In order to understand how to treat a calf snot, it is necessary to first diagnose the animal. The emergence of a runny nose in youngsters may be a signal that they catch cold, and may indicate another disease. Cattle infections at any age, but it is young bullheads and heifers most often suffer from immature immunity due to age. When a runny nose in calves, you should immediately contact a veterinarian for diagnosis and begin treatment.
A runny nose - a sign of infection
Many diseases of calves can be associated with a violation of the technology of their housing and feeding. With a weakened immunity, the calf may manifest street infections associated with drafts, dampness, poorly ventilated rooms. Colds can cause calf rhinitis.
A runny nose may be accompanied by a respiratory form of rhinotracheitis. In addition to hyperemia of the nasal mucosa, the animal's body temperature rises to 42 degrees, there is a dry, painful cough, for 3-5 days the calf is in a fever. He stops eating and loses weight before his eyes.
Damage to the respiratory organs of young and adult animals can cause viral disease - parainfluenza. Healthy individuals can become infected by sick cows through airborne droppings, less commonly through oral and sexual intercourse.
Other signs of infection
A runny nose can cause a natural focal infectious disease - listeriosis. In calves, sepsis begins, in cows and bulls, meningitis and encephalitis. In those and other body temperature rises to 40-41 degrees, appetite disappears and tearing begins.
Pneumonia can be characterized by copious mucus from the nose, cough, shortness of breath and diarrhea. The disease is most often observed in calves in the first month of life, mainly in the autumn-winter period.
Another reason why snot is flowing in a cow can be an allergy of an animal to pollen, dust, lime and food additives. In addition to the copious runny nose, the animal has coughing, sneezing and tearing.
It is important to isolate in time.
At the first sign of a cold calf, it must be isolated from the herd. For acute respiratory infections, complex treatment with vitamins, antiviral drugs and immunostimulants is prescribed. The animal is well helped by rubbing the chest with warming. It is useful to drink calf with warm milk, brew her mother and stepmother and herbal pharmacy teas.
In case of rhinotracheitis in the calf, the doctor prescribes symptomatic treatment using emulsions and ointments, with the effects of disinfectants and anti-inflammatory drugs.
When a parainfluenza is diagnosed, antibiotics are prescribed to the sick animal. For effective results, bovine gamma globulin is administered with oxytetracycline or with chloromycetin.
Treatment of listeriosis and pneumonia
At the initial stage of listeriosis, it is effective to carry out treatment with the introduction of intramuscular antibiotics (biomitsin, terramycin, chlortetracycline and tetracycline). Clamaxyl LA, LA Terramycin LA and Solamox are prescribed for the developmental stage of the disease. At the same time, symptomatic treatment is carried out.
Pneumonia in calves is a serious disease that quickly turns into a chronic form; therefore, only the attending physician should treat pneumonia.
A sick animal is placed in a moderately warm room without drafts (preferably bright and under a canopy). Meals should contain easily digestible food, for example, mash made from ground oats and bran. The calf should always have fresh water to drink.
The mucus from the nose is removed with carbon dioxide soda, aromatic aromatic preparations (cumin, dill), inhaled with water vapor with turpentine and soda. The doctor conducts a full course of treatment with antibiotics and sulfa drugs.
The most common form of allergy in calves - feed allergies. At the initial stage of its development, in the acute course, antimistamines and corticosteroids are prescribed intramuscularly. Calcium chloride and gluconate are also prescribed in recommended doses.
It is useful for an animal to drink vitamins of groups A, E, B and C. Antimicrobials are given to eliminate dysbacteriosis.
To prevent a runny nose in young stock, it is necessary to carefully monitor the conditions of its content. At the first signs of nasal infections, it is necessary to provide the animal with comfortable living conditions and to carry out the complex treatment prescribed by the veterinarian.
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