Today we will talk about why calves gnaw boards. Usually a young calf begins to take everything in his mouth and bite objects after weaning from the colostrum. This happens against the background of a lack of vitamins in young animals and the development of hypovitaminosis. Animals begin to eat the ground, suck up wooden structures, tear rags and paper. To cattle do not have the desire to gnaw foreign objects, the diet should be regularly enriched with a full range of vitamins and minerals.
Causes naughty behavior of calves
In late winter and early spring, farms usually receive a long-awaited replenishment. Mature cows calve, and young bulls and cows are born. By virtue of age, calves, seemingly playfully, scatter and gnaw surrounding objects. Such actions may be due to the splash of a large amount of energy of a young body, but more often the reasons for active behavior are:
- lack of nutrients in the calf's diet;
- the period when the newborns begin to cut their teeth, and the babies scratch their swollen gums on available objects;
- the presence in the body of the calf parasites, with the result that he shows an increased interest in inedible objects.
An anxious period of growth of the first teeth in young calves must be waited. You can give them nibble safe items (hewn boards and sticks). From possible infection with parasites, it is necessary to anthelmintic all livestock.
The most effective way to wean the young from wanting to lick the ground and gnaw the boards is a properly organized diet.
The diet of the newborn baby
From the first minutes of life, calves begin to actively suck the cow's udder, receiving all the necessary nutrients from colostrum. After 5-10 days, the colostrum becomes milk, containing fewer vitamins and trace elements. From now on, it is necessary to accustom the animal to fortified feedings. In the daily diet of the baby you need to add 15 g of grated chalk, 10 g of bone meal, 5 g of salt.
If animals pull everything into the mouth and eat the ground, this can be a sign of a lack of minerals. It is necessary to begin to teach calves to hay. In small portions, fresh hay is put into the feeder daily. Since young bulls and cows are not yet accustomed to chewing dry grass, they smell it and stain it with saliva. But gradually they will understand what to do. If you do not change the hay in the feeder daily, then it will begin to sour and provoke gastric upset. Therefore, you need to monitor the purity of the feed.
Eating young from seven days
From a week old, four spoons of liquid semolina are added to drinking milk. Calves that are more than 10 days old are trained to mashed potatoes. Prepare it as follows: until the gruel is kneaded, boiled tubers are kneaded and mixed with boiled water. The finished puree is served to a young animal with milk, 50-100 g at one time 2-3 times a day.
For each feeding, it is necessary to prepare a fresh portion of chopped potatoes, as the mashed potatoes sour after a few hours. Three weeks later, clean potato peelings, fodder beet slices and fruit compote are put on hay.
From the age of three months, it is necessary to teach calves to eat raw potatoes in large slices. First, give 150-300 g per day, and then increase the portion, so that by six months the calf consumed up to 7 kg of tubers. In the daily diet include 100-200 g of fresh carrots, in two months the rate should increase to a kilogram.
Nutrients required in the diet
So that the calf does not eat the ground and does not gnaw the wood, it is necessary to add all the necessary components to its diet from the very first days of life.
Food of young individuals should be rich in protein and fiber. Compound feeding with legume-based forage feed supplies the body of calves with calcium. Phosphorus gives cereal grains and bone meal. In the summer period, fresh grass must be in the diet of animals, it enriches the body with magnesium. Fine grain cereals contain large amounts of potassium.
After the calf is trained to hay, 1 tbsp is introduced into its daily diet. a spoonful of salt and 1 tbsp. spoon ash. The most useful ash - from hardwood, best of all - birch. It is useful to supply the diet of young animals with nutritional supplement for full development in the form of a premix. Sapropel (bottom sediments) and cobalt are also added to the feed.
Good nutrition is a guarantee of peace for your young. It is also necessary to ensure the purity of the stall premises where young cows and bull-calves are kept. It is necessary to clean the rubbish every day on places of walking, in order to avoid swallowing foreign objects by animals.
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