Cow calving: how to take birth


In a livestock farm, calving a cow and receiving a calf is a responsible task. At this point, the farmer can be compared with an obstetrician who helps give birth. From your experience and knowledge depends on how the female cope with childbirth. A good host will definitely prepare for this event. We will tell you how this process takes place in cattle, and what assistance animals may need. Having studied the theory, you can quite independently cut the umbilical cord, break the fetal bladder and even pull the calf out of the uterus.

Timely recognition of signs of early calving - half of successful deliveries

If you have not experienced the first calving of a cow, you can get lost and start taking the wrong actions. In order for the cow to give birth without any excesses, and the calf does not catch childhood diseases, your steps should be literate and timely. You can learn that the calving of a cow is approaching and to prepare for the adoption of a baby, by the following features:

  • the cow is worried and frightened;
  • colostrum is formed;
  • udder size increases;
  • belly drops;
  • pelvic ligaments relax;
  • genitals swell and become bluish.

To understand that a cow may soon become a calf, it is possible by the fact that she clogs herself in a dark corner and stops admitting a person to her. At this time, it should not be lost sight of, otherwise calving will occur without your control. Then the birth can go with complications, and the calf will be in danger.

Preparing a room for the adoption of the baby

In any household, the birth of a calf is a holiday, and it is important to ensure that the baby is born without complications. It is recommended to prepare the maternity ward 5-7 days before the "X moment". Begin work with painting the walls in white. This will create a calm atmosphere for animals. Stall for maintenance, diligently cleaned.

Preparation of the heifer, just before the birth, begins with the disinfection of the birth canal. It is recommended to work with the use of disinfectants: 0.2% creolin solution, 0.1% lysol or potassium permanganate solutions. To burenka calving without complications, it is necessary to drink 10 liters of fluid per day. The animal is not watered with ordinary water, but with a solution: 50 g of salt, 100 ml of 10% calcium chloride and 200 g of sugar are added to 10 liters. In recent days, it is worthwhile to begin the observation in order not to miss the beginning of calving in a cow.

Childbirth began

Finding out that a cow is giving birth is always easy:

  • brute worries;
  • hesitates, from one foot to the other:
  • moos;
  • raises tail;
  • trying to sink to the floor.

During the beginning of calving, it is important that you have soap, manganese and 5% iodine on hand - they will be useful for disinfecting the genital tract.

Having recognized the calving of a cow, it is necessary to quickly lay out the floor with fresh hay and cover it with a clean, dense cloth. Most often, the representatives of cattle calves lying on their left side, but the age individuals can calve and standing. Do not worry - this is normal.

The beginning of the calving is characterized by increasing fights. The uterus opens at the cow and the amniotic bubble ruptures. Sometimes, due to weak attempts, it may not burst on its own. Then you need to help and break the bubble yourself, but this can be done only when you see that the fruit begins to come out. To open the amniotic bubble use a special medical hook.

Normal calving: instructions for action

Novice obstetricians in the question of how a cow gives birth, you need to know that with a normal hotel, the calf comes out with its forelimbs. But do not panic, if the baby is walking with his hind legs - this is acceptable. On average, childbirth lasts 30 minutes, but 6 hours is considered the norm.

Childbirth is required only if the attempts are weak and the calf does not come out. It happens that the process is suspended in the middle. In this situation, intervention is required veterinarian. It will be better if you agree with the veterinarian and he will be present at the hotel.

When a calf is born, it is transferred to a clean cloth and the umbilical cord is processed. Most often, it breaks off on its own, but if this does not happen, it is necessary to cut it. The length of the umbilical cord is about 15 centimeters. Blood residues are removed from it and burned with iodine.

What to do with animals that have calved

After graduating from calving in cows, it is important that the mother licked the baby. So it is cleansed of mucus. Licking has another purpose, - the calf receives a massage, thereby improving blood circulation.

Let's talk about what to do if the cow does not lick the baby. This is not a serious problem, so do not panic. Just take a clean towel and free his airways to him, wipe from the remnants of mucus. After you have cleared the calf's nostrils and throats, it can fully receive oxygen.

The cow must be carefully monitored for the first 6 hours after calving. At this time, it must leave the placenta. After the cow has cleared the placenta, wash the animal, dry it and change the litter. Now you can give water and decant colostrum.

Features of feeding cows after childbirth

A large farmer does not have to know how to take birth at a cow, because there is always a veterinarian there. But he should not forget about the rules of feeding animals. If the birth was without complications, then the restrictions in the diet of the animal is not provided, the main thing is that the food was fresh and of high quality. On the second day after calving a cow, you can make her a mash from bran.

For the first two weeks, a cow cannot eat root vegetables. At this time, it is important not to overfeed the calf, otherwise her mammary glands will begin to work in intensive mode, which is not recommended to be allowed, as this can lead to mastitis.

The hotel calves are placed in the maternity ward, where they are closely monitored. Special attention is paid to the amount of feed consumed. From the moment an animal begins to eat normally, it should eat food containing proteins and carbohydrates. Read more about this in the article "Feeding dairy and pregnant cows."

Maternity space equipment

So that the calving of a cow goes without excesses, it is important to comply with all sanitary and hygienic standards. If you clean the stall, then both mother and baby will not be at risk of infection.

Large farm owners often equip the maternity ward on the farm itself. In such mini-clinics, the cow is kept and kept in the first weeks after the birth of the baby. Usually the territory is divided into three sections: prenatal, generic and post-natal.

It is important to equip the maternity ward with all necessary medicines, sterile instruments and clean towels so that they are at your disposal in a difficult situation.

Calving cows is a scrupulous process, with improper organization, both mother and child will suffer. Pregnant heifers before childbirth must be kept separately from the rest of the herd, for which the antenatal department is formed.

The birth of twins

If a cow has twins, then such a heifer is left for breeding. Well, if she has a same-sex couple. But at the birth of calves of different sexes, the chick of a couple may be barren. This is due to the fact that male genes hinder the development of female enzymes, which leads to infertility.

But do not put a cross on a chick, if she was born in a heterosexual couple. It is necessary to check the fecundity of the female, because the twins of cows are born infrequently, and it will be annoying to reject an animal with such ancestry, and the probability of its infertility is not at all great.

It so happens that at the birth of twins one of the calves is born weak. In this situation, on the first day you should take care of him very carefully and make sure that the baby gets the required amount of food. Their health depends on the conditions in which the mother and the newborn are kept.

Complications of childbirth

Most often, difficult births in cows are associated with the wrong position of the fetus. So, the baby can bend the legs, turn the head, or the fruit will turn its backside altogether. In these situations, you should immediately contact the veterinarian. If there is no opportunity to consult a doctor, you will have to provide help yourself. If the fetus is in the wrong position, push it back a little, and then pull forward that part of the baby’s body that is not positioned correctly.

Sometimes the calving of a cow is complicated due to the large size of the baby. Difficulties often occur with the heifers, in which the uterus has not yet been developed. In such cases, it is recommended to slowly pull the calf. Drag the kid forward and down, adjusting their movements to the beginning of the attempts.

Complications can begin after the birth of a calf, so you should always have a veterinarian phone at hand. Preparing for childbirth, you should remember how much calving the female has suffered. Heifers give birth more difficult. Experienced cows tolerate the process more easily and less frequently have problems.

We hope that you have found answers to all troubling questions in our article. Like it if it is.

Write comments if you can tell our readers cases from your practice.




Popular Categories