The quality of dairy products depends on the health of animals, and diseases of the udder in cows are very common. They cause the suffering of animals, as well as reducing the quality and quantity of milk. Due to certain diseases, it may even become dangerous to human health. Therefore, even large livestock farms can become unprofitable. Timely diagnosis and proper treatment will help to cope with the threat.
Mastitis is the most common disease.
Let us analyze the causes of udder diseases in a cow, consider which ones are most common, and also list the symptoms, and most importantly, the ways and means of treatment.
Mastitis is a formidable enemy for pets and, especially, cows. Several types of it are diagnosed:
- acute serous;
The cause of this disease of cows are bacteria. Pathogens can be found on bedding and cattle skin. They may even infect the hands of the milkmaid, if she does not thoroughly observe hygiene. Mechanical damage to the udder can provoke mastitis, which can occur if, for example, milking is carried out under an excessively intense vacuum.
Drafts, temperature drops, hypothermia lower immunity and may contribute to the disease. Treatment must be carried out in a complex, because mastitis affects the entire body of the animal. Antibiotics and drugs that stimulate the immune system are necessary for recovery. Read more about this in the article "Mastitis in cows: symptoms and treatment."
Mastitis is better to prevent than to think about how to treat it. To do this, keep cattle in a dry, clean and warm room, follow the necessary rules of hygiene and be attentive to the condition of the cow.
The most common injury is a bruise. Signs of it are obvious. If redness, hematoma, lumps are noticed, it is necessary to take urgent measures, because a cow cannot complain about pain, and the consequences of such an injury can be very serious.
The causes of the bruise are many: hooves or horns, falling. The impact can be aseptic inflammation of the tissues of the mammary glands, that is, disease-causing bacteria enter the udder, which causes inflammation of the tissues and glands. Especially dangerous if nipple damage has occurred. One of the obvious signs of injury is the appearance of blood in the milk.
To alleviate the condition of the cow, you need:
- using Novocainic blockade to relieve pain;
- provide comfort and peace;
- Be sure to contact a specialist;
- milking a cow, as milk in the udder worsens the condition of the animal;
- on the first day, apply ice to the injury site;
- On the second day of treatment, warm procedures are necessary: baths, warming up, and when the bruise is small, a light massage can be made;
- if the udder injury is very severe, antibiotics may be used.
The crack is a consequence of careless care.
Among the most common injuries should be mentioned cracks. They occur in case of loss of skin elasticity. The skin on the udder may harden due to dirt. Its integrity is also broken in contact with tough, dry vegetation, branches of shrubs. As a result, cracks appear.
It should be noted that this, at first glance, a small injury is also fraught with mastitis. The disease can be complicated if an infection gets into the cracks. It is easy to get rid of this problem, you just need to wash the udder with warm water and soda and lubricate the affected area with ointment with streptocide or other means with disinfecting properties. The best prevention - the right care for animals, timely and accurate milking.
Edema may seem like the least dangerous disease of the udder, but it can also cause mastitis. Swelling of the glands occurs in cows after calving, more often after the first, the reason is a violation of blood circulation. The most highly deserving species are subject to this disease.
Among the circumstances that can provoke swelling of the mammary glands are diseases of the kidneys and heart, lack of movement, the use of very juicy food for feeding in the second half of pregnancy.
Also, swelling may be due to toxicosis. A symptom of other diseases, in addition to edema, is the rough skin of the udder. The appearance of the affected nipples is different from healthy ones - they are much shorter, the temperature is not increased.
The treatment is more successful if the cow is separated from the herd and is provided with peace and careful care. A sick animal is milked per day up to eight times a light massage of the udder helps a lot. Often, the edema passes by itself, especially if the disease is diagnosed in time and the necessary measures are taken.
The most dangerous infectious diseases
These diseases include vaccinia and furunculosis. Cowpox - a viral disease, it can be infected not only from sick animals. The source of viruses may be contaminated water or grass. Symptoms of the disease - the appearance of a rash of small ulcers. First of all, ulcers appear on the udder. The animal becomes sluggish and apathetic, the temperature slightly rises, the volume of milk yield decreases, the cow loses its appetite. Treatment of cowpox should be carried out only with the help of professionals.
Furunculosis is caused by bacteria. They get into the pores of the skin and if the animal has low immunity or care is not thorough enough, then the udder of the cow can be affected by this unpleasant disease. Furunculosis is much easier to prevent than to cure. The best protection against such infections is cleanliness, regular washing of the udder for disinfection using ordinary warm water and soap.
Symptom of the disease - ulcers, their size is from one to one and a half centimeters. The abscess opens itself after three to four days. It is often necessary to open it with a scalpel and clean it thoroughly. Their treatment after opening is carried out with the help of disinfecting ointments: ichthyol, syntomycin, and heparin.
What to do if a snake bit the cow
Any animal needs the opportunity to graze in the field, more often to be outside the farm. But at large, a cow can meet snakes. Udder is a very sensitive organ, the bite in it is especially dangerous.
The signs that a snake was bitten by a cow include: lethargy, loss of appetite, sometimes the animal loses the ability to move independently. In the case of a bite, an antidote to the snake venom found in the region will help. If it is not there, an injection of Dimedrol can be saved immediately after the bite - a dose of 0.5 ml.
To cope with the swelling of the bite, you can use drugs containing dexamethasone. If there are no medicines at all nearby, traditional medicine comes to the rescue.
To remove the edema, you can use a popular recipe: to a handful of ordinary clay, you need to add a little 6% vinegar and apply this mixture to the bite site, usually the edema drops after the first use of this tool.
When a bite in the udder of a cow milk disappears, there may be signs of mastitis. The bitten area cannot be disturbed. An urgent need to consult a specialist.
Thanks to the experience of many generations, there are many very useful traditional methods of treating udder in cows. You can read about it in the article "Treatment of mastitis in cows folk remedies."
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