Veterinarians note that prolapse of the uterus in cows, often leads to death. This is due to the difficulties of treatment, and the complete loss of the reproductive functions of the animal. In such a situation, the cow is sent to the slaughterhouse rather than trying to heal, because the result is always the same - infertility. To prevent the killing of the animal and not to lose the fertile female, uterine diseases should be prevented. For this, it is worth understanding the nature of the disease, the symptoms and the treatment options.
The uterus is a vulnerable organ
The uterus serves as an intermediary in the fertilization of the egg. In it, the calf grows and develops until the moment when it should be born. The same sex organ is involved in the hotel. All this pushes to the conclusion that the reproductive functions of the female depend on how the uterus functions in the female - the ability to give offspring.
According to statistics, in the uterus of cattle inflammatory processes are most often observed. It is associated with high organ sensitivity. Most often, inflammation begins during pregnancy or after calving. The greatest risk of infection lasts 12 hours after delivery. At this time, it should be especially closely monitor the female.
The main problem is that most uterine diseases lead to a complete loss of reproductive abilities. This becomes the reason for sending the female for slaughter, because it is no longer profitable to keep the animal to the farmer.
The consequences of uterine infection
Endometritis is an infectious disease of cattle that develops in the upper layer of the uterus of the animal. It contributes to the violation of uterine functions and leads to a weakening of the tone of the uterine muscles. This can affect the course of pregnancy and cause a prolapse of the uterus.
Often, veterinarians do not try to treat endometritis, and immediately after the diagnosis of the disease, the cow is sent to the slaughter. It may seem that such treatment is cruel. In fact, it is difficult to treat a prolapse of the uterus or endometritis in cows, and rehabilitation can be difficult and with complications. Frequently, the operated animal does not survive, and efforts become vain.
The etiology of the occurrence of endometritis in animals is different, but in most cases the farmers are guilty for not following hygiene in the stalls and poorly sterilizing operating instruments.
The consequences of the infection and what is the cause of it can be seen in the table below:
If a cow has a uterine infection, then it is the breeder's fault, since the animal itself cannot do this kind of damage to itself. In some cases, downgrading can save an animal, but the cow is still doomed to slaughter.
Signs of disease
Externally, it is impossible to determine that a cow can fall out of the uterus, since the pathogenesis of this disease is manifested implicitly. An experienced veterinarian can identify the pathology by testing the walls and even correcting the situation by right before they are outside. But, we are talking about an experienced veterinarian who has seen many similar cases.
Young professionals will not be able to notice in advance the inversion and prolapse of the uterus, and therefore, they have to work with a more serious case, when she was already outside. There were situations when, following the uterus, the bladder and even the rectum fell out.
In some cases, the uterus that fell out may erect itself, but this happens infrequently and only if there is no inflammatory process in the genitals. If the infection has already begun, then it is difficult to help the animal.
Violations of the uterus and their consequences
Causes of uterine prolapse are most often associated with improper care of a cow before and after fertilization. Directly in the body of a cow, loss can lead to:
- the period of staying without active exercise;
- insufficient elasticity of the walls;
- the formation of water bodies in fetal membranes;
- multiple pregnancy;
- the mistake of the doctor in the removal of the fetus;
- generic complications;
- postpartum complications.
Most of these causes are caused by insufficient mobility of the cow during pregnancy. The rest are the result of the negligence of a specialist. Of course, complications can appear even if fetal extraction has proceeded smoothly, but there are few such cases in medical practice.
Help Tips: Tips From Those Who Have Encountered The Situation
If the uterus of the cow has fallen partially, then it is much easier to assist the animal. It is necessary to try to straighten or use a weakly disinfecting solution for this. If you decide to use the second method, then you will need to pour a large amount of the solution inside. In this case, the croup of the cow must be raised, and the anesthetic drug is injected into the animal itself.
If, in the process of inversion, the uterus is completely outside, then it is necessary to perform a reduction quickly and precisely. To make the operation successful, there are a few tips:
- a team to assist should be formed as soon as possible;
- the location of the operation must be clean;
- if you treat the uterus with glucose solution, it will reduce swelling;
- tightening the uterus with a bandage makes work easier;
- Before surgery, you must cut your nails.
By following these tips, you can more effectively perform the operation, and the probability of recovery of the animal will increase greatly.
Stages of operation
If you notice that the cow has a uterus, the most important thing is not to panic. It is necessary to put the animal so that its croup is above the head. Wash the uterus with a 3% solution of potassium permanganate to ensure sterility. If there are wounds on the skin, they are carefully cauterized with a solution of iodine.
The reposition is made by hand clenched into a fist. It is necessary to put it in the middle, and support the hanging parts with a towel. After the uterus was in the same place, it should be straightened. Then it should be fixed by suturing the vulva or other available means.
After you have completed the fixation, you must bandage the cow tightly. At the end of the operation, the animals need constant monitoring. So that the uterus is not outside again, you should increase muscle tone with the help of massage. You can do it by hand or by pouring water inside.
After the operation to reduce the uterus of the cow, it is important to follow the rules for its content. The animal is placed in a special stall, located at an inclination of 40-60 cm. Thus, the croup of the cow should be above its head.
To reduce the attempts, it is recommended to put bags of warm sand on the animal's croup. It is recommended to wash the uterus with a 2-5% solution of novocaine or cocaine, and from the outside, the treatment should be carried out with a menthol solution based on petroleum jelly. In order to prevent contamination, sulfonamides and streptocides are given to an animal with food. Penicillin and streptomycin are injected intramuscularly.
As practice shows, only 20% of cows survive after complete loss of the uterus, so it is better to watch your animals in order to prevent death.
In the article, we told you about what can cause uterine diseases in cows, we hope that it will be useful for you.
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