In order to increase the weight of the animal in meat farms, bulls are often castrated. It is advisable to do this while the animal is still at a young age. In this case, surgery is easier and more painless. Adults after the removal of the testes may be ill for a long time or get complications. There are other indications for this operation. When it comes to a particular disease, they no longer look at the age of the cattle, but simply provide the necessary assistance.
There may be several answers to the question of why to castrate bulls. The most common causes are:
- medical indications, for example, with scrotal hernia, varicose spermatic cord, chronic orchitis, periorchitis, as well as in the case of injuries in the testicle area;
- raising animals for household needs, in order to create a hardy individual;
- fattening bulls for meat.
In the issue of castration of animals, there are a number of contraindications for the operation. These include: certain diseases, inappropriate age and time when the farm is quarantined.
Remember that only gobies that are not involved in breeding are recommended for castration.. In addition, outbred specimens operate on purpose, in order to prevent unplanned offspring.
As a way to increase the weight of the animal
Castration of bulls leads to the fact that irreversible changes occur in the body of animals. After the removal of the genitals, they become lethargic, which contributes to the mass gain. An important difference of such a bull is a calm disposition. Handling and keeping castrated animals is much easier. They no longer participate in the fight for the female, which protects them from injuries sustained during the fight.
As practice shows, the meat of castrated bulls is tastier, softer and more tender. It has a small fat layer and does not have a specific smell at all, unlike animal meat with normal sexual functions. It is these reasons that force farmers to carry out such operations in the herd, so that consumers can get the most delicious and tender meat.
Making oxen from bulls
Ox is the common name for neutered bulls, which is still relevant today. Some time ago it was impossible to do without oxen on the farm, because with their help all the hard work was done. Harnessing ordinary bulls and forcing them to work in the fields is quite difficult, because such animals have a cool temper.
For this reason, for hard work, only castrated individuals were taken. These animals are calmer, better obey the owner and can work longer than gobies that have preserved reproductive function. And farmers preferred not to breed breeding bulls into the fields, the main function of which was to fertilize cows.
At present, "cows' labor" has been preserved on small farms. Today, farmers castrate outbred individuals, because using an ox to transport goods over short distances is much more efficient than using a tractor or a truck.
Pros and cons of sterilization treatment
Some genital diseases in male cattle are not treatable. And, if the bull is not castrated in a timely manner, then it can simply die. Veterinarians recommend this option only in extreme cases when other methods of treatment no longer work.
If the breeding bull is seriously ill - this is a big trouble for the breeder. Owners have to completely change the plans for his account, since this instance will no longer be able to participate in breeding. In such cases, the decision is made to sterilize the animal. However, this is not always a disaster, as it may seem initially.
A castrated individual can be fattened for meat and thereby cover the costs of a new sire producing. Thus, farmers have the opportunity to pour into the herd "new blood", which is a plus.
Correctly pick up the moment
The first thing that is important to do is to choose the right time for the operation. Firstly, it is not recommended to carry it out in hot weather, since the wound from the incision may heal poorly or sepsis will begin in the bull. But a strong cold for such a procedure is not the best assistant. Optimally - choose cool weather without sudden changes in temperature.
Secondly, it is important not to miscalculate with age the bull, which is going to operate. If you raise an animal for fattening, the procedure is best carried out before it is 8 months old. Later castration of bulls by the open method can lead to the fact that the brute begins to lose weight.
The best age for operating a bull is 2-3 months, in case you are going to let it go for meat. If you want to grow a fish individual, then castration is carried out at the age of 1.5 to 2 years.
Preoperative preparation of the animal
The first thing to do is prepare the tools. To castrate cattle, you must have: a scalpel, silk thread, gauze, 5% iodine solution, water, a razor and medical gloves.
Now it is worthwhile to immobilize the bull itself so that it does not harm either himself or the doctor. If the mother of the calf is nearby, then it must also be firmly tied so that it does not interfere.
The animal's genitalia before the operation must be thoroughly washed in order to prevent infection. To do this, use warm water, as cold liquid will additionally injure the bull.
After the operated area is flushed, the place where the incision will be made must be shaved. Then, it is treated with iodine solution, and the skin of the scrotum is tensioned. Now you can castrate.
It is not recommended to administer pain medication to young individuals. If the operation is done to animals that are more than 1.5 years old, then such a procedure is necessary. It can be done in several ways.
The first option is general anesthesia for the animal. Its official name is "Russian method". This method is often used on farms, as it is not necessary to keep the animal, and the doctor can carry out the operation alone. True, general anesthesia can have a number of consequences, therefore, if possible, it is recommended that the animals do local anesthesia.
In the case of local anesthesia, it is important to observe the correct dosage and clearly monitor where the injection is done. For anesthesia during castration, 5 ml of 4% novocaine solution is injected into both cannulas. The injection is placed at 7-12 centimeters above the testis.
Ways of fixing bulls
If an adult is castrated and general anesthesia is used, there will be no problems with the immobilization of the animal. If representatives of young KRS are operated on or decided to use local anesthesia during the operation, then it is necessary to immobilize the cattle using any of the known methods.
A popular option is immobilization, where the bull stays in a standing position. In order for the animal not to move, it is necessary on the one hand to tie the horns, on the other - to press it against the wall. However, this method is effective only when working with calves.
If an adult bull is operated, it is recommended to lay it on its side. In this case, the first assistant reliably presses the head of the animal to the floor. The second one connects the limbs so that the upper back leg is directed towards the head and tied to the body through the neck, and the other legs are connected.
Do not forget that your safety and his health depend on how reliably you fix the bull before castration.
After the preparatory procedures are completed, the operation itself begins. Armed with a scalpel, it is necessary to make a cut close to the base from the side of the abdomen. It is important to make a sharp and deep enough cut to capture both the skin and the shell. It should be of such size that it was convenient to pull out the testicle.
After the incision is made, the testis is pulled to the maximum possible length. Gently cleaned of the shell. Now, it remains to cut off the transitional bundle and make a castration loop.
It is important that the loop is located, as far as possible, away from the testis. A similar procedure is performed with the second testicle.
Keep in mind that a newcomer to carry out the operation yourself is not worth it. It should be done by a veterinarian or a livestock breeder with similar experience. A person who does not have such experience can only play the role of an assistant, performing the orders of a doctor.
Castration loop: action algorithm
The castration loop is an important step in the operation of bull sterilization. It is necessary to follow the rules so that the procedure goes without problems, and wound healing proceeded without complications. The algorithm of action is as follows:
- loop the silk thread around the appendage;
- cut the end of the thread near the tail part of the appendage again and lower it into the first loop;
- tighten the thread until the white edge;
- for insurance to make the third loop;
- cut off the appendage and testis below the place where the knot is tied;
- cauterize the cut point with iodine solution;
- making sure that the incision has ceased to bleed, cut off unnecessary threads;
- sew up the incision, and treat the wound edges with iodine solution.
After completing the operation, the perineum is recommended to be treated with terramycin or streptocide. Both drugs must be placed inside the wound.
In order for the healing to go well, no infection has entered the wound or the parasites do not start, it is important to take precautions. First, it is necessary to look so that flies, gadflies and other insects that are carriers of infections do not land on the incision.
The easiest way to prevent this is to use special deterrent drugs. After the operation, it is necessary to remove the old litter, clean and treat the stall, pour fresh sawdust.
Careful observation of the bull is recommended for three days after castration. During this period, a small amount of blood from the wound is normal. The main thing is to watch so that inflammation does not start. If you notice swelling, profuse bleeding, or inflammatory reactions, you should immediately contact a veterinarian.
Sterilization of bulls in a bloodless way.
The advantage of the bloodless method is that the castrated bull feels much better. The operation can be carried out in the heat, and the risk of infection is significantly reduced. The bloodless castration procedure is as follows:
- the seed cant is felt and forceps are placed on its neck;
- the edging is pushed toward the outer wall of the scrotum and is placed between the jaws;
- now it is squeezed by tightening the handles of the forceps;
- To achieve the maximum effect, the procedure is repeated once more, having moved 2.5 cm.
After such an operation, the testes atrophy themselves, after 2-3 weeks. You can notice this by the fact that their size will be significantly reduced. However, to carry out the operation without specialized knowledge is extremely dangerous, you can harm the bull. Therefore, you need to contact a veterinarian who will monitor the entire course of the procedure.
Use rubber ring
An option that is often used for bloodless castration - the imposition of a rubber ring on the scrotum. By placing an attribute on the genitals of a bull, you provoke numbness. After a certain time, the flow of blood and other substances into the testes completely stops, they atrophy and fall off.
Farmers castrate animals in this way due to the fact that it is relevant at any time of the year. But, when castration with a rubber ring, there is a danger - the animal can start tetanus. The benefits include the fact that animals experience only a small short-term pain.
Do not forget that the castration itself is a stress for the animal, and having performed the operation is not correct, you can greatly harm the bulls. Therefore, all such procedures are always better to trust experienced professionals, rather than trying to do it yourself.
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