Mastitis in cows: symptoms and treatment


Treatment of mastitis in cows should begin as soon as you notice the characteristic symptoms of the disease. Types of inflammation of the udder is several, and each of them has distinctive signs. In large farms, certified professionals are engaged in the treatment of animals. But owners of single livestock heads must be attentive to pets. After all, high milk yield directly depends on the state of the udder. And with this disease, milk cannot be drunk or consumed of the products prepared from it.

Seize the moment for help.

In other words, cow mastitis is called breast inflammation. External signs develop gradually. First, an edema occurs on the udder, and some of its shares increase somewhat. Literally after a day or two, it is already possible to grope the seal and visually detect the inflated area after milking. The color and consistency of the milk also changes.

Increased temperature indicates an inflammation process that has begun in the cow. Its behavior is changing. For example, an animal may stop consuming water or become worse. Observed difficulty breathing. Prior to this, the completely homely and obedient Burenka now does not allow the host to the udder.

The state of the cattle will rapidly deteriorate. If you do not start to act quickly, the cow will die. In case of delay, the animal will fall to its feet, and then it will be almost impossible to raise it.

Effect on the body

In most cases, mastitis in a cow develops only in one nipple channel. At the same time, other udder lobes remain relatively healthy. However, in general, the disease affects the entire body, affecting the secretory areas that produce milk.

The latent form of the disease is especially dangerous when there are no obvious external symptoms of udder inflammation. But pathogens, which can be staphylococcus, being in the body of a cow already methodically harm the animal. Over time, turning into chronic mastitis, the disease finally kills cattle. To save the animal, it is necessary to use surgery to remove the inflamed part of the mammary gland. You will learn more about this form in the article "Hidden Mastitis in Cows: Symptoms and Treatment."

Other representatives of cattle, such as buffalo, suffer from inflammation of the mammary glands.

Infections and injuries are equally dangerous.

Say a few words about the "device" udder in a cow. We see him whole with four nipples from which milk comes out. However, inside it is not at all united. The four mammary glands that exist there are divided and not connected. Such a structure is convenient. After all, this is why with mastitis only one nipple can inflame.

The described disease can occur in winter and summer. Her arrival has nothing to do with the time of year, however, as with any particular state of the cow. It will be a mistake to consider that inflammations of the udder occur only after calving. The disease can occur at any time. The causes of mastitis are:

  • infections (E. coli, staphylococci, streptococci);
  • excessive content of medications in the body (dosage during treatment is not observed);
  • injuries received during grazing or contact with other animals;
  • intolerable temperatures (cold or burn).

Milk has become tasteless

In addition to the external signs described above, the appearance of nodules and growths on the udder can be called harbingers of mastitis in cattle. However, no visible symptoms can give an accurate diagnosis, which is especially important in this disease. The fact is that mastitis of cows has many different forms. Treatment depends on the exact diagnosis and identification of causes.

Such forms as serous and catarrhal occur after calving, so it is important to know what to do and by what means to treat the cow so that the calf is not injured. And this can be done only with the help of a professional. You can read more about the fight against these types of diseases in the articles “On serous mastitis in cows” and “Catarral mastitis in cows”.

Very dangerous and rapidly developing fibrous mastitis. And hemorrhagic scares the owner when he suddenly sees blood clots in milk. If mastitis becomes purulent, the milk becomes unpleasant in taste and smell. In general, with any form of disease of the animal they no longer drink it.

Home test

Having noticed signs of mastitis, the vet takes milk for a special analysis. Can do it and the owner of the cow. For the so-called home test need plates (MKP-1 and MKP-2), which can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy. After decanting 1 ml of milk from each nipple into special cells, 1 ml of Dimastin is added to the same place. After mixing the liquid with a glass rod, wait 15 minutes.

If the milk has not changed its appearance, then the cow is healthy. The manifestation of clots, similar in consistency to jelly, or a change in the color of the sample to red, speaks of pathology.

Before taking a sample for analysis, pre-milk some milk, thereby “washing” the channels.

If you have done the research yourself and got a positive result, you should immediately call a doctor. After all, only he will be able to establish the true causes of mastitis in a cow and prescribe the correct treatment.

Massages and decoctions

Despite the seriousness of the disease, you can cure mastitis at home. It is important to identify it as soon as possible and start assisting the cow in time. Care during the period of illness for the animal becomes very thorough and involves compliance with hygienic standards with extreme severity.

Before treating mastitis in a cow, it should be placed in a separate room. This rule is obligatory for execution also in a large farm, where there are thousands of "heads" of livestock, even if you have only a few animals in one stall at home.

For washing the udder prepare a warm saline solution. Approximately a tablespoon of salt for 3-5 liters of water. With the same purpose use a decoction of fresh nettle. After pumping milk, massage each nipple and udder lobes. Special emphasis - on the place where there is a seal. Movement is directed from the top down, as when milking. Hands as if pushing inside the stagnant formations to exit out through the nipple.

Different ways

In the treatment of catarrhal and fibrous mastitis, clay applications on the udder of the cow, decoctions of the plantain and yarrow for ablution help well. Massage is not needed. Compresses with clay are usually made overnight, carefully wrapping the udder with warm oilcloth and a warm cloth, creating insulation. This relieves a few swelling and relieves pain. And in the morning the mammary glands are washed with herbs decoction with an antibacterial effect.

The hemorrhagic form involves mandatory frequent milking and camphor massages. All rubbing udder any ointment is desirable to carry out after the inflammation subsides. Also, before the massage, the cow needs to loosen the stomach. You can use Carlsbad salt in the dosage: 2 tablespoons of salt per liter of water. As a laxative use a decoction of bear ears.

Help to relieve symptoms of cow mastitis and folk remedies. Basically - a variety of warming. For example, heated paraffin, which is applied to the udder in several layers. The oilcloth attached on top will keep you warm for a long time.

Compresses of aloe juice and warming up with a quartz lamp are also common.

Killing means

Treatment of mastitis in cows with antibiotics remains the primary means used by veterinarians in severe advanced cases. Do not forget that in the diet for the time of illness, preference is given to dry food, that is, not fresh grass, but hay. And another very important point. If you have always used the machine milking method, now you should only express milk manually and at least three times a day.

When the animal's body temperature rises to treat mastitis, both cows and any cattle are started with antibiotics. For the intramuscular course suitable drug "Bitsillin-5." Another route of administration is directly into the udder. In this case, use "Mastisan", which is sold in veterinary pharmacies immediately in a tube, ready for use. Before you give the injection, be sure to strain all the milk.

Conscientiously fighting with microbes "Drin", "Penmitsin", "Benstrep". Each of the drugs is used in a particular form of mastitis and can only be prescribed by a doctor who determines the dosage and frequency of injections, based on the weight of the cow.

Do not leave a drop

Prevention of mastitis in cows is in the cleanliness of the room where animals are kept. It is necessary every day to clean the stall, not allowing the multiplication of harmful microbes. Regularly carry out treatment with special disinfectants. On large farms, before that, all equipment is covered with a protective waterproof material.

For cleaning excrement using special scrapers and shovels. Then the remains are washed off with water. The most polluted places are watered with a hot solution of sodium hydroxide (2%). Temperature is from 80 to 100 degrees. A two-fold treatment with a solution of soda ash (5%) gives a good effect. It should be done at intervals of 30-40 minutes.

You also need to keep the udder of the cow clean and be sure to express the milk to the very end, not leaving a drop. For the prevention of microbes on the mammary glands, they are treated with iodine chloride (1%).

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