative, it will be minimized for at least 20 minutes. Even veterinarians claim that in 75% of cases such a diagnosis is accurate.
Manual diagnostic method
If you want to understand how to determine the cow's pregnancy with the help of the manual method, you need to consider that this method will be reliable only in later periods. The calf will be able to probe outside approximately to 4 months of pregnancy. You need to put the palm on the right side of the animal 15 cm behind the costal arch and 45 cm below the hungry fossa. First, the movement of the palm should be slack and directed down the abdomen, and then you need to ease the pressure, but do not remove your hand. After this, you can feel the impetus of the fetus at the pregnant cows.
When the pregnancy reaches 6 months, then with manual diagnosis of the animal, you can feel the hard parts of the fetus and feel its movements. It is necessary to carry out the procedure in the early morning before eating, otherwise you may confuse the movement of the digestive organs with the jolts of the fetus. The longer the period of pregnancy, the more clearly visible movements of the fetus. They are especially well manifested in the morning.
A few days before calving, the fetus rises closer to the birth canal, so it may not be detected during the manual diagnosis.
You can check the cow's pregnancy at home with the help of a special rapid test. The method has a large number of advantages:
- does not require the involvement of experienced veterinarians and the use of specialized expensive equipment;
- The procedure for determining the pregnancy of a cow takes a maximum of 15 minutes;
- using the test, pregnancy can be detected as early as the second week after fertilization;
- on the third week after insemination, the accuracy of express diagnosis is 99.9%;
- This method is absolutely safe, unlike ultrasound examinations.
In a box of dough are sterile tubes with a dry substance or an orange solution. One tube will be required for one diagnosis. The procedure should be carried out in the morning. You need to take 10 ml of animal urine and add it to the tube. Pregnancy of a cow is determined by the change in color of urine and sedimentation. It is necessary to use a certain tool designed specifically for cattle, because the test strips for women will not work.
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