When growing young stock, it is important to ensure that the temperature of calves is in accordance with the standards. Calves, especially in the first time after birth, are susceptible to various infections, often suffer from diseases of the respiratory and digestive systems. Malnutrition and sanitary conditions of the premises where they are kept, easily provoke a variety of illnesses. Thermometry helps to notice abnormalities in time and take appropriate measures.
What temperature indicators are considered normal
In adult cattle, the temperature normally ranges from 37.5 to 39 degrees. The boundaries of the normal temperature in calves are shifting upwards:
- up to 6 weeks - from 38.5 to 40-40.5;
- up to 2 months - from 38.5 to 40.2;
- up to a year - from 38.5 to 39.5-40.
During fever, cattle metabolism increases dramatically, and heat is removed from the skin. If the calf has a fever, it will even feel a little cooler than usual to the touch. Properly determine the temperature of the animal can only be using a thermometer.
Deviations of indicators in one direction or another should alert the owner. You should immediately contact your veterinarian. If the calf is sick, a specialist examination will help identify additional symptoms and diagnose the disease. Properly chosen treatment will preserve the health of the calf and prevent possible weight loss.
What are thermometers for animals
Veterinary thermometers are available in different versions. In addition to the classic mercury thermometers, there are infrared and electronic options. The first is cheaper, characterized by high accuracy of indications, but require caution in use. Manufacturers are trying to give them anatomical shape, so that the animal has a minimum of discomfort. Measurements are performed rectally, for 5-6 minutes. Pre thermometer tied with a rope.
Electronic thermometers are completely safe and give results within a minute. Upon completion of the measurement, they give a beep.
Infrared ear thermometers are less unpleasant for animals, but are not considered accurate enough. Convenient for initial inspection.
With thermometry, it is necessary to monitor the sterility of the instrument itself so that it does not become a source of infection.
First aid for fever
What if the calf has a fever? Heat - evidence that in the body of the calf inflammatory reaction occurs. This may be the response of the body to the invasion of pathogenic bacteria or other microorganisms, and may also have a non-infectious nature. Sometimes a rise in temperature is accompanied by metabolic disorders resulting from malnutrition.
In the case of an infectious disease in a calf, fever has a protective function. It enhances the production of substances necessary to fight infection.
After the diagnosis, veterinarians prescribe, as a rule, a course of antibiotics. Properly chosen treatment will result in a natural cessation of fever.
There is a danger only if it lasts too long, overloading the body of the calf. For this purpose, there are antipyretics, which also have anti-inflammatory and anesthetic effects.
Abnormalities as a symptom of the disease
Temperatures in calves that do not fall within the normal range require immediate action. In the article “Body temperature in a cow” one can read about which diseases fever in adult cows usually indicates. Calves have their own most common ailments.
If the fever is accompanied by diarrhea, then a power failure may be the cause.
Loss of appetite and indications up to 41 degrees are with paratyphoid fever. The paratyphoid reveals itself only a week after the onset of the disease and without treatment leads to death.
Discharge from the nose and eyes, breathing problems, along with high fever up to 42 degrees, usually speak of bronchopneumonia. Respiratory diseases are successfully treated with antibiotics and sulfonamides.
Colibacillosis, one of the intestinal diseases that violate digestive functions, will first cause a temporary increase in temperature, and then its fall to 32-34 degrees. Accompanied by yellowish diarrhea and weakness.
Depletion or poisoning of the calf will lead to a deviation of the thermometer readings to the downside.
Long-term selection of domestic animals, on the one hand, led to an improvement in meat and dairy indicators, and on the other, to a decrease in the adaptability of the organism to the adverse effects of the environment. Like adult cows, calves are more vulnerable to a variety of ailments. Watching their wards and knowing what the temperature of the calf should be normal, the owners can consult a specialist in time. Early diagnosis of calf diseases helps prevent mortality and maintain good growth rates.
Did you manage to cure a calf after a strong fever? What caused the temperature to rise? Share your stories in the comments.
Like, if you learned from the article something new for yourself.