A convenient nest for the rabbit is very important when breeding rabbits. Warm cozy queen cells guarantee favorable development, growth of young stock. Inside them, even under adverse weather conditions, females comfortably give birth and feed healthy offspring. Therefore, such shelters for eared animals increase their productivity. Relying on the drawings, the queens for rabbits are simple to do with your own hands, even without any special skills.
What is the mother liquor
Wild eared animals in nature live in cramped minks. Such cozy homes made by animals are most relevant to their needs. The mother liquor is a kind of nest for rabbits, inside which they feel safe. It is here that comfortable conditions are created for the natural environment and the development of small rabbits.
In rabbit breeding, it is a separate box with a round hole through which the inhabitants enter and exit. The device of the rabbit "house" implies additional insulation of the walls and floor. Due to this, the heat in the internal space is well preserved, despite the low ambient temperatures in the winter season.
The standard size of the “nest” for an average breed is 56 cm long, 30 cm wide, and 35 cm high. Large rabbit breeds, for example, the gray giant, require more space for feeding and brood breeding. At the same time, the inner cellular space in which the mother liquor is settled is of decisive importance. In other constructions, the cell wall is removed and a “rabbit nest” is attached on the side.
Necessity of arrangement
Full reproduction of rabbit stock is possible in conditions that are suitable to meet the natural needs of animals. Being in an open cage, the rabbit will feel tense when feeding babies. Constant stress often leads to the loss of milk from a nursing mother.
In addition, small bunnies are born blind, naked and helpless. A warm lonely place, protected from drafts and low temperatures, is vital for them.
Young animals are characterized by weak immunity, therefore, in the early stages of development, even the gray giant needs "greenhouse conditions". In 2-3 weeks of life under the care of the rabbit, the young acquire resistance to the adverse effects of the environment, are prepared for independent existence.
When breeding and raising healthy livestock of eared animals, the arrangement of the mother liquor for the rabbit is a vital task.
Types and design features
Rabbits of any breed need shelter for breeding. A kind of imitation of a rabbit hole in a farm is a box made of wooden materials with one inlet. In their natural habitat, rabbits live inside a cramped hole, the size of which depends on the breed of animals.
You can buy ready-made cells with embedded queen cells, but they have significant drawbacks. First, after each okrol it is necessary to carry out disinfection inside the cell. Secondly, this design is difficult to clean.
More advanced option are removable type queen cells. They allow to solve these problems by maintaining the sanitary indicators of places around at a high level.
For most breeds, standard cages are quite suitable, and for larger breeds, which include flandres, white and gray giants, you need to choose a larger liquor size. It should be remembered that the animals perceive an oversized nest as a holistic living space, thus managing their natural needs. It is better if there is a separate access to the nest outside.
Important points on the nest arrangement
When there are drawings in the presence of interested farmers, the mother cake for rabbits is quite simple to do with your own hands. However, there are some points that must be taken into account. Among them are the following important points:
- to prevent rotting of the base of the mother liquor on the bottom it is better to put a galvanized sheet and cover it with a thick layer of straw;
- wood of newly sawn softwood should be discarded when mounting the "house", since the essential oils can scare away the rabbit;
- it is important to arrange free access in order to clean the mother liquor, to monitor the condition of the rabbits;
- it is recommended to warm the walls of the rabbit nest by filling sawdust between two sheets of plywood;
- It is not recommended to make a hole in the mother liquor too high so that the grown-up little rabbits could get out and come back.
By following a clear plan of action, using the right materials, you can make an excellent “mink” for rabbits, which will reliably protect you from drafts and winter cold.
Drawings, tools and materials
The standard sizes of mothers for rabbits assume use of the correct materials and components. At the very beginning of the assembly of the structure, it is necessary to prepare natural plywood sheets, wooden slats, insulation, galvanized iron sheet, metal hinges, screws, nails. Also for the installation will need a hammer, saw, small hacksaw for wood, tape measure, screwdriver, a simple pencil.
Mother drafts for rabbits with their own hands according to the drawings are easy to make, if you cut out blanks of certain dimensions from appropriate materials.
Before assembling the rabbit house, in accordance with the design scheme, it is required to prepare four sheets of plywood of the following standard sizes. For the front and rear walls - 56x30 cm, lateral - 35x30 cm, the bottom and the cover - 56x35cm.
Wooden bars up to 2 cm thick will be needed. Of these, eight pieces, 56 cm long, are needed for mounting the front, rear wall, bottom and lid. Six pieces of 31 cm suitable for the side walls and bottom. Blanks of such dimensions determine the standard size of the queen cell. For the gray giant breed, a larger nest is required, dimensions increase by 5-10 cm.
How to make mother liquor for rabbits do it yourself
Artificial rabbit nest, made by man, must meet the requirements of practicality, durability, ease of maintenance. In addition, it must meet the physiological needs of the animals themselves.
To begin the assembly of the structure should be from the walls. You need to take one plywood blank and nail the slats at its edges around the perimeter. The resulting frame should be filled with insulation in the form of sawdust and close it with plywood on top. Four more of these double insulated rabbit house walls are made similarly.
Special attention should be paid to the front wall, in which it is necessary to cut a hole with a diameter of about 16 cm. Accordingly, a larger breed like the gray giant requires a larger entrance space (up to 20 cm). A simpler nest design allows the use of the board only at the bottom of the facade. It is also required to warm.
At the next stage, galvanized iron is required to cut a sheet of 52x31 cm and nail it to the bottom of the queen plant. After preparation of all structural elements, you can proceed to assembly.
Using screws or nails, carefully assemble the box. It is important to focus on the device cover. For the convenience of cleaning the inner space of the mother liquor, it is better to make it folding using metal hinges. In such a “mink” the female with little rabbits will feel comfortable in summer and winter, since the lid can be closed or opened as needed.
Despite the different sizes of the mother liquor for rabbits, its floor must be covered with a thick layer of straw. It is important to maintain a dry and clean coating. Wet dirty litter can force the female to leave the nest.
Prepare the mother liquor for wintering should be in the fall. This is due to the fact that a pregnant rabbit needs caring attitude and care. Low temperatures pose a particular danger to broods, so in modern rabbit breeding special heaters are widely used, which help maintain the temperature inside the rabbit house at a constant level.
They are issued in the form of an electric hot-water bottle, a film with a heating element. More information about this can be found in the article "Heating in the mother liquor for rabbits." The main thing when installing a heating device is to prevent the animals from contacting with the electric cable, because even young animals can start nibbling them, putting their lives at risk.
The easiest way to prepare the mother liquor for the winter can be additional insulation of the walls of the box with foam plastic, hot water bottles. But it requires considerable time.
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