Dutch cows

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Over 300 years ago, the Dutch breed of cows (also known as the Friesian), referring to the dairy cattle breeding, was bred. In addition to high milk yields, Frisian cows are famous for their good meat qualities. Initially, Dutch cattle breeding began in the Netherlands. Later, animals became popular in Europe, America and Asia. The Frisian cow was brought to Russia during the reign of the first emperor of the Russian Empire, Peter I.

History reference

The first mention of the breed of Dutch cattle belong to the XVIII century. There were friezes in the province with a good geographical location - in the Netherlands (the Netherlands). There is a rather short winter and a favorable harvest climate.

In this country, there is a sufficient amount of precipitation, and its territory contains numerous pastures and meadows. Well-established trade relations and maritime routes in the country have influenced the active development of pastoralism among local residents.

In 1930, Dutch animals appeared in Russian cities. Numerous state farms of Ukraine, Belarus, the Far East and Siberia were filled with Friesian cattle.

External data of animals

The main distinguishing characteristics of the Dutch breed of cattle include:

  • height up to 130 cm;
  • the weight of the female is from 540 to 640 kg; the male is 810–1000 kg, and a calf, usually not exceeding 40 kg, has been born;
  • muscular body, strong bones;
  • elongated skull;
  • straight back with low set limbs;
  • velvety skin with pleasant to the touch coat;
  • black with motley tint color;
  • a properly shaped cup udder with evenly spaced nipples.

Distinctive features of the Dutch breed

Description of the advantages of cattle Friesian breed following:

  • suitable for breeding in small farms and large farms;
  • gives high yields;
  • a large fat mass of animals allows them to receive more than 500 kg of meat products, and to have good offal from the head;
  • rapid growth, earliness comes at the age of one.

The peculiarities of the breed include their high cleanliness (owners need to regularly monitor the cleanliness and order in the stalls).

Animals need to be systematically washed and cleaned, since the presence of dirt adversely affects the productivity of livestock.

In adults and in calves, the immune system is weak, so they are susceptible to infectious diseases. It is necessary to carefully monitor the temperature fluctuations in the stalls and exclude the slightest drafts.

Breed productivity

Thanks to a carefully selected selection process and excellent hereditary productivity, the Friesian breed has excellent dairy characteristics. During the lactation period, up to 5,000 kg of milk are produced per cow per year. At the same time its fat content reaches 4%. The stories are known for the record-holders, giving their masters more than 11,000 kg of milk annually. At the same time, its fat content averages 4.16%.

The meat quality of the Friesian breed is also very good. Slaughter yield reaches 60%.

Maintenance and care

The Dutch breed of cows is highly sensitive to stressful situations; fear can lead to a significant decrease in milk yield. Therefore, a sharp change of place of stay, loud sounds and even bright illumination of the Burenka is contraindicated.

To obtain excellent yields, the Friesian cow should be kept loose in the box. Depending on the physiological characteristics of livestock (heifers, dairy and dry), they are contained in groups. Each such group should include no more than 40 goals. On the territory of the barn should be organized a place where the animals could rest.

The Dutch are prone to mastitis, so when milking cows should pay attention to their udder, feel it in order to prevent complications.

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