If the newborn calf eats badly, and what you do not know, then the answer to the question is in front of you. First, it is necessary to understand the reason for his behavior - the animal never refuses to eat just like that. Perhaps he fell ill and needed help from a veterinarian. Only the future of the baby depends on you, because it is not adapted to the outside world and does not know what is good and what can harm. Without care, he is helpless, his body systems are still not working well.
The first hours of the baby's life
Babies born are extremely weak and can die if they are not given proper attention. The main rule of caring for newborns says: in the first hour of life, the calf must eat colostrum. This contributes to the proper development and growth, as it consists of substances that contribute to the protection of the immune system.
Unlike milk, colostrum contains 4-5 times more nutrients. If a newborn does not receive this product, its development slows down. In the worst case, the calf may die. This happens if the cow has suffered severe calving and has lost her milk. Then it is recommended to try to give the animal the milk of another cow, for 1 liter of which it is recommended to add 15 milliliters of fish oil, 5 grams of salt and three fresh eggs.
Causes of calf failure
The first days after the birth of the baby - the most dangerous. If during this period the calf does not eat, does not drink and has a lethargy, it can be symptoms of serious diseases. Symptoms may occur with the following diseases:
- white diarrhea;
- white muscle disease;
- inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach.
For any of these pathologies, you should immediately contact a veterinarian. Self-healing in these cases is life-threatening for calves.
Often, the reason that the baby does not eat may be a weak sucking reflex, which means that the animal does not know where to get food. In this situation, it should be sent to the udder of the cow and lick the colostrum. After a few such procedures, he will begin to eat independently.
Artificial feeding translation
If the cow does not have enough milk to feed the calves, it is necessary to transfer the babies to artificial feeding. If this is not done, the young will not receive enough vitamins, which will affect their development. But the conversion to artificial feeding may be accompanied by difficulties.
If the calf from birth drank natural milk, he may refuse to consume a substitute. Young bulls, accustomed to natural nutrition, can act up even to the detriment of themselves. If this happens, you should make maximum efforts and feed the baby.
Failure to feed can affect calf rejection. Do not save on animal health and buy high-quality feed from proven manufacturers. In this case, the calves will quickly learn to consume unusual food and stop "going on a hunger strike."
Nutrition Features of Newborns
If the calves lack mother's milk, they become weak and develop more slowly than their peers, who receive an adequate dose of vitamins. In this state, it is difficult for babies to consume food, and inexperienced breeders may regard this as refusing to eat.
In this case, babies are carefully fed from a special nipple so as not to frighten the animal. Once the calf is strong and starts to consume milk, you should teach him to eat on their own. First, when the baby completely refuses to eat, he is given to lick the milk from his finger. Later transferred to bottle feeding through the nipple. The last stage - to teach to drink from a bucket.
Do not worry if the baby eats or drinks a little. Just translate it to more frequent feeding.
Secrets of calf appetite supplements
In large farms rarely problems associated with a shortage of milk. During the season, several cows calve, and if one of them does not have enough milk, the calf feeds another individual. There is no problem, if the cow refused to allow someone else's baby, you can express the milk and drink it from the bottle.
Adding some substances to the milk helps to increase the appetite of the calves, and they are happy to eat the prepared mixture. On one bottle of milk is added:
- tablespoon of fish oil;
- a pair of eggs;
- table salt - 1 tsp.
Remember! When feeding calves, it is important that the mixture is not cold. Put the bottle in warm water to warm up, otherwise the calf may refuse to eat.
Causes of calf failure
Water participates in all processes occurring in the animal's body, and its lack can turn into a catastrophe. In the absence of water, the animal can live up to 5 days, while without food the body can go up to several months. The amount of fluid needed by calves depends on their age and food consumed, but does not have a clear framework. In the stalls should always be a tank with clean water.
If the newly born calf does not drink water, then do not rush to raise panic. Probably, the amount of liquid received from the mother’s milk is sufficient. Anxiety is worth after 5-7 days, when animals are taught to coarse food.
If the baby refuses to drink, immediately contact the veterinarian, the situation can be serious. Dehydration is a sign of dangerous diseases: salmonellosis, escherichiosis, infectious rhinotracheitis.
Symptoms of dehydration and treatment methods
The answer to the question of why the calf refuses to drink or eat can become dehydrated. If the baby does not consume liquid for more than 6 hours, this is an alarming sign requiring immediate medical intervention.
If the calf still consumes water, but it is sluggish and practically does not look in the direction of food - this may be symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract, in which water is practically not absorbed by the body.
For the treatment of dehydration, calves are watered with an electrolyte solution or specialized preparations. To prepare 10 liters of electrolyte solution, you will need 3 teaspoons of salt, 5 tablespoons of soda, 10 tablespoons of white ash and 5 tablespoons of glucose. In case of violation of the digestive system, it is recommended to give the animals “Regidron”, “Rediard”, “Replevak”, “Antideareiko” and “Diastop”.
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