For the farmer, it is important to provide proper care for newborn rabbits that are born blind and not covered with wool. Lumps weighing 50-70 g are exposed to temperature changes. They can get heatstroke or freeze. An unprepared nest with a small amount of fluff can lead to birth and postpartum injuries, as well as to the death of little rabbits. Proper care in the first days of life allows by 3 months to grow animals that have a weight of at least 2-3 kg.
Animals with high fertility
An adult rabbit at home can produce up to 12 babies, giving birth 4 to 6 times a year, although the standard number of okrols in the wild reaches 10-11 per year.
The gestation period in rabbits lasts from 26 to 35 days, and the birth of a baby rabbit occurs at night. The duration of sukrolnost depends on the number of emerging fruits, the availability of the necessary feed, time of year, as well as the physiological characteristics of each individual rabbit.
Newborn rabbits are completely dependent on the mother. They are born completely blind and naked, and the first fluff will appear only on the third day after birth.
In the first days of life, babies cannot do without a mother and most often die if, for some reason, the female refused to feed them. The rabbit breeder needs to create the most comfortable conditions for the rabbit and future offspring, and if necessary, be ready for independent feeding of babies left without mother care.
Preparation of mother liquor and nest for okrol
If you decide to seriously engage in the breeding of rabbits, then the preparation of one or several mothers should be the first priority. Remember that small rabbits not covered with hair can easily get hurt on the floor or dried food debris. They still do not have strong immunity and any injury leads to complications and death. Therefore, a regular cage is not suitable for keeping a female and her newborn babies.
A few days before the birth, the little rabbits begin to behave restlessly and settle the nest themselves, putting the softest leaves and blades of grass, as well as fluff plucked out of their own breasts. But it will be better if you pre-cover the floor of the mother liquor with a soft cloth. This will reliably protect rabbits from injuries, as well as from dirt and dust that are clogged in the respiratory passages and eyes.
In no case can not lining the bottom of the mother liquor with wool and down, belonging to another animal.
Remember that in the first 10 days the newborn rabbit is completely dependent on the mother, and the rabbit breeder, for his part, can only create the most comfortable conditions for him.
Relieve the rabbit from stress
In the prenatal and generic period, protect the female from stress, as well as cut her claws on the feet. This will help protect newborns from injury when some females can start biting and throwing them out of the nest.
This behavior is typical for young animals that have experienced a difficult period of suckering and are not able to survive stress. Rarely it happens in adult rabbit, who have not only one childbirth. This indicates a problem with the health of the mother and may affect the development of baby rabbits.
Remember that these rabbits no longer need to be used for the birth of offspring. They are fattened and allowed to produce meat or fur. Read more in the article "Why does the rabbit throws or eats her bunnies."
Babies from an animal need to be taken away and tried to be fed up with the help of artificial baits. Rabbits from such a litter do not have good health and will not fit as producers.
Next, consider how to care for newborn rabbits.
Healthy rabbits on the hands do not take
The birth of a rabbit is easy and the farmer is better not to interfere. Childbirth often occurs in the night and morning hours, and babies are born, on average, with an interval of 10 minutes. The female eats afterbirth only after the birth of the last baby is completed.
The born babies are small and weigh no more than 50-70 g. In the first days of rabbits it is not recommended to take them in your arms. It is believed that some females may be from children. But it is not. Rabbits are animals that always recognize and adopt their babies.
Sometimes stillborn animals or those with serious developmental defects are born. These newborn rabbits should be removed from the cage.
Examine and feel the female's belly. Find out how much milk she has. Leave the same number of babies in the nest as the female has the working nipples, or one less animal.
If the mother does not have any milk at all, or she abandoned the babies, then be prepared for the fact that you will have to take care of them yourself. Without help, the rabbits will not survive, and you will need to feed them milk mixtures at least 4-6 times a day. For information on how to care for babies left without a mother, read the article "On Artificial Feeding of Baby Rabbits."
Rules for the maintenance of newborn babies
If the mother’s relationship with the offspring is good, then give the rabbits 10 days to get stronger and open their eyes. In the first week, the mother feeds, cares for and licks them daily, stimulating blood circulation in the subcutaneous layer.
By 10 days the rabbits open their eyes, they begin to explore the nest and its surroundings. If the eyes did not begin to open, be sure to invite a veterinarian who will find the cause of the problem and help get rid of it.
At this time should:
- to inspect the cell at least 1 time per day;
- monitor the temperature at +20 degrees Celsius;
- Do not allow other animals to cage, especially cats and dogs;
- do not disturb the female and do not cause her feeling of stress;
- do not contain cells with mature males at a distance closer than 2 m from the mother liquor.
The physiology of rabbits is such that the female is capable of fertilization the very next day after giving birth. Therefore, the presence of the smell of genital secrets of the male makes it aggressive and extremely mobile. Such a female is capable of crushing one or more babies with her weight, and caring for her becomes very difficult.
Leave the nest from malnutrition
Rabbits who eat well grow very quickly and at the age of 2.5-3 weeks weigh 6-10 times more than at the moment of birth.
Being left without the care of the mother during the day (the female feeds the babies once a day at night), they begin to explore the environment. If mother milk is not enough for them, then it is during the day that babies try to find food outside the nest.
There are different opinions about how many days the rabbits begin to climb out of the nest. But it is considered normal when rabbits come out of the nest, reaching 3 weeks. If less time passes before the release, then this is a clear sign that you do not feed the female badly and do not give her enough fresh water.
If you see that the babies come out of the nest during the day, then begin to observe their behavior and add a rabbit succulent green fodder.
Improve feeding rabbit
Try to expand your diet. At this time, the female is better to overfeed than underfeed. Make sure that it has free access to a source of purified drinking water, which must be heated in winter.
If this does not help, and babies weigh less than 300 g, then you can not do without feeding them with the help of artificial mixtures. Remember that rabbits under the age of 20 days are still too early to be converted to feeding with adult feed, their JCG is not ready to digest coarse food.
Hungry babies squeak and behave restlessly. Care for baby rabbits of this age is easy. Try feeding them, giving a drop of molasses. Usually the carbohydrates contained in it are enough for the young to feel full.
Some farmers transplant babies to another female mother, but this does not always lead to the expected results.
Go to adult feed
With proper maintenance and a balanced diet, by the 10th day, the eyes of the little rabbits are fully opened, and by 20 days the formation of the coat is completed. The rabbit begins to actively get out of the nest and explore the cage or aviary.
Care for baby rabbits aged 20 days or more is slightly different from milk feeding. At this time, they can be gradually transferred to adult feeding. Read more about when it is better for babies to get out of the cage and how much time it will take to read the article "When you need to remove the rabbits from the rabbit."
Rabbits eat grated carrots, bran and juicy grass rich in sugars and vitamins. Feed them with artificial mixtures made from 250 ml of goat milk, egg yolk, a teaspoon of molasses and 1-2 drops of vitamins in liquid form. Let's feed with a pipette and make sure that their airways are not clogged.
Read more about how many baby rabbits eat and what product is considered preferable for them in the article “What feeds little rabbits on.”
When is it better to set mother away from babies?
It is best to divide the mother with the cubs after they reach the age of 1 month.
Some farmers recommend keeping babies with their mother up to 4-6 months. At this time, they, along with adult feed, receive the rabbit's milk, which strengthens their health and makes them thicker.
Remove the rabbit from the mother liquor and transplant it into another cage. It helps to relieve the kids from stress.
It is better to set down baby rabbits into individual cages at the age of 2 months, when they begin to enter puberty.
Seat males who have sexual activity. They will fight without fail and may cause serious injuries to each other.
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