Almost all diseases of cattle can be divided into infectious and non-infectious. The first is when one living organism can become infected from another. The second include all other pathologies of cattle. How to cure these ailments, know the vets. A simple owner, in time to see the disease in a cow, bull or calf and provide the animal first, feasible help, must, at a minimum, know the symptoms. Here we will talk further about these signs of non-communicable diseases.
Perhaps the most dangerous of the non-infectious bovine diseases of the respiratory tract is pneumonia. The disease can proceed rapidly and "come to light" in a week, or develop quietly within 3 months.
A constant sign of pathology is coughing. Depending on the shape, it can be deep and wet or frequent and dry. But in both cases, the cow is clearly in pain.
When the disease enters the active phase, the cow can "shake" in a fever. The temperature of the animal almost does not stray and keeps around 40 degrees. Against the background of intense heat, periodic diarrhea may appear, and sometimes even persistent diarrhea.
The main cause of pneumonia is considered to be improper maintenance and negligence of staff. A calf can get sick just by lying on a cold and damp floor without bedding. In an adult herd, such inflammation is often the result of a cold that has not been cured on time.
The blockage of the esophagus can occur as a result of feeding the cows with oilcake, various kinds of root crops, or uncrushed cobs of young corn. In some cases, the esophagus can become blocked by an accidentally swallowed, relatively large foreign object.
The cow begins to swallow often. Her esophagus swells. If time does not provide assistance, the edema can spread to the pleural region or to the mediastinum.
When the blockage has already happened, the brute begins to cough convulsively, she has frequent emetic urges. In some cases, the animals moan and wave their tail.
If you give the cow a drink, then when the blockage occurs, all the liquid will immediately return and drain out through the nose. Eliminate this trouble can be in place. In most cases, a fairly active massage of the cervical esophagus, in other words, you need to try to squeeze back the "plug".
If the efforts were unsuccessful, then oil with platyhillin or atropine is injected through the probe into the esophagus. But occlusion is only a minor nuisance, worse when traumatic reticulitis occurs.
Reticulitis or pericarditis
Traumatic reticulitis occurs as a result of a foreign rigid object entering the gastrointestinal tract. The greatest injuries cause metal objects. Mechanical injury of the stomach or the gastrointestinal tract leads to the fact that both calves and adult animals fall on their legs and tighten their hind limbs under the stomach.
You can try to remove small objects by washing. If this does not help, then only surgery remains.
Sometimes, reticulitis cannot be cured, which leads to reticulopericarditis. This purulent inflammation of pericarditis, which can develop into peritonitis.
If a cow becomes ill with purulent pericarditis, it becomes slow, practically does not lie down, groans during urination and defecation. Treatment rarely gives good results, so in most cases, before the disease develops into peritonitis and abscess, the cattle are sent to the slaughterhouse.
Internal non-communicable diseases such as traumatic reticulitis and pericarditis formed on its background can lead to the death of an animal within a couple of weeks.
Hypogalactia and its forms
Hypogalactia and agalactia are diseases of cows, in which milk reproduction decreases or disappears altogether. To be precise, agalactia is the complete disappearance of milk, and hypogalactia is only a decrease in milk yield.
Overwhelmingly, agalactia is caused by udder mastitis. Which, in turn, may manifest as a result of mechanical damage to the udder, hypothermia, and may also arise from the use of excessive amounts of medicines. Sometimes there is an infection in difficult childbirth.
The first "bell" of the approaching agalactia is the decrease in the density and fat content of milk. Behind him you can wait for the appearance in it of clots and various kinds of flakes. Further traces of blood appear and at the last stage, pus is found in milk.
Theoretically, animals are not infected with this disease, it is not transmitted from infected cows. But, in most cases, agalactia and its forms are the result of severe infectious and non-infectious diseases.
By definition, cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. It can flow in different forms. Of the main symptoms, painful urination is noted, especially in the last stage of the process.
It happens that the disease is accompanied by false desires, the animal arches its back and tries to urinate, and as a result nothing happens or a few drops come out. When laboratory tests in the urine find a high content of red blood cells. As a result, the urine becomes turbid, pus may be released.
But cystitis can only be a consequence of a more dangerous process. Sometimes a cow becomes infected with some kind of genital infection and, as it progresses, symptoms similar to cystitis appear. Again, for cystitis, you can take some form of inflammation in the kidneys.
Treated pathology with antibiotics in combination with sulfonamides. Sometimes veterinarians prescribe a bladder wash with a solution of furatsilin in a ratio of 1: 5000 or something similar. But all this is done after laboratory research. Prior to testing, you can only syringe the cow with furacilin.
Chronic hematuria in cattle is perhaps the most mysterious disease of our time. The etiology of this scourge is still not fully understood. For a long time, it was believed that cows tend to become infected with hematuria on pastures with a high density of animals. Accordingly, they were looking for an infection.
Then they looked for a certain genetic predisposition of a certain breed of cows to this disease. Now we stopped at the fact that the disease manifests itself on a geographical basis, that is, only in a certain area. Local animals fall ill at the age of 2-3 years. Imported cows have about the same period of 2-3 years from the moment of transportation.
Visible symptoms are largely similar to urogenital diseases and infections, for example, the same cystitis. The walls of the bladder and the cortical layer of the kidneys are affected, and anemia can be diagnosed in other organs.
Why such diseases of cows arise, modern veterinary science does not know. A clear course of treatment for hematuria does not currently exist. The disease can last from 2 months to several years, but invariably ends with the death of a cow.
Corolla cellulitis is one of the most common hoof diseases in cattle. She suffers from both calves and adult livestock. The main cause of occurrence is considered to be long walks of animals on asphalt or some other hard surface. So the measure of prevention is one here - to drive a herd less on hard roads and rocky terrain.
The first symptom is limping. Cellulitis appears as a small springy roller on the rim of the hoof. If you notice it in time, then the stubble is cut from this place and a compress is applied with a healing ointment, for example, Ichthyol.
If time is lost and the phlegmon has burst, then it is treated differently. The bristles also need to be cut. After that, the wound is washed with hydrogen peroxide and Novocain (0.5%) is applied with penicillin (150 units per kg). After complete anesthesia, the blockade is removed, the wound is cleaned of pus, streptocid is poured and a bandage is applied.
There are a lot of liver diseases in cows. All these diseases can be divided into 3 main areas:
- diseases caused by viruses and other similar microorganisms;
- diseases caused by parasites (worms, worms, etc.);
- poisoning toxins.
Kohl we are talking about non-communicable diseases of cattle, then we are interested in toxic poisoning. Not everyone knows, but hepatitis can be caused by prolonged toxin poisoning. It is not contagious, but in its advanced acute form it can cause cirrhosis of the liver.
With the defeat of this organ, the cow loses interest in everything, her appetite decreases, and a yellowish patina appears on the mucous membranes. In a relatively short time, the cattle loses a lot of weight, milk yield drops sharply, milk can disappear completely.
Hepatoses are common among non-contagious liver diseases of cows. This series of pathologies is caused by impaired metabolic processes in the body. Hepatoses can hurt even newborn calves. Clinical manifestations are similar to manifestations of hepatitis.
Now the greatest damage to males in breeding herds is orchitis. Since this is an inflammation of the testes, this disease is characteristic only for bulls. The cause can be both viruses and parasites, as well as a banal injury or an accidental infection.
With inflammation, the animal becomes fearful. Reproductive function is either reduced or may disappear altogether. General body temperature tends to rise. At the same time the scrotum grows in size and becomes inflamed. One or both testicles become painful. Sometimes a bull has painful urination.
If time does not take action, orchitis can develop into peritonitis. At the peak of the disease, the bull should be completely restful and isolated from the herd. Dry ice is used to remove the primary symptoms of inflammation.
If the inflammation subsided, then after 3-4 days you can go to a light massage and warm compresses. But the first thing to do when a problem is detected is to call the veterinarian and eliminate the viral component.
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common eye diseases. In addition to viruses and parasites, conjunctivitis can develop as a result of mechanical damage to the organs of vision. Also, if debris or dust gets into the eye. Often the cause of this disease is a chemical burn.
There are several forms of conjunctivitis of the eye, and the symptoms in all forms are different. When the catarrh form of the eyes is half-closed or even closed, tears flow, the conjunctiva is red and slightly swollen, the animal may be frightened of light.
For purulent conjunctivitis is characterized by the release of pus from the inner corners of the eyes. Conjunctiva is severely swollen, on the eyelids may appear erosion, and in the advanced form of ulcers. For phlegmy form swelling of the mucous membrane is characteristic, the conjunctiva is slightly protruding. In the follicular form, the follicles increase from the inner side in the third century.
All forms of conjunctivitis can lead to serious consequences, so their treatment should be entrusted only to a doctor. The owner, while the vet comes, can wash the cow's eyes with a solution of boric acid (3%) or with potassium permanganate. If the form is purulent, well-suited furatsilina.
Bursitis and joint diseases
Bursitis is an inflammation of the synovial joint bag. In adult cows, it can be caused by age-related changes or an excessively large weight. Bursitis can develop if the calf fell and injured the knee.
The most common are bursitis of the knee and carpal joints. If it occurs around the joint, severe swelling is formed. The temperature of the tissues in this area is high. Such inflammation of the limbs usually causes lameness. There is still a purulent bursitis, but this is already a neglected form and cannot be done without a veterinarian during treatment.
There are more than a dozen joint diseases. Basically, they are caused by injuries, improper metabolism and insufficiently wide diet. Absolutely all joint diseases are characterized by joint deformity, edema and lameness. Such diseases are cured hard and long, so you should not engage in amateur activities.
The most dangerous of non-communicable uterine diseases in cows is endometritis, in other words, inflammation of the uterine mucosa. The reasons may be different, but most often - it is difficult childbirth. Endometritis can be caused by abortion and even rude, unprofessional handling of an animal during childbirth.
The disease is acute, chronic and hidden. If time does not take action, the endometritis will grow into either peritonitis or infertility. In the acute form of a cow, the temperature rises, and vaginal discharge is constantly flowing.
Hidden and chronic forms can only be determined by a veterinarian. In this case, the animal can feel normal until the disease turns into peritonitis. Therefore, to exclude the latent form of endometritis for 8-10 days in all cows after childbirth or abortion, you need to take tests.
Non-contagious bovine diseases still exist. We walked only on the most common. Share this information with friends on social networks and, perhaps, your likes will help to identify a dangerous disease at an early stage.
Write a comment at the end of the article.