Unusual bleeding from a cow: what does it mean, how to deal with it, and is it worth taking action? These issues often concern livestock owners. The most common types of discharge with blood usually come from the nose and vulva. There are a number of reasons why such situations may arise. In the case of bleeding from the nasal cavities, this could be a head injury. And with discharge from the vulva - gynecological problems. Therefore, before starting treatment, it is necessary to discover the source of the problem.
Causes of nosebleeds
The mucous membrane of the cow's nose is one of the most susceptible to damage, so it is not difficult to break its integrity. This can result from the introduction of nasal probes or the use of nasal forceps, the entry of foreign bodies or the appearance of tumors (such as an angioma or an ulcer) in the nose.
Bleeding from the nose can occur as a result of infection with an infectious disease (anthrax, tuberculosis) or a non-communicable disease (scurvy, atherosclerosis, hemophilia). Also, this phenomenon may be the result of diseases of the lungs or stomach. In the case of pregnancy in a cow, bleeding may become a herald of metabolic disorders.
Often the cause of nosebleeds are parasites. For example, cases of detection in the nasal cavity of cows nasopharyngeal gadfly, the reproduction of which brings pain to the animal.
Depending on the color of the substance, it is possible to determine its origin. Scarlet, frothy can report about pulmonary hemorrhage, and dirty-brown with feed particles - about gastric.
Nose bleeding associated with digestive problems is often accompanied by vomiting. If the blood goes evenly and quickly coagulates into a dense mass, this indicates the absence of such dangerous pathologies as hemophilia, anthrax or tuberculosis.
Diagnosis of discharge from the vulva
Most often, blood is released from the vagina in cows after calving. The main reason for this is an inflammation of the walls of the uterus, called endometritis. It also happens that during the calving does not go completely afterbirth. This can cause severe inflammation, which sometimes leads to death.
Hypothermia of the cow also leads to the fact that purulent and blood exudates can be released from the vagina of the cow. Often colored discharge means a miscarriage in early pregnancy as a result of placental abruption.
Finally, subinvolution of the uterus can provoke the discharge of blood from the vagina of female cattle with blood. It arises due to inadequate feeding, care, or lack of a vitamin and mineral base.
First aid measures
When bleeding from the nose can not bother the cow. Her head should be slightly raised up and put ice compresses on the nose and neck. If the blood does not stop, a bandage or gauze pad should be introduced into the nasal cavity.
If the calf's nose suddenly bleeds, you should not allow sudden movements and excitement of the baby.
As for discharge from the vulva, the first thing to do is to consult a doctor. After examining a cow, a specialist can advise drugs to reduce the walls of the uterus, determine its swelling, or control the passage of the placenta.
In any case, you should not give yourself any drugs to the animal. It is imperative to consult a doctor who will help determine why a cow or calf exhibits certain symptoms.
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