Care of cattle requires close monitoring of the condition of the animals, including indicators such as the body temperature of the cows. In a healthy mammal, it is constant in a certain range. For cows, this is only one and a half degrees. All other deviations from normal values suggest a possible cattle ill health. For the owner - it is a signal for action.
What temperature is considered normal
The list of diseases of cattle, which begin with a rise in temperature, is huge. It is better to consult a specialist - a veterinarian will be able, as a result of a thorough examination, to determine which particular illness of a cow caused an imbalance in temperature.
Normally, temperature indicators for cows are usually 38-39 degrees. The deviations of the lower limit are still half a degree.
The ratio of temperature, pulse and respiration in cattle differs slightly for adult animals and young animals. Normal physiological parameters are given in the table.
For some cows, small deviations can be a variant of the norm, and here you also need to know the opinion of the veterinarian. In any case, exceeding the mark of 39 degrees is considered a sign of trouble. In some diseases, the temperature in cattle can rise to 41.
As can be seen from the table, the calf's temperature is slightly higher than that of adult cows. More about this we will tell in the article "The temperature at the calf is normal."
How to measure the temperature in animals
The heat in a person is easily determined by touch - the skin becomes hot, blood rushes to the face. Cows have a different natural mechanism, and the tactile "diagnostic" method does not work. Cattle increases the thermal parameters of the body, on the contrary, by reducing blood circulation in the skin. At the same time the metabolism increases and there is a muscular development of energy. Therefore, outwardly, a cow may seem cooler than usual, and perhaps a slight trembling of the muscles will become noticeable.
Objectively, an increase in degrees can be judged only by the thermometer readings for animals. Usually, the test is performed rectally or through the mouth of a cow. When measuring it should be remembered that:
- the thermometer itself can be a source of infection - the device must be well disinfected;
- the animal does not like such procedures, so the cow must be carefully fixed before conducting thermometry;
- you should not take measurements alone - you need a partner for safety.
What does the presence of heat indicate
Animal fever in itself is not only a sign of illness. The high temperature of a cow means that protective mechanisms are activated in the animal's body to help fight infection or trigger the production of immunity.
Artificial lowering the temperature will stop the processes of resistance to the disease and may worsen the condition of the animal.
Danger is a long fever. First, it leads to an overload of the internal organs, especially the heart muscle. Secondly, it slows down the elimination and neutralization of toxic substances, including waste products and the remains of pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms. In this case, fever reducing measures are necessary.
How to beat down high rates
If the reason for the deviation from the physiological temperature norm in a cow has already been identified, then, as a rule, the veterinarian prescribes a comprehensive treatment. In case of infectious diseases, it will include antibiotics corresponding to the detected pathology. It can be penicillin, polyflex, enroflon and other drugs.
Depending on the disease, hormones and calcium are used. If necessary, conduct infusion therapy for flushing the body. To reduce the temperature directly, antipyretic agents are used, which, as a rule, also have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. These include, for example, antipyrine. But in any case, you should not engage in self-treatment - you need to consult a veterinarian.
When you need to monitor the thermometer readings
In any suspicious condition of the animal, it is imperative to use a thermometer. If the animal is already subject to any serious disease, it is necessary to monitor its temperature for 10-15 days. In the first month after calving, daily monitoring is necessary (including for the calf) with regular recording of indicators.
The temperature graph will help to notice in time even a brief jump in the body temperature of the cow, which will make it possible to prevent or cure pathologies that are no longer apparent. This may be a latent infection, postpartum complications or eating disorders.
All deviations from the normal temperature should immediately report to the veterinarian. Timely professional inspection and early diagnosis often saves time, money and protects the health of livestock.
What pathologies proceed with fever
Here are just some of the diseases that are accompanied by a change in body temperature in a cow:
- posttotal intoxication;
- udder infectious diseases;
- hoof disease.
If the fever began after calving, then there is a high probability of posttotal intoxication, when bacterial decomposition of the unrecovered afterbirth begins. The second most common cause may be beginning mastitis. It will manifest itself additionally by secretions from the udder and its deformation.
With metritis, the external signs of the disease may not be at all. The infection will be confirmed only by laboratory analysis and detection of uterine edema. In pneumonia, a disturbance in the functioning of the airways and noise in the lungs will be added to the fever. In case of poisoning, the temperature, on the contrary, is reduced. In addition, the poisoning will make itself known diarrhea, vomiting and palpitations.
Body temperature in domestic animals varies according to age, breed and size. Timely registration of all deviations from the norm is an essential element of pet care. In veterinary medicine, thermometry is an important indicator for determining the diagnosis.
Do you monitor the body temperature of your animals? Share your experiences in the comments.
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