How to treat mastitis in a cow


Speaking about how and how to treat mastitis in a cow, we will immediately draw a clear line between the different forms of this common disease. Distinguishing between each of the possible varieties is very important, because prescribed medications and methods of assistance depend on the exact diagnosis. Treatment of inflammation of the mammary glands in cows and other domestic animals will be successful if you use the necessary medications.

Three steps before treatment

If a cow has symptoms typical of mastitis, the first thing to do is to separate the sick animal from the others. A dry, clean stall-proof stall located remotely from the rest of the herd is suitable for keeping.

The second step is to change the diet. Until the situation clears up, it is better to insure and not give the cow too much water. You also need to abandon fresh herbs, which contain a lot of juice. Preference should be given to grain feeds that are rich in fiber.

In large farms, where milking is performed with the help of special machine apparatuses, this method of taking milk is suspended in relation to diseased animals. And this will be the third preparatory step before treatment. Now the cow is milked at least three times a day and only by hand, squeezing everything from the nipples to the last drop. The slightest milk residues in the udder can aggravate the inflammation situation.

Use of antibiotics during the dry period

The system for treating mastitis in a cow can be divided into emergency care for the acute form and complex treatment of chronic inflammation of the mammary glands.

But in any case, be sure to use broad-spectrum antibiotics. As a rule, combinations of ampicillin and cloxacillin give a good effect. On large farms, the Spanish drug "Mamifort" has proven itself. It is a suspension that is injected intracisternally, that is, into the nipple.

Usually "Mamifort" is used in the dry period, when the lactation of the cow has already ended, and the next birth has not yet come. The drug can be applied only once before calving, but not later than 42 days before childbirth. This is due to the fact that the antibiotic had time to get out of the body of the cow by the desired date.

In one syringe dispenser contains 8 g of the drug. The tool is injected into each udder lobe, regardless of which one of them suffers. The injection lasts up to four weeks.

After the injection is done, you need to pinch the nipple for a couple of minutes and massage it so that the medicine spread evenly over the udder.

Important details of the procedures

In the acute form of mastitis, the cow is milked every two to three hours. And this is not a bust, because it is a question of saving the animal from complete atrophy of the udder.

In order to completely free the mammary glands from pathological secretions, oxytocin can be injected intramuscularly at a dosage of about 40 units. After waiting one or two minutes, you need to quickly bother each udder lobe.

If used antimastitis drugs are required to enter directly into the nipple, and the release form does not include a dosing syringe, then a catheter can be used. However, it should also be sterile, and ideally disposable. Both the syringe and the catheter are inserted into the nipple shallowly, only 3-4 mm.

Remember an important detail: all emulsions and suspensions, which are supposed to be introduced into the nipple, must be heated to 39-40 degrees. After the procedure, the mammary glands are treated with a disinfectant. Ethyl alcohol can be used (70%).

Harm and benefits of dosing syringes

Intracisternal method of administering liquid dosage forms during the treatment of mastitis in cows directly into the nipple is very convenient and effective. This area very quickly absorbs the drug and allows you to get a result in a short time.

But at the same time, there are a number of serious drawbacks:

  • inserting a syringe or catheter into the nipple is dangerous if infected in the event of insufficient sterility;
  • the possibility of penetration of microscopic fungi into the nipple canal increases;
  • from exposure to antibiotics, candidiasis of the udder may occur;
  • With the introduction of any drug directly into the udder, stagnant milk can occur;
  • The use of this method may lead to a narrowing or even complete overgrowth of the nipple.

Subclinical treatment

Veterinarians of all countries for the treatment of mastitis apply a variety of ointments and warming compresses on the udder of a sick cow. Ultraviolet treatment, washing with cool water, rubbing drugs with irritant effects are also used. Read more about these methods in the article: "Treatment of mastitis in cows with folk remedies."

When dealing with a subclinical form at the onset of the disease, it is quite sufficient to eliminate the causes of mastitis. That is, to adjust the food by excluding from the diet of products acting on the formation of milk. These are juice-bearing herbs that replace dry hay. Regular surrender and in this case is mandatory.

Of the drugs used for cows with subclinical mastitis, the same effect gives the same oxytocin. A sufficient rate of intravenous administration will be 5 units. per 100 kg of cow weight. As antimicrobial drugs use "Mastarol" or "Penersin". Since these agents are slowly excreted from the body, they have a lasting effect on the pathogens.

Features of assistance with purulent inflammation

If a cow has clearly expressed symptoms of purulent mastitis (milk becomes watery with purulent clots), then it is recommended not to drive it to pasture in summer. In terms of diet and milking, everything remains as described above. But the udder requires additional washing with cold water 5-6 times per day. His massage and shaking is required after each complete release from milk.

Water solutions of manganese in the ratio of 1: 500 or ichthyol (3%) are poured through the nipple. Volume - 200 ml. The procedure is repeated three times a day. The injected liquid remains inside for about two hours, after which it is discharged along with the milk contained inside. To maintain a greater effect under the skin or intramuscularly prick about 50 units. oxytocin.

Painful anxieties that are noticeable during mastitis can be weakened by the novocainic blockade. This can only be done by a veterinarian.

Artificial "off" part of the udder

Methods and drugs for the treatment of chronic forms of mastitis have some differences. Even antibiotics are not enough. The diseased lobe continues to inflame and spreads the infection to the entire udder. In this case, the verified remedy is a lapis solution (1%). It is introduced into the affected quarter of the udder. Instead, you can use a solution of iodine (5%). The quantity should not exceed 250 ml.

However, this will not save a hopelessly damaged lobe, but it will not allow the disease to spread to other mammary glands. Do not be afraid when after this comes the aggravation of the inflammation process. This procedure is carried out specifically to the patient part of the udder completely ceased to operate. After complete recovery, the remaining three lobes will, as it were, take upon themselves the lost functions of the frozen quarter. The productivity of the cow will not suffer.

Hands should be clean

Milk from a cow, which is treated with antibiotics by introducing into the blood, can not be eaten. But it is used after heat treatment for feeding calves. This mode is maintained until complete recovery.

If the treatment was performed by intercisterial way, then the milk, dispensed from healthy nipples, can be used without restriction. Terms of rejection of milk in the treatment of antibiotics depend on the method of their introduction into the body. So, for example, streptomycin, introduced into the udder, makes milk unsuitable for five days. And if it was administered intramuscularly, then only for two days.

About what you can do yourself without a doctor, we will tell in the article "Mastitis in cows: home treatment." But about what you can not do, let's say right now:

  • use syringes designed for humans;
  • arbitrarily prescribe a course of antibiotics;
  • massage upwards;
  • carry out procedures with dirty hands.

Massage with cream

To cure a cow of mastitis, you need to apply all possible methods in the complex. If you already use such drugs as "Penersin" or "Masticid" for the introduction into the udder, then you should not forget about the massage with the use of special ointments.

For example, Comfort cream is a good adjunct in the treatment of mastitis. It warms the udder tissue, dilates blood vessels and relieves inflammation. In application it is simple: it should be smeared on the affected area with a small layer and lightly rubbed for two minutes. This should be done no more than twice a day. This light massage is carried out for ten days.

Mastisept ointment, made on the basis of camphor oil, has about the same effect. It also contains the oil of black poplar buds, which has the ability to dilate blood vessels and improve blood circulation. This cream can be used for the prevention of disease. The positive effect is already noticeable on the 2nd day of use. And he is good because it can be rubbed into the udder of a cow with any form of mastitis.

You can use other ointments, for example, Intrasan. When using it, it is not necessary to give the cow any additional means to suppress candidiasis, a symptom caused by antibiotics.

Remember that all drugs for treatment must be freshly prepared. In no case can not apply overdue ointment. They will do harm instead of good.

It is important to get the cow right.

In conclusion, we will give some tips on the prevention of the disease.

Provide comfort in a room where animals are kept and organize them a quality food. Do not save on feed, so you do not spend money on drugs.

It is important to properly cow a cow, because each of them has a different udder, which can be both soft and taut.

Equipment for milking should not be just quality, it must be properly configured. This approach will prevent damage to the mammary glands during milking and will not lead to stagnant milk residues. After each use, the machine must be rinsed.

Farm staff caring for cows should use special clothing and keep their hands clean. Before each taking milk, you need to wash the udder, and at the end of the milking - wipe it with a clean cloth.

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