A number of health problems can be diagnosed by the characteristics of the animal's behavior, for example, if the calf grit its teeth. This is not always paid attention to, but such a pathology may be a sign of serious diseases. Gnashing of teeth is a serious reason for consulting a veterinarian, because a cattle can have a violation of the gum, and even dangerous gastroenteritis.
Pathologies can be managed quickly.
There are a number of situations when a cow grit its teeth in the absence of health problems. An animal may accidentally take pellets of sand or soil into its mouth along with feed. But sometimes cattle want to chew something that is not intended for food, for example, a piece of plaster. It happens that a cow eats litter. In this case, there are still grounds for alarm. First, such strange eating habits - a signal of the need to diversify the diet of the animal. Secondly, they can serve as a symptom of beginning rickets.
The gnashing of teeth is also caused by the absence of a cud - congenital reflex. And if for this there is no necessary raw materials, the animal still makes chewing movements. But without chewing gum, it turns out that the calf makes a creaking sound.
To cope with all these cases is easy. It is necessary to strengthen the control over the quality of food so that sand or soil does not fall into it, regularly review the diet, pay more attention to the timely diagnosis of rickets in calves, and most importantly, make the animals nutrition varied and full.
Symptom of a serious illness
The reason that the calves are gritting their teeth can be a number of serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract:
- white muscle disease;
- parakeratosis scar.
The external manifestations of gastroenteritis include: fever, diarrhea, and blood and mucus can be detected in the animal’s feces, and the calf is weakened. The main cause of gastroenteritis is poor nutrition. This disease can be caused by stale backflow, food affected by fungi, or rotten hay.
Symptoms of white muscle disease: weakness affects the calf so much that it can not even stand up, eyes are dull, there is a disorder in the stomach, feces have a fetid odor, the calf does not eat well. With this pathology, the metabolism is disturbed. As a result of poor absorption of carbohydrates, fats and minerals, dystrophy of muscle mass occurs. Cardiac muscle may be affected.
When parakeratosis of the scar in the animal, in addition to the common for the listed diseases of dental gnashing, salivation and weak peristalsis are present. Reduction of the scar is weak, the calf does not eat well.
All of these diseases occur either in the first few weeks after birth, or as a parakeratosis of the scar, before the calf is six months old. The main reason for most of them - a violation of proper diet. Only white muscle disease occurs due to micronutrient deficiencies and viruses.
Laboratory diagnosis of pathologies
External signs of illness for the correct diagnosis is not enough. In order to figure out why the cow is gritting her teeth, laboratory diagnostics is necessary. Especially with white muscle disease, because the early stages have no pronounced signs and it is easy to make a mistake in the definition of the disease. The risk of misdiagnosis is very high. In the absence of adequate treatment, the animal dies in 60-90% of cases.
For the correct definition of pathology is necessary:
- complete blood count (special attention is paid to the amount of protein and red blood cells, with white muscle disease, their number is less than the norm);
- urinalysis (if the calf is sick, the amount of creatine is increased, protein is present, the reaction is acidic).
In order to identify parakteatosis cicatrix need when conducting laboratory tests to determine the level of histamine. If the calf is sick, an acidic environment is found in the rumen, and histamine levels are elevated.
When laboratory diagnosis of gastroenteritis, it is important to exclude the possibility of infectious or parasitic diseases, since the external manifestations are very similar. Therefore, in the analysis of blood, special attention is paid to the number of leukocytes and erythrocytes, hemoglobin and ESR.
How to save calves from diseases
In order to cure gastroenteritis, you need, first of all, to cleanse the body. The first day and a half should be kept hungry, the calf drinks only warm and slightly salted water during this period. Then it will be possible to drink acidophilic milk, give oatmeal and fresh reverse. After recovery, you will need to carefully follow the rules of feeding.
Now you need to say what to do to get rid of parakeratosis of the scar. To do this, you must also carefully observe the proper diet. If the animal still eats stale food, it cannot be cured. In addition to a complete diet, for recovery, it is necessary to give burnt magnesia, vitamin A, sodium bicarbonate.
Curing white muscle disease is somewhat more difficult. In this situation, just finding out whether an animal eats a full feed or not will not be able to do. Injections of vitamins E and A help to get rid of the disease, selenium preparations are also needed. Injections are made subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Especially careful to be with the introduction of injections of sodium selenite. Overdose calf may die. If abscesses occur at the injection site, antibiotics should be used.
The sore teeth syndrome in calves can be a sign of both very minor anomalies and very serious diseases. It is very important to quickly understand the causes of this pathology.
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