For the tenderest meat obtained from calves, the Angus breed of cows is very popular among livestock breeders. Its full name - Aberdeen Angus - according to the name of the territories where the work on the removal took place. Now individuals obtained in Scotland have spread throughout the world and are in high demand in the market. But before the farmer can sell the finished product and make a profit, the animal must grow.
About the appearance of the breed
Homeland Aberdeen-Angus breed is Scotland. In the XIX century breeders began to work on improving the exterior and precocity of cattle. They were faced with the task of bringing a species of animals capable of increasing slaughter productivity, meat quality and speed of development.
The basis was taken by two common breeds - Aberdeen cows, distinguished by strong build and fast maturation of calves, and local breeds of Aberdeen and Angus counties, famous for their large torso and high milk productivity. The breed obtained as a result of crossing, took the best from its ancestors: size, rapid growth and quality of meat. It is not surprising that it has received wide distribution in the territory and other countries.
The first export of Aberdeen cows, began in 1873 from North America. Later, animals began to be purchased by other farms, where the climate allowed them to contain. In Russia, it is the North Caucasus, the Volga region, the Central region, the Kaluga and Bryansk regions.
Distinctive features of the breed
When crossing Aberdeen and Angus cows, animals appeared with the following characteristics:
- black wool;
- height at withers does not exceed 118 cm;
- small head, prominent forehead, narrow neck, short muzzle;
- the neck is large and short, smoothly flowing into the massive shoulders;
- large and wide sternum;
- body of rounded forms with developed muscles, smooth lines of the back and withers;
- soft hair;
- legs a bit short;
- skin is loose and thin, but there is a thick layer of subcutaneous tissue.
The above signs are transmitted even when crossed with other breeds. The downside is that Angus cows do not produce too much milk, so they are raised only as a meat breed.
Aberdeen Angus Features
Aberdeen-Angus cows require special feeding conditions, but are low maintenance. They are well tolerated acclimatization and are not afraid of low and high temperatures or bad weather conditions. The calf grows quickly, which is especially appreciated by herders.
Rapid growth leads to the fact that calves aged 14-15 months are ready for insemination, and can produce their own offspring. So, marbled beef beloved by cooks appears in the kitchen precisely because of Aberdeen-Angus cows. Many restaurants serve elite marbled beef "Black Angus", obtained from Aberdeen cows. It is also important that a farmer from one cow can have up to 70% of excellent meat.
Features of growth and development of the breed, can be clearly seen in the table:
Interestingly, the bones of Aberdeen cows are thin and make up only 17% of the mass of the entire carcass.
Features breeding in Russia
Of course, the Aberdeen-Angus breed of cow lives perfectly in the new place. But this does not mean at all that when imported from abroad, newly arrived individuals will also easily enter the herd, like cattle breeds bought in the territory of the Russian Federation. Knowing this, experienced farmers are trying to acquire animals that were born and raised in Russia.
Do not be afraid that the brute will not endure the winter. Resistance to low temperatures - one of the features of the Aberdeen breed. A huge role in this is played by a thick undercoat, large size and an excellent immune system. Subcutaneous fats of Aberdeen Angus bulls, do not allow them to freeze.
In conditions of a volatile Russian climate, it is important to know that the breeding of Aberdeen cows does not require the construction of special pens, since the animals are intended for free range on pastures.
Many farmers are attracted by the fact that the maintenance of the breed does not require large expenditures, since animals do not need special conditions. If the territory of the farm is extensive enough, then there will be no problems with feeding the cows.
Aberdeen calves are taught to lure from birth. Animals are picky and can feed on the same feed that they give to adults. It is best to start with feed, crushed grain and premix. If the young are properly fed, the calf will grow healthy and strong.
In the care of animals Aberdeen-Angus breed, the most important thing - to ensure that they do not overeat, as they are prone to obesity.
Another point that should be considered when breeding Aberdeen - they are somewhat wildly, which is easy to see if the cows are constantly kept on free grazing. But, if you translate them into stalls, they again get used to people, cease to behave aggressively and do not try to escape.
Disadvantages to know
When breeding the Aberdeen-Angus breed, farmers will face both the advantages and disadvantages of this species. Of the latter, special attention should be paid to the following points:
- with an extremely large mass of gobies can break their legs, since the bones will not sustain such a weight;
- it is forbidden to overfeed the cattle, as this may lead to an obesity of the animal;
- Aberdeen cows suffer pregnancy and calving;
- outwardly beautiful black color spoils the heavy head and curved back;
- large areas are needed for grazing animals.
But all this cannot be compared with the advantages of breeding Angus. The meat of such a cow is valued much higher than ordinary beef or pork.
About Aberdeen Cow Meat
Everyone who has tried a marble steak knows how it differs from ordinary meat. For those who do not know, we explain - in Aberdeen cows, fat accumulates not under the skin, but between the muscle fibers. Externally, the meat resembles marble, which is why animals themselves are often called marble cows.
This accumulation of fat and gives a delicate taste of cooked foods, making them elitist, different from all others. Beef becomes juicy, gets refinement and refinement. Aberdeen beef - the only meat that is not recommended to eat fresh - it should be held "until ripening".
Some breed secrets
Most often, livestock are kept in pens. But the Aberdeen-Angus breed is an exception to the rule. Animals develop best on free grazing. With a good pasture, bulls and cows do not need additional feed supplements for almost the entire year. The exception is the winter period when the animals themselves cannot get food for themselves.
This is one of the few breeds that does not require specialized care. Cattle perfectly feel themselves in natural conditions, among ponds, forests and shrubs. They do not have to look after other animals. It is believed that with such content, the meat of the Aberdeen-Angus cow becomes only better.
As you can see, raising cows for the production of marble meat is easier than it might seem at first glance. If in the article you have found answers to your questions, then put likes.
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